Ministry of Internal Affairs (Ukraine)

The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Міністерство внутрішніх справ України, romanized: Ministerstvo vnutrishnikh sprav Ukrayiny, MVS) executes state policy for the protection of rights and liberties of citizens, investigates unlawful acts against the interest of society and state, fights crime, provides civil order, ensures civil security, traffic safety, and protects the security and protection of important individuals. It is a centralised agency headed by a Minister of Internal Affairs. The ministry closely operates with the office of General Prosecutor of Ukraine. It oversees the National Police of Ukraine[5] (police service) and the National Guard of Ukraine (gendarmerie).

Ministry of Internal Affairs
Міністерство внутрішніх справ
Government ministry overview
Formed24 August 1991 (1991-08-24)
(originally 22 January 1918 (1918-01-22))
Preceding agencies
  • Ministry of Internal Affair of UNR (1918-1920)
  • State Secretariat of Internal Affairs of wUNR (1918-1919)
  • Ministry (People's Commissariat) of Internal Affairs of UkrSSR (1918-1991)
JurisdictionGovernment of Ukraine
Headquarters10 Akademika Bohomoltsia street,
Kiev, 01601[1]
50.44061597°N 30.53431302°E / 50.44061597; 30.53431302
Employees152,000
Annual budget66 billions (2018)[2]
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
  • Serhiy Yarovyi[3], First Deputy Minister
Government ministry executive
  • Oleksiy Takhtai, State Secretary
Key document
  • Provision on the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine[4]
Websitehttp://mvs.gov.ua/en/

Formerly, the Ministry directly controlled the Ukrainian national law enforcement agency, termed the militsiya (Ukrainian: міліція). This changed in July 2015, with the introduction of reforms by Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko to reduce corruption, whereby the militsiya was replaced with the National Police. Ukraine's militsiya was widely regarded as corrupt,[6] and it has received severe accusations of torture and ill-treatment.[7][8][9][10]

History

Name

  • People's Committee of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR (1919 - 1930, regional autonomous agency)
  • State Political Directorate of the Ukrainian SSR (1930 - 1934, part of the Joint State Political Directorate of USSR)
  • People's Committee of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR (1934 - 1946, part of the People's Committee of Internal Affairs of USSR)
  • Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR (1946 - 1991, part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of USSR)
  • Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine (since 1991, a government agency of the independent Ukraine)

History of Militsiya

Ministerial institutions

  • Central office (in Kiev)

Sub-departments (central offices of executive authority)

Supporting institutions

Medical

  • Central hospital (in Kiev)
  • Hospital of Rehabilitative Treatment (in Kiev)
  • Military-medical commissions

Educational

  • National Academy of Internal Affairs
  • National Academy of National Guard of Ukraine
  • Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs
  • Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs
  • Didorenko State University of Internal Affairs of Luhansk
  • Lviv State University of Internal Affairs
  • Odessa State University of Internal Affairs
  • Donetsk Justice Institute

Ministers of Internal Affairs

Minister of Internal Affairs of
Міністр внутрішніх справ України
Incumbent
Arsen Avakov

since February 22, 2014
AppointerPresident of Ukraine
Term lengthDuration of the presidential term (5 years) or less due to earlier resignation or dismissal
Inaugural holderAndriy Vasylyshyn
FormationAugust 24, 1991
SuccessionFirst Deputy Minister

The Minister of Internal Affairs directs the ministry. Prior to the 2015 police reform, the Minister was recognised as the head of the militsiya. Many former ministers have previously had experience of serving in the police, and many were, prior to taking up their posts, generals of the militsiya. Typically the Minister was afforded the rank of Colonel-General of the Militsiya upon taking up his post in the Ukrainian government. Yuriy Lutsenko and Vasyl Tsushko are the only former holders of the office who had never served in any law enforcement agency.

List of Ministers of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
Name From Until President Notes
Andriy VasylyshynAugust 24, 1991July 21, 1994Leonid KravchukFirst post-independence minister
Volodymyr RadchenkoJuly 28, 1994July 3, 1995Leonid KuchmaActing July 21–28, 1994
Yuriy KravchenkoJuly 3, 1995March 26, 2001Leonid KuchmaInvolved in 'Eagles of Kravchenko' case
Yuriy SmirnovMarch 26, 2001August 27, 2003Leonid Kuchma
Mykola BilokonAugust 27, 2003February 3, 2005Leonid Kuchma
Yuriy LutsenkoFebruary 4, 2005December 1, 2006Viktor YushchenkoFirst civilian minister
Vasyl TsushkoDecember 1, 2006December 18, 2007Viktor YushchenkoFirst minister never directly subordinate to the president
Yuriy LutsenkoDecember 18, 2007January 28, 2010Viktor YushchenkoActing January 28-March 11, 2010[11][12] In May 2009 first deputy (Interior) Minister Mykhailo Kliuyev served as acting Minister during a seven-day investigation.[13][14] After that Lutsenko resumed the post.[15]
Anatoliy MohyliovMarch 11, 2010November 7, 2011[16]Viktor YanukovychFirst post-Orange revolution minister
Vitaliy ZakharchenkoNovember 7, 2011[17]February 21, 2014.[18]Viktor YanukovychFormer head of the State Tax Service of Ukraine[17]
Arsen Avakov (acting)February 22, 2014February 27, 2014Oleksandr Turchynov (acting)
Arsen AvakovFebruary 27, 2014Oleksandr Turchynov (acting), Petro Poroshenko

The minister of Internal Affairs is responsible directly to the Prime Minister of Ukraine, to the Ukrainian Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) and ultimately the President of Ukraine. His office is located in Kiev's Pechersk District.

See also

References

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ukraine
Ukraine portal
  1. "Official website of the Ministry. Address (section)". 2017.
  2. Allocation of expenditures of the State Budget of Ukraine for 2018 (document .xls), sheet "д3", row 60 - Verkhovna Rada official website
  3. Ukraine's Cabinet appoints new police chief – MP, UNIAN 25 September 2019)
  4. Положення про Міністерство внутрішніх справ України, затв. Постановою Кабінету міністрів № 878 [Provision on the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, approved by Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers No 878] (in Ukrainian).
  5. National Police established in Ukraine, Interfax Ukraine (2 September 2015)
  6. Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer: Ukraine has become more corrupt over the last two years, The Ukrainian Week (9 July 2013)
  7. Ukraine: Victims of police brutality Archived 2009-06-24 at the Wayback Machine, Amnesty International USA (September 27, 2005)
    Amnesty International: Ukrainian police told not to touch foreign fans during Euro 2012, Kyiv Post (4 July 2012)
  8. Yanukovych calling for greater control over detention facilities, Kyiv Post (15 December 2011)
  9. Ukrainian Police Arrested For Alleged Torture, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (April 1, 2010)
  10. Ukrainian Police-Abuse Protests Come To The Capital, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (17 July 2013)
  11. Lutsenko says he's calm about his dismissal, Kyiv Post (28 January 2010)
  12. Regions Party: Kliuyev is legitimate head of Interior Ministry, Kyiv Post (1 February 2010)
  13. Speaker:Lutsenko suspended as Ukraine's interior minister, Kyiv Post (May 18, 2009)
  14. Kliuyev to serve as Ukraine's interior minister during Lutsenko's suspension from duty, Kyiv Post (May 16, 2009)
  15. Lutsenko says he will resume fulfilling duties as interior minister, Kyiv Post (May 27, 2009)
  16. Yanukovych appoints Mohyliov to Crimean post, Kyiv Post (7 November 2011)
  17. Chief tax officer Zakharchenko appointed interior minister of Ukraine, Kyiv Post (7 November 2011)
  18. Rada suspends Acting Interior Minister Zakharchenko from his duties, Interfax-Ukraine (21 February 2014)

Further reading

  • Full collection of laws of the Russian Empire since 1649. Vol.5. Saint Petersburg, 1830. page 13. (Полное собрание законов Российской империи с 1649 г. - Спб., 1830. - Т. 5. - С. 13)
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