Minister of Militia and Defence

The Minister of Militia and Defence was the federal government minister in charge of the volunteer army units in Canada, the Canadian Militia, before the creation of the Canadian Army.

From 1855 to 1906, the minister was responsible for Canadian militia units only, as the British Army was still stationed in Canada. From 1906 to 1923, the minister was in charge of the Department of Militia and Defence (Canada). After 1923, the position was merged with the Minister of the Naval Service and the Minister of Aviation into the new position of Minister of National Defence. The Minister of National Defence became responsible for the Canadian Militia, the Royal Canadian Navy and, from 1924, the Royal Canadian Air Force.

List of Ministers

Pre-Confederation (1855–1867)

The following individuals were named the Minister of Militia and Defence for the Province of Canada.

Key:

  Historical conservative parties: Parti bleu, Upper Canada Tories
No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party
1 Étienne-Paschal Taché 18551860 Parti bleu
2 John A. Macdonald 18601867 Tories

Post-Confederation (1867–1922)

The following individuals were named the Minister of Militia and Defence for Canada.

Key:

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry Ref.
1 George-Étienne Cartier 1 July 186720 May 1873 Liberal-Conservative 1 (Macdonald) [1]
Hector-Louis Langevin
(Acting)
21 May 187330 June 1873 [2]
2 Hugh McDonald 1 July 18734 November 1873 [3]
3 William Ross 7 November 187329 September 1874 Liberal 2 (Mackenzie) [4]
4 William Berrian Vail 30 September 187420 January 1878 [5]
5 Alfred Gilpin Jones 21 January 18788 October 1878 [6]
6 Louis-Rodrigue Masson 19 October 187815 January 1880 Conservative 3 (Macdonald) [7]
7 Alexander Campbell 16 January 18807 November 1880 [8]
8 Adolphe-Philippe Caron 8 November 18806 June 1891 [9]
16 June 189124 January 1892 4 (Abbott)
9 Mackenzie Bowell 25 January 189224 November 1892 [10]
10 James Colebrooke Patterson 5 December 189212 December 1894 5 (Thompson) [11]
21 December 189426 March 1895 6 (Bowell)
11 Arthur Rupert Dickey 26 March 18955 April 1896 [12]
12 Mackenzie Bowell 6 January 189614 January 1896 [10]
13 Alphonse Desjardins 15 January 189627 April 1896 [13]
14 David Tisdale 1 May 18968 July 1896 7 (Tupper) [14]
15 Frederick William Borden 13 July 18966 October 1911 Liberal 8 (Laurier) [15]
16 Sam Hughes 10 October 191112 October 1916 Conservative 9 (Borden) [16]
17 Albert Edward Kemp 23 November 191611 November 1917 [17]
18 Sydney Chilton Mewburn 12 October 191715 January 1920 Unionist 10 (Borden) [18]
James Alexander Calder
(Acting)
16 January 192023 January 1920 [19]
19 Hugh Guthrie 24 January 192028 December 1921 [20]
National Liberal and Conservative 11 (Meighen)
20 George Perry Graham 29 December 192131 December 1922 Liberal 12 (King) [21]
Office succeeded by the Minister of National Defence

Ministers with military experience

Several individuals that served as the Minister of Militia and Defence have served with the Canadian Militia. They include:

Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence

See also

References

  1. "Profile - Cartier, George Étienne". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  2. "Profile - Langevin, Hector-Louis". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  3. "Profile - McDonald, Hugh". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  4. "Profile - Ross, William". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  5. "Profile - Vail, William Berrian". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  6. "Profile - Jones, Alfred Gilpin". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  7. "Profile - Masson, Louis-François-Rodrigue". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  8. "Profile - Campbell, Alexander". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  9. "Profile - Caron, Adolphe-Philippe". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  10. "Profile - Bowell, Mackenzie". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  11. "Profile - Patterson, James Colebrooke". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  12. "Profile - Dickey, Arthur Rupert". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  13. "Profile - Desjardins, Alphonse". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  14. "Profile - Tisdale, David". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  15. "Profile - Borden, Frederick William". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  16. "Profile - Hughes, Samuel". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  17. "Profile - Kemp, Albert Edward". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  18. "Profile - Mewburn, Sydney Chilton". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  19. "Profile - Calder, James Alexander". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  20. "Profile - Guthrie, Hugh". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  21. "Profile - Graham, George Perry". ParlInfo. Parliament of Canada. 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
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