A military vehicle is a type of vehicle that includes all land combat and transportation vehicles, which are designed for or are significantly used by military forces. Many military vehicles have vehicle armour plate or off-road capabilities or both. Under the Geneva Conventions, all non-combatant military vehicles such as field ambulances and mobile first aid stations must be properly and clearly marked as such. In theory under the conventions, such vehicles are then legally immune from deliberate attack by all combatants. A subtype that has become increasingly prominent since the late 20th century is the improvised fighting vehicle, and is often seen in irregular warfare.
A military truck is a vehicle designed to transport troops, fuel and military supplies to the battlefield, through asphalted roads and unpaved dirt roads. Several countries have manufactured their own models of military trucks, each of which has its own technical characteristics. These vehicles are adapted to the needs of the different armies on the ground. In general, these trucks are composed of a chassis, a motor, a transmission, a cabin, an area for the placement of the load and the equipment, axles of transmission, suspensions, direction, tires, electrical, pneumatic, hydraulic, engine cooling systems, and brakes. They can be operated with a gasoline engine or with a diesel engine, there are four-wheel drive (4x4) vehicles, six wheeled (6x6), eight wheeled (8x8), ten wheeled (10x10) and even twelve wheeled vehicles (12x12).
Types of military vehicles
Land combat and military transport vehicles include:
- Armoured fighting vehicle (vehicles that are armored for combat)
- Reconnaissance vehicle
- Military light utility vehicle
- Military engineering vehicle (also referred to as Combat Engineering Vehicles)
- Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns (SPAAGs) / Self-Propelled Air Defense Systems (SPADS)
- Military ambulances
- Electronic warfare vehicles
- Military draisines (light rail vehicles)
- Armoured trains
- Technical (vehicle)