Military beret

Berets have been a component of the uniforms of many armed forces throughout the world since the mid-20th century. Military berets are usually pushed to the right to free the shoulder that bears the rifle on most soldiers, but the armies of some countries, mostly within Europe, South America and Asia have influenced the push to the left.

In some countries, berets are associated with elite units, who often wear berets in more unusual colours. For instance, the maroon beret is mostly traditional headgear for elite airborne forces around the world with a few exceptions like the elite Russian Airborne Troops who instead wear a sky blue beret.


The use of beret-like headgear as a civilian headdress dates back hundreds of years, an early example being the Scottish Blue Bonnet, that became a de facto symbol of Scottish Jacobite forces in the 16th and 17th centuries. As an officially required military headdress, its use dates back to the Carlist Wars of Succession for the Spanish Crown in the 1830s by order of Carlist General Tomás de Zumalacárregui who wanted a local and non-costly way to make headgear that was resistant to the mountain weather, easy to care for and could be used on formal occasions.

The French Chasseurs alpins, created in the early 1880s, were the first regular unit to wear the military beret as a standard headgear.[1] These mountain troops were issued with a uniform which included several features which were innovative for the time, notably the large and floppy blue beret which they still retain.[2] This was so unfamiliar a fashion outside France that it had to be described in the Encyclopædia Britannica of 1911 as "a soft cap or tam o'shanter".[3]

Berets have features that make them attractive to the military: they are cheap, easy to make in large numbers, can be manufactured in a wide range of colors, can be rolled up and stuffed into a pocket or beneath the shirt epaulette without damage, and can be worn with headphones (this is one of the reasons why early tank crews adopted the beret). The beret is not so useful in field conditions for the modern infantryman, who requires protective helmets, and non-camouflage versions are seldom seen on operations.

The beret was found particularly useful as a uniform for armored-vehicle crews, and the British Tank Corps (later Royal Tank Corps) adopted the headdress as early as 1918.

German AFV crews in the late 1930s also adopted a beret with the addition of a padded crash helmet inside. The colour black was worn by the Royal Tank Corps later Royal Tank Regiment, since it did not show oil stains picked up inside the interior of a vehicle. Black berets continue to be worn by the Royal Tank Regiment, all other British armoured units wear blue berets, regiments in many armies also adopted the wearing of berets.

The wearing of berets of distinctive colors by elite special forces originated with the British Parachute Regiment, whose maroon beret was officially approved in July 1942,[4] followed by the Commando Forces whose green beret was approved in October of that year.[5] The United States Army Special Forces adopted a darker green beret in 1955, although it was not officially approved until 1961.[6]

Camouflage berets

A camouflage beret is intended for use in the battlefield when wearing combat fatigues. They are mostly issued to the likes of special forces, particularly in jungle warfare operations.


Camouflage berets possibly originate from the General Service cap "Cap, General Service" issued to the British Army in a Khaki material before the introduction of Berets. It was first introduced under "Army Council Instruction 1407" of September 1943. This cap was designed to replace the "Field Service cap" or "FS Cap" that had been worn since the outbreak of war. These caps were issued in priority to units serving overseas. UK based units got theirs later on. It was at first unpopular due to its over large appearance. This cap was not a beret. It was made from several pieces of drab cloth material, whereas a beret was a one piece item. It was based on the Scottish balmoral bonnet in design. First issues were made from the same gaberdine cloth as the old "FS" cap. Badges worn on it were the conventional Officers bronze, and OR's badges in both plastic and metal. Units which had special distinctions could still wear these on the "GS" cap. The General Service cap was worn by regulation one inch above the eyebrows, with badge over the left eye and the cap pulled down to the right. But many wartime photos will show it worn pushed back on the head, which seemed to be a fashion with many soldiers late in the War.

Officers could only obtain the cap upon repayment to the RAOC. They were not allowed to buy the cap until their unit had been issued with it wholesale. Higher ranking Officers often got away with wearing a Khaki beret, which was against regulations. Fashion conscious OR's would also risk punishment from NCO's/officers buying one of these for "walking out".

Not exactly camouflage but an early example is the Jungle Beret issued to the Australian Army during WW2.[7][8][9]


  •  Argentina - Jungle Troops (Brigada de Monte XII "General Manuel Obligado")[10]
  •  Bolivia - Special Forces "Bolivian Condors"
  •  Brazil - Jungle Troops
  •  China - During the 80s, camo berets were issued to some of the recon forces of PLA. It has no cap badge on it.
  •  Denmark - Naval Infantry, Armoured forces of Bornholm (Bornholms Værn's Marineinfantery) Disbanded
  •  Ecuador - IWIA (indigenous tribal members unit) forces
  •  Israel - Kfir Brigade (Urban Combat)
  •  Paraguay - Special Naval Forces
  •  Panama - 7th Infantry Company "Macho de Monte"; Comando Operacional de Fuerzas Expeciales (Cadre)
  •  Philippines - Philippine Air Force pararescue
  •  Portugal - "Flechas" and Guinea 3rd Commando Company
  •  South Africa - 32 Buffalo Battalion and 61 Mechanised Battalion Group
  •  South Korea - Army armoured units
  •  Thailand - Royal Thai Marine Corps and Navy SEALs

By country


Most berets are used by senior enlisted personnel and officers.

      Forest GreenAfghan Armed Forces
      TanSpecial Forces
      CeruleanAfghan National Police


Light green berets are used by para-commando units.


In the Angola Armed Forces, the following berets are in use:

      GreenPáraquedistas (Paratroopers)
BrownArmy general use
BlackNavy and Fuzileiros Navais (Marines)
Medium blueAir Force


Berets are worn by some units in the Argentine Armed Forces,[11][12] with distinctive colors for some units or functions. The beret colours are as follows:

Argentine Army
      Dark GreenCommandos
      BlackArmor & mechanized infantry troops
      Claret601 Air Assault Regiment
      TanMountain troops
      Dark BlueArmy aviation
      BrownAmphibious engineers
      Olive greenAll other army units
Argentine Navy
      Dark GreenAmphibious Commandos Group
      BlackNaval Infantry Command in the windy southern regions
      BrownNavy Tactical Divers Group
Argentine Air Force, Gendarmerie & others
      Dark BlueAir Force Special Operations group
      Dark GreenGendermarie
      OrangeInstituto Antártico Argentino
      UN blueUnited Nations operations


The Armed Forces continue to wear Soviet-style (pieced fabric) berets, which are draped to the right in most circumstances. When appearing in public on parade, the berets are draped to the left side so that the insignia shows to observing dignitaries and the public.

  • Light blue - Airborne Forces, Peacekeeping Forces
  • Black - Interior Ministry Troops
  • Wine red - Interior Ministry Special Troops
  • Bright Green - Border Guards


In all branches, the beret is 'bashed' to the right, and a badge or insignia is worn above the left eye. In the army, all units wear them with certain units wearing unique ones. In the navy, the beret is an optional item though usually worn by the Clearance Diving Branch and in the air force, the beret is only worn by certain units.[13]

Australian Army
      Dark blueAll members of the army who are not eligible to wear a specific beret
      BlackRoyal Australian Armoured Corps
      Rifle greenRoyal Australian Regiment
      FawnSpecial Air Service Regiment
      Sherwood green1st Commando Regiment and 2nd Commando Regiment
      Dull cherryParachute riggers, personnel posted to No. 176 Air Dispatch Squadron, Air Movements Training and Development Unit or Parachute Training School who are parachute qualified
      Light blueAustralian Army Aviation
      ScarletRoyal Australian Corps of Military Police
      Slate greyRoyal Australian Army Nursing Corps
      UN bluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions
      TerracottaWorn by Multinational Force and Observers contingents
Royal Australian Air Force
      Dark blueAirfield Defence Guards
      Aircraft greyB Flight, No. 4 Squadron
Royal Australian Navy
      Navy blueOptional for all naval personnel, worn mainly by the Clearance Diving Branch


The Austrian coat of arms is worn on the left side of the beret (officers in gold, NCOs in silver, enlisted personnel as well as conscripts in dark grey). An exception to this rule are members of the Austrian special forces (Jagdkommando); after successfully completing the Basic Special Forces Course ("Jagdkommandogrundkurs"), they wear the Special Forces Badge ("Jagdkommandoabzeichen") instead of the Austrian coat of arms on their berets.

      GreenInfantry, various other units
      BlackTank & armored infantry (Panzergrenadier)
      ScarletGuards Battalion (Gardebataillon)
      Maroon25th (Airborne) Infantry Battalion (Jägerbataillon 25)
      CoralMilitary Police
      Auburn1st and 2nd Command Support Battalion, Command Support School
      Pike GreyCBRN Defense School, Austrian Forces Disaster Relief Unit (AFDRU)
      Dark BlueLogistic Command, Army Logistics School
      Yellow GreenAthletes and other members of Armed Forces Sports Centers
      OliveSpecial Forces (Jagdkommando)
      Light BlueAustrian military personnel serving in UN peacekeeping missions


      GreenState Border Service (Azerbaijan) Mobile Divisions
BlackAzerbaijani National Guard Mobile Divisions
RedInternal Troops of Azerbaijan, Special Forces of Azerbaijan
Medium blueInternal Troops of Azerbaijan Special Purpose Police Unit


  • Black - Royal Bahraini Army and Royal Bahraini Naval Force
  • Blue - Royal Bahraini Air Force
  • Red - Military Police
  • Tan - Special Forces
  • Green - Royal Guard
  • Olive Green - National Guard
  • Maroon - Public Security Forces
  • Dark Blue - Coast Guard
  • Dark Green- Harasat


  • Black — Artillery, Armoured corps, Signals and all officers from and above the rank of Colonel
  • Bangladesh Green — Infantry
  • Dull Cherry — Army Medical corps
  • Scarlet — Military police
  • Maroon — Commandos
  • Royal Blue — Engineers, Service corps
  • Dark Blue — Education corps, Electrical and mechanical engineers, Ordnance, Artillery, Army Dental corps, Naval Service
  • Any color with feathers-Cadet
  • UN Blue — Personnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions


Initially, the only unit of the Belgian military to wear berets were the Chasseurs Ardennais from the 1930s. Since World War II they have been adopted by all units. Berets vary in colour according to the regiment, and carry a badge (sometimes on a coloured shield-shaped patch) which is of gilt for officers, silver for non-commissioned officers and bronze for other ranks. Members of cavalry units all wear silver coloured badges.

      BlackArmoured troops, Guides (Scouts), Chasseurs à Cheval and some engineer units
Dark GreenMedical component
Green2 Commando, Paracommando Field Artillery and the Commando Training Centre
Olive Green(Large-brimmed, basque type with folded-in brim and wild boar's head badge ) — Chasseurs Ardennais
Dark BlueArtillery and Royal Military Academy
Navy Blue(No metal cap badge, but embroidered crest) — Navy component (Formerly also naval infantry with metal badge)
Cobalt BlueLogistics and administration troops
Blue GreyAir component
Light BlueFormer Land component Light Aviation (now part of Air Component)
MaroonParacommando Immediate Reaction Cell (HQ), 1 Para, 3 Para, Special Forces Group, Parachute Training Centre
RedMilitary police
BrownInfantry, Chasseurs à Pieds and Belgian United Nations Command (during the Korean War)
Khaki"General service" beret with lion badge worn on training by all troops (Obsolete)
GreyTransmission troops and some engineer units
UN BluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions


      BlackArmoured corps
GreenInfantry and other Army units
Dark BlueGendarmerie


Berets in Bolivian Army:

  • Black — Paratroopers
  • Maroon — Armoured Corps
  • Green — Special Operations Forces, Commandos
  • Camouflage — Special Forces "Bolivian Condors"
  • Tan — Mountain Infantry (Satinadores de Montaña)[14]
  • Blue — Engineer units

Berets in Bolivian Air Force:

  • Royal Blue - Air Force Infantry personnel


      Olive greenAll other Army units
BrownWere used by Units of the COPESP (As of 2016 is being replaced by Wine Red Berets, For who is a Paratrooper, or Olive Green Barets and Black Caps)
BlackUsed by Armored and Mechanized Cavalry/Infantry Brigades.
Scarlet redStudents of Colégio Militar (middle and high school).
GreyMountain Units, From the 4° Light Infantry Brigade
Dark blueStudents of Military Formation Schools (Cadets, Officer Candidates, NCO Candidates)
Royal blueArmy aviation, From the CAvEx.
Wine redParatroopers
CamouflageJungle troops (stopped being used in 2012 and will resume usage in early 2017)
TanAir Assault Units (From the 12° Light Infantry Brigade)
UN bluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions


Berets have been worn by Bulgarian military personnel since 1991. Berets vary in colour according to the military branch, and carry a crest pin (sometimes on a coloured background patch) resembling the unit's insignia.


  • Dark red - 911 Special Forces Regiment
  • Royal Purple - Military Police


  • Bataillon des Troupes Aéroportées (Airborne Battalion) - dark red/maroon
  • Bataillon Spécial Amphibie (Special Amphibious Battalion) - Dark green
  • Bataillon d'Intervention Rapide (Rapid Intervention Battalion) - light green
  • Fusiliers de l'Air (Air Force Infantry) - royal blue
  • Fusiliers Marins (Marine Infantry) - black
  • Garde Presidentielle (Presidential Guard) - royal purple
  • " All others army units - Navy Blue
  • " Gendarmerie (military Police) - Red


Main article Uniforms of the Canadian Armed Forces#Berets

The colour of the beret is determined by the wearer's environment, branch, or mission. The beret colours listed below are the current standard:

      Air force blueAir force
BlackNavy, Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
CF GreenArmy
ScarletMilitary police
MaroonParatroopers serving in active jump companies
Blaze orangeSearch-and-rescue technicians
TerracottaPersonnel serving with the Multinational Force and Observers
TanSpecial operations forces
UN BluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions
Dark blueRoyal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Royal Canadian Corps of Signals, Canadian Intelligence Corps[15]
KhakiFoot guard regiments[15]


Berets in Chilean Army:

  • Black — Special Operations Forces (Fuerzas Especiales), Comandos and Paratroopers (Paracaidistas)
  • Maroon — Armoured Corps
  • Green — Mountain troops (Tropas de Montaña)

Berets in Chilean Navy:

  • Black — Combat crews and Maritime Boarding and Police operatives
  • Green — Combat Divers (Navy) and Comandos Anfibio (Marine Corps Special Operations)

Berets in Chilean Air Force:

  • Dark blue — Parachuting demonstration group Boinas Azules and Ground troops
  • Black — Special forces


Since May 5, 2000, the People's Liberation Army has adopted woolen berets for all its personnel,[16] along with the traditional peaked caps. Type 99 beret

  • Olive green — Ground Forces and Strategic Forces
  • Dark blue — Navy
  • Black - Marine corps
  • Blue-grey — Air Force (including Airborne troops)

Berets were not officially adopted by the CAPF, but some of the forces issued their own types NOT OFFICIAL:

  • Red—CAPF Provincial Women Special Police Corps
  • Dark blue—Public Security Police SWAT

During the 80s, camo berets were issued to some of the recon forces of PLA. It has no badge on it.

Type 07 uniform is being issued to both PLA and CAPF on August 1, 2007. Colours of 07 berets are changed to the same colours with the service uniform. And several changes in designs were made from type 99 beret. The berets were not being issued until summer of 2009 to most of the troops.

Other than colours of the berets, the most significant difference between type 99 and type 07 is the type 99 beret badge is cloth, while type 07 is plastic.


Berets are worn by all personnel of the National Army of Colombia (Ejército), certain members of the Navy (Armada) and National Police (Policía Nacional), with distinctive colors for some units or functions. The beret colors are:

ColourWearer in ArmyWearer in NavyWearer in Police
      BlackLancero, Personal Freedom Unified Action Group (GAULA), Lanceros SchoolNaval InfantrySpecial Operations Commands (COPES)
Hunter GreenGround Operations UnitsSpecial Operations Groups(GOES)
OrangeInfantry battalion (COLBATT) in Multinational Force and Observers (MTO)
Prussian BlueAerotransported units and Paratroopers School
Red WineUrban Special Forces
TerracottaSpecial Forces
UN BluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions


In the Croatian Army berets are used in special forces and guard brigades, as well as in cadet battalion.
During Croatian War of Independence, Croatian Army consisted of seven professional brigades—guard brigades, each having its beret colour. During the army reforms number of guard brigades was cut to two, but the battalions kept the names and insignia (colour of beret also) of ex brigades.

Joint staff:

Guard brigades:

  • Armored Mechanized Guard Brigade
    • Black — 1st Mechanized Battalion "Sokolovi"
    • Brown — 2nd Mechanized Battalion "Pume"
    • Black — Tank Battalion "Kune"
  • Motorized Guard Brigade
    • Black — 1st Mechanized Battalion "Tigrovi"
    • Green — 2nd Mechanized Battalion "Gromovi"
    • Black — 1st Motorized Battalion "Vukovi"
    • Red — 2nd Motorized Battalion "Pauci"

Black beret is also used in Cadet battalion. Also dark blue beret is used in Croatian Navy.


In the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces, the following berets are in use:

      BlackTank troops (tanquistas) wear black berets (including the "Gran Unidad Rescate de Sanguily"); also the special troops (Brigada Especial Nacional "Gallitos Negros") of the interior ministry (MININT).[17][18][19]
RedThe military police (Tropas de Prevención) wear red berets.[20][21][17][19]
Olive GreenSpecial forces (Tropas Especiales "Avispas Negras") since 2011, wear olive green berets (formerly wearing red berets).[17][18][19]
OliveMilitias (Milicias de Tropas Territoriales) wear olive-colored berets [17][22][18]

Czech Republic

The Armed Forces of the Czech Republic use berets for both battledress and display uniform. The colour of the beret is defined by the branch of the armed forces. The beret displays the state coat of arms with two swords crossed underneath and the badge of rank of the individual.[23]

      BlackMilitary Police
Dark GreenReconnaissance troops
Dark BlueAir Force
Maroon4th Rapid Deployment Brigade, 601st Special Forces Group
OrangeCivil defence troops
GreyLogistics, Medical troops
Light GreenOther ground forces (mechanised infantry, armour, artillery, NBC protection, Engineering Brigades, etc.)


The Royal Danish Army first introduced berets for its armour personnel in 1958. It was later extended to the whole army, Homeguard and parts of the Navy and Airforce, replacing the standard issue Side cap.[24]

      BlackAll Army combat units: SLFR, JDR, GHR, LG,Garnisonskommandant Vordingborg and DAR[25]
GreenAll Army non-combat units: Engineers, Logistics, Army Intelligence Center, Army Home Guard
Dark BlueRoyal Danish Navy; Naval Home Guard; Signal troops
Light Blue GreyRoyal Danish Air Force; Air Force Home Guard
MaroonJægerkorpset, SOKOM
RedMilitary Police(All Branches)
Light Blue (or "Mouse Grey")Army Air Service, Disbanded
Dark brownDanish Women's Voluntarily Corp (Dansk Lottekorps), Disbanded
BlueSignal troops Color Disbanded
UN BluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions


Berets are worn by all personnel of the Ecuadorian Army (Ejército) and certain members of the Navy (Armada) and Air Force (Fuerza Aérea), with distinctive colours for some units or functions. The beret colours are:

      BlackMilitary Police; Naval Infantry (Infantería de Marina)
Dark Greenall other Army units; National Police GIR (Intervention & Rescue Unit)
Dark BlueArmy Aviation (Aviación del Ejército); Air Force Aerial Infantry (Infantería Aérea)
Royal blueAir Force Security Police
RedParatroopers and Special Operations Forces
Greyfor use with the dress uniform (4-B) for those forces using the dark green beret
CamouflageIWIA (indigenous tribal members unit) forces


  • Maroon — Paratroopers
  • Forest green — Armour
  • Dark blue — Infantry
  • Dark blue with red band — Presidential Guard
  • Black — Artillery
  • Red — Military Police
  • Green — Engineers


All personnel of the EDF or Eritrean Defense Forces wear Berets.

  • Red — Air Force Units
  • Green — Army Units
  • Blue — Naval Units
  • Purple — Border Guard


All personnel in the Estonian Military used to wear Berets in the beginning on 90's. In 2013, berets were reinstated.

  • Green — Ground Forces
  • Black — Armoured Corps, Naval Units
  • Red — Military police
  • White - Military Bands Service when not in parade dress uniform


The Finnish Defence Force uses berets with cap badges for the Army, Navy and the Air Force. The berets are worn in "clean" garrison duties such as roll calls and with the walking-out uniform, but not with the battle dress. Until the mid-1990s, the beret was reserved for troops with special status, such as the armoured troops, coastal jägers and the airborne jägers, but is nowadays used by all units. In the winter, berets are replaced by winter headgear.

Berets are also used by the Finnish Border Guard, which is a military organization under the aegis of Ministry of Interior during peacetime.

  • Brown (Badge: golden bear's head, sword and fir tree twig) — Special Border Jägers
  • Olive (Badge: golden bear's head, sword and fir tree twig) — Border Jägers
  • Olive (Badge: silver lion's head) — Army
  • Olive (Badge: golden lion's head with crown) — Finnish Rapid Deployment Force and Army units abroad (other than UN peace keepers)
  • UN Blue (Badge: UN white and blue embroidered patch) — UN peace keepers
  • Black (Badge: silver Gothic helmet) — Armoured Brigade
  • Burgundy (Badge: arrow and parachute) — Airborne Jägers of the Utti Jäger Regiment
  • Royal Blue (Badge: silver griffin) — Army helicopter pilots
  • Royal Blue (Badge: silver Air Force insignia) — Air Force
  • Royal Blue (Badge: golden harp with sword) — Military bands
  • Navy Blue (Badge: silver anchor and golden lion) — Navy, including coastal troops, except for Coastal Jägers
  • Green (Badge: gold sea eagle's head) — Coastal Jägers


The military beret originated in the French Army, in the form of the wide and floppy headdress worn by the Chasseurs Alpins (mountain light infantry) from their foundation in the early 1880s.[26] The practical uses of the beret were soon recognised and the Marine Infantry forming part of the Expeditionary Force sent in China in 1900 used berets as headwear[27] A tight-fitting version was subsequently adopted by French armoured troops towards the end of World War I. Between the wars, special fortress units raised to garrison the Maginot Line wore khaki berets as did the 13th Demi-Brigade of Foreign Legion when it was created in 1940. The Vichy Milice of the War period wore a blue beret.

The beret in blue, red or green was a distinction respectively of the Metropolitan, Colonial and Foreign Legion paratroop units during the Indochina and Algerian wars. In 1962 the beret in either light khaki or the colours specified above became the standard French Army headdress for ordinary use.[28]

With the exception of the Commandos Marine and the Fusiliers Marins, whose berets are worn pulled to the right, all other French military berets (army, air force and Gendarmerie) are pulled to the left with the badge worn over the right eye or temple. Gendarmerie personnel serving with the European Gendarmerie Force (EUROGENDFOR) – an EU crisis response and intervention force – wear the standard EUROGENDFOR royal blue beret and badge when so assigned.

      Wide beret, dark blueChasseurs Alpins (the wide beret's nickname is the tarte (pie) also worn with a white cover (winter dress)).
Dark blueFusiliers Commandos de l'Air; Troupes de Marine and all other army troops; Gendarmerie; Fusiliers Marins (pulled to the right)
GreenFrench Foreign Legion
Dark GreenCommandos Marine (pulled to the right)
Red (called amarante)Paratroopers (except paratroopers of the Foreign Legion who wear Legion green)
Azure blueFrench Army Light Aviation
BlackArmoured regiments (régiments de chars de combat)
UN bluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions


Berets in Gabonese Army:

  • Dark red/rouge— Paratroopers
  • Light grey — Armoured troops
  • Green — Republican Guard
  • Green — Commandos Marine
  • Dark red — Army Medical Corps
  • Dark blue — other Army units


The German Heer uses berets with different badges for every branch of service. The Luftwaffe and the Marine issue dark blue berets only to their ground or land combat units (called Luftwaffensicherungstruppe and Marineschutzkräfte) respectively. Berets are usually worn at special ceremonies and roll calls, although units with a special esprit de corps, especially armoured and mechanized infantry (Panzergrenadiere) battalions, wear their berets all the time. German berets are always pulled to the right, with the badge visible over the left temple.

      Blackarmoured units, including armoured reconnaissance
Greeninfantry units, including Jägertruppe (light infantry), Panzergrenadiere (armoured infantry), army ceremonial guards (Wachbataillon des Heeres) and the now disbanded Panzerjäger (armoured anti-tank);
Dark blueLuftwaffe (Air Force) and Marine (Navy) infantry and Combat Divers, ceremonial guards; Offizieranwärterbataillon (Officer Candidate Battalions of the Army) multinational units (e.g. Eurocorps) CYBER Technology Units (CIR)
Bluemedical units
Maroonairborne units (or units with substantial airborne components), including paratroopers, army aviation, Airmobile Operations Division (DLO; Division Luftbewegliche Operationen), and Division Special Forces (DSK; Division Spezielle Kräfte), including the KSK (Kommando Spezialkräfte)
Redsupport units, including artillery, engineers, intelligence, psychological operations (Operative Information), anti-aircraft, supply, NBC protection, signals, electronic warfare, transport, topography, and military police (Feldjäger), 'Instandssetzung' Vehicle Maintenance
UN BluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions

Military bands wear the beret colour of their respective division (e.g. black in the 1. Panzerdivision).

Note: The Panzerjäger started off with black berets but were moved into the Panzergrenadier branch. The last Panzerjägers wore green berets.


The beret colours worn by the Ghana Army are as follows:

  • Black — Armoured Corps
  • Dark Green — Airborne Force (ABF)
  • Red — Military Police
  • Dark Blue — All other Arms and Corps


The beret colours worn by the Hellenic Army are as follows:

  • Light blue — Presidential Guard
  • Black — Armoured Corps
  • Green — Special Forces (including Commandos, Marines and Parachute despatchers/riggers)
  • Dark red/maroon — Army Aviation
  • Bright red/scarlet — Airmobile troops
  • Dark Blue — All other Arms and Corps when in 8a, 8b and 8c Service Dress.
  • Red -71st Airmobile Brigade (PONDUS)

When in camouflage fatigues, the camouflaged cap is worn instead of the dark blue beret. The beret colours worn by the Hellenic Air Force are:

  • Blue-grey (same colours as RAF) — Air Force Underwater Operations Squadron
  • Dark red/Maroon — Air Force Special Operations Squadron


  • Black - Parachute Brigade (Brigada Paracaidista)
  • Maroon - Kaibiles (Special Forces)


History: the first beret-type cap (khaki colour, with black ribbon and "eagle" badge) was issued for Air Force enlisted personnel in 1930, but berets became popular in the 1970s, when reconnaissance troops (paratroopers) were issued with rifle green (or grass green) berets. Previously maroon beret was also experimented and even reversible (green to camo) "multi-purpose" berets were produced, but the standardization started on the 1975 military parade. In 1982 military secondary school students were issued with green berets too, while in 1987 River Force troopers received dark blue beret. After the collapse of the communism the beret as "mark of the elite trooper" received more and more popularity among soldiers.

Berets currently in Hungarian military:

  • Black (with tank troops' badge) — Armoured Units
  • Black (with oak leaf badge) — Voluntary Aera Defend Reservist’s
  • Black (with anchor badge) — Flottilla
  • Red (with MP badge) — Military Police
  • Scarlet (with artillery or AA badge) — Artillery, Anti-Aircraft Artillery
  • Dark green (with paratroops badge) — Paratroopers, Long-range recons, Field recons
  • Olive green (with engineer's badge) — Engineers (only in foregin missions)
  • Olive green (with infantry badge) — Infantry (only in foreign missions)
  • Grass green (with border guard’s badge)- Border Guard (only 1990-2007)
  • Dark brown (with infantry badge) — Guard Battalion Special Team (only in the 2000s)
  • Tan (with special operation's badge) — 2nd Vitéz Bertalan Árpád Special Operations Brigade

Except these official versions different unofficial beret types, colours and badges are worn, for example Dark Blue berets by Signal Corps cadets etc.


Icelandic armed services commonly use berets.

      BlackIcelandic Coast Guard
Dark BlueIcelandic Crisis Response Unit


The beret is the standard headgear for the Indian Army. Berets are worn by officers and other ranks, apart from Sikhs, who wear turbans. The beret colours worn by the Indian Army are as follows:

  • Light Green (shades vary considerably) — Infantry regiments and Military Intelligence
  • Dark (rifle) green — Rifle Regiments, some Light Infantry regiments (including the Mechanised Infantry Regiment), COBRA jungle warfare Commandos, and the National Cadet Corps
  • Maroon — The Parachute Regiment, Special Forces, Special Frontier Force, Garud Commandos and Marine Commandos
  • Black — Armoured Corps, Border Security Force (BSF), the National Security Guards (NSG)
  • Grey — Army Aviation Corps, IMA & OTA Cadets and the Indian Air Force [NC(e)]
  • Scarlet — Corps of Military Police
  • Navy blue — The Regiment of Artillery, Corps of Engineers, Corps of Signals, Support Arms and Services, Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard, the Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force
  • Sand — Border Road Organisation and General Reserve Engineer Force
  • Dark Blue — National Disaster Response Force
  • Light Blue — All personnel serving with the United Nations forces irrespective of unit, arm or service


The beret is the standard headgear of armed forces and police personnel in Indonesia. It is also worn by paramilitary and other uniformed services in the country such as the Fire Brigade, Search and Rescue, Scouts, civil militias (such as Banser) and civil paramilitary organizations. In the Military Services (Army, Navy and Air Force), the berets are dragged to the right (the insignia are worn on the left side), while in the Indonesian National Police force and Military Police Corps, the berets are dragged to the left (the insignia are worn on the right side). Both having its own meaning, dragged to the right meaning "ready for combat and defense" and dragged to the left meaning "ready for law enforcement and order". Military and Police services according to their beret colours which represent different units within the force are as shown below:

  • Non-military
    • Dark Brown - Scouts
    • Light Brown - Ministry of Defence employees and Armed Forces Civil Servants (PNS), beret dragged to the left
    • Purple - College Students Regiment


  • Dark Blue - Iranian Marines
  • Black - Iranian Army Airborne Forces, IRGC Commandos, and Police
  • Green - Iranian Army Special Forces (Rangers), Iranian Marines Special Forces, IRGC Special Forces
  • Tan - Iranian Army Commandos
  • Maroon - Iranian Army Tank Crew


The beret color system used for the different branches of the Iraqi military and security forces changed after the fall of Saddam Hussein. Beret colors currently (and formerly) worn by Iraqi forces are as follows:

  • Maroon — Army (formerly Special Republican Guards, Paratroops and/or Special Forces)
  • Khaki (olive green) — no longer used (formerly Logistics and Transport personnel)
  • Green — Special Forces (formerly Commandos and Thunder Paratroops)
  • Bright Red — Military Police
  • Black — Police (formerly Republican Guards and regular Army)
  • Blue — Air Force
  • Dark Blue - Iraqi Navy
  • Blue-Grey - no longer worn (formerly Iraqi Air Force)


All Army personnel wear a common capbadge, a sunburst insignia with the letters "FF" inscribed above the left eye of the beret. The Irish Defence Forces cap badge for Officers in the Army has a more subdued appearance. Air Corps and Naval Service personnel wear their own cap badge on berets.

The beret colours worn by the Irish Defence Forces are as follows:

      BlackArmy, Air Corps and Naval Service - Army personnel wear red patch behind cap badge
RedMilitary Police
Dark greenArmy Ranger Wing (special forces)
UN bluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions

The beret colours worn by the Reserve Defence Forces are as follows:

      BlackArmy Reserve - worn with red patch behind cap badge
RedReserve Military Police - worn with dark green patch behind cap badge
BlackNaval Service Reserve


Israeli Defense Forces soldiers wear berets only on formal occasions, such as ceremonies and roll calls, and in disciplinary situations such as courts martial and imprisonments. While they are not attending formal occasions, they must place the beret beneath the left epaulette. The Border Police, which are a unit of the civil police rather than the military IDF, wear their berets at most times. The beret colors are as follows:

      BlackArmor Corps
Light BrownGolani Brigade
Dark GrayAir Force
MaroonParatroopers Brigade and SF units
Lime GreenNahal Brigade
PurpleGivati Brigade
CamouflageKfir Brigade
TurquoiseArtillery Corps
KhakiCombat Intelligence Corps
Light Grey/ silverEngineering Corps
Bottle GreenDirectorate of Military Intelligence, Border Police
BlueMilitary Police
OrangeHome Front Command
Olive GreenGeneral Corps
Dark BlueNavy


Italian Army personnel used to wear a garrison cap alongside the combination cap, until the early 1970s when the garrison cap was replaced by the beret. Until the early 1980s the general Army colour for the beret was drab khaki, the black being reserved to armoured units. The colours presently used by the Italian Army are as follows:

  • Maroon — Paratroopers, Folgore Airborne Brigade; Army Incursori Special Operations Forces
  • Light blue — Army Aviation, 66th Airmobile Infantry Regiment
  • Black — all other Army units (the Bersaglieri light infantry have royal blue beret strings, instead of black ones like the rest of the Italian Military)
  • Green - The Lagunari Serenissima amphibious infantry Regiment received 'Lagoon green' berets in 2011 after service in Afghanistan

The Italian Navy uses the following berets:

The Italian Air Force uses the following berets:

Other Italian services that use berets:


All members in the Ground Self-Defense Force are authorized to wear wool rifle green berets - referred to as the "ベレー帽" (ベレーボウ or bereebou) - as an optional head covering for dress, working and camouflage uniforms since 1992. However, it is normally considered a special dress item, worn for public relations events or parades. An embroidered goldwork cap badge representing the JGSDF logo identical to the one used on the service dress peaked cap is required by regulation to be affixed to the beret.


The beret colours worn by the Jordanian Army are as follows:

  • Brown - Infantry
  • Maroon — Special Forces
  • Black — Armoured Corps
  • Green — Royal Guards
  • Dark Blue - Artillery
  • Sky-blue - Engineers
  • Red — Military police
  • Grey Blue - Air Force
  • Dark Blue - Navy


  • Light Blue - Paratroops
  • Maroon - National Guard - Internal security
  • Orange - Emergency Rescue Units
  • Navy Blue - Navy Units


The beret colours worn by the Kenya Armed Forces are as follows:

  • Black — Armoured Corps
  • Green — Airborne Battalion
  • Red — Military police
  • Dark Blue - All other Arms and Corps including naval service
  • Blue Grey - Air Force


  • Green — National Guard
  • Commando Green - 25th Commando Brigade
  • Black — Army Ground forces
  • Red — Military Police
  • Maroon — Amiri Guard Authority
  • Dark Blue - Air Force and Naval Forces


The beret colours worn by the Latvian Army are as follows:

  • Olive-green — Special Tasks Unit
  • Red — Military police
  • Black - National Guard, Navy
  • Tan - Mechanized infantry brigade (army) from 18.11.2018
  • Blue - Air Force


All units, in the Lebanese Armed Forces wear berets when not in combat mode (Helmet), training camp (cap) or formal uniform (formal hat).

The Lebanese Army, unlike most militaries, wears the beret slanted (pulled down) on the left side as the Army emblem is positioned to the right aligned with the right eyebrow.


  • Maroon — National Defence Volunteer Forces
  • Scarlet — Military Police
  • Green — All other forces excluding the Air Force and the Navy
  • Grey — (SOP- Specialiųjų operacijų pajėgos) SOF- Special operations force


Malaysian Armed Forces General Tan Sri Haji Zulkifeli bin Mohd Zin with maroon beret during CARAT 2011 ceremony
Army Grup Gerak Khas soldiers with commando green berets during the 56th National Day Parade of Malaysia at Merdeka Square, Kuala Lumpur.
Navy sailors wearing their blue black berets at 60th Merdeka Day Parade
Navy PASKAL wearing his magenta beret
Airmen with blue black berets and Close Escort Team with red berets on parade during 60th Merdeka Day
Airmen from PASKAU with sky blue berets at LIMA 2013

The beret is the headgear of ground forces, air aviations and special forces in the Malaysian Armed Forces. The colours presently used are:

Malaysian Army
      BlackRoyal Armoured Corps
Rifle GreenRoyal Malay Regiment, Royal Ranger Regiment, Border Regiment
Commando GreenGrup Gerak Khas (Army Special Forces)
Cypress GreenRoyal Intelligence Corps
Cambridge BlueArmy Air Corps
Maroon10 Parachute Brigade
ScarletRoyal Military Police Corps
Dark Blueother Army branches
Royal Malaysian Navy
      Dark BlueRegular and reserve force personnel
MagentaPASKAL (Navy Special Forces)
Royal Malaysian Air Force
Colour Wearer
      Dark BlueRegular, reserve force and RMAF Provosts personnels
Sky BluePASKAU (Air Force Special Forces)
RedClose Escort Team (VIP Protection)


The beret colours worn by the Maldives National Defense Force (MNDF) are as follows:

  • Maroon — Special Forces
  • Red — Military Police
  • Green — Marines and other support units
  • Black — Parade Beret for Coast Guard


The beret colours worn by the Malian Armed Forces are as follows:

  • Red — Paratroopers.
  • Brown — National Guard.
  • Green — Infantry and other army units.
  • Dark blue — Air Force
  • Blue - Police


In the Mexican Army, the beret is worn by:

  • Green - Special Forces
  • Maroon — Paratroopers (formerly purple, circa 1980s)
  • Black — Presidential Guards Corps
  • Steel Grey — Armor
  • Brown - Airmobile Units

In the Mexican Navy:

  • Black — Paratroopers, Navy Special Forces.

Armed Forces wide, the blue beret with the UN arms is used by peacekeeping forces beginning in 2015-16, when Mexico sent armed forces personnel to UN peacekeeping operations.


In 2002, new army uniforms were introduced to the Mongolian armed forces and along with new uniform design, dark green berets were issued to all personnel. According to the rules, all military berets are pushed to the right and displays a "Soyombo" symbol in middle of golden oak leaves in the right side.

Berets are worn by Mongolian Police since 1994. Police berets are different from the army beret in color and in shape, while it is pushed to the left while army berets are pushed to the right.

  • Dark green - All branches of Armed forces
  • Red - Internal troops.
  • Dark blue - National emergency troops (rescuers)
  • Black - Police unit (pushed to the left)
  • Light blue - UN peacekeepers (pushed to the right)


The Moroccan military Uniform is inspired from the French Uniform, the berets are usually pulled to the left with the badge worn over the right eye or temple.

  • Lime Green - Armed Forces (Les Forces armees royales), including Paratroopers
  • Red - Royal Guard (La garde royale)
  • Blue - Royal Moroccan air force
  • Dark BLue - The Air Force and Security Forces
  • UN Blue - Moroccan-United Nations troops Personnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions
  • Brown - Moroccan Auxiliary troops


Presently, the following berets are in use by the Defense Armed Forces of Mozambique:

  • Brown — Army general use
  • Red — Commandos
  • Olive Green - Forcas Especiais (Special Forces)
  • Navy blue — Fuzileiros (Marines)



When the Royal Netherlands Armed Forces acquired new modernised uniforms (designed by the Dutch couturier Frans Molenaar) in 2000, the berets changed as well. Since 2004, soldiers of the Royal Netherlands Army have worn a petrol (blue-green) beret, whereas previously they wore brown.

The following colours are also used (before and after the modernisation):



Note: The only Dutch military unit that do not wear a beret are the Gele Rijders (Horse Artillery), who wear a blue garrison cap with yellow trimming. Air Force:

Military Police:


All regiments and services have their own distinctive colours. There are quite a lot, but the number of colours in the logistic services was reduced in 2001. This colour is shown in a patch of cloth behind the beret flash. The intendance (maroon), transport troops (blue), military administration (pink; hence the nickname 'Pink Mafia'), technical service (black), and medical troops and service (green) lost their colours and all now wear yellow patches. In 2010, the technical service and medical troops and services recovered their colors. The intendance and transport troops merched into one regiment with new colours (maroon with blue border) and the administration got the crimson color.

  • Infantry — Red, except:
    • Grenadier Guards — Red with blue border
    • Rifle Guards — Green with yellow border
    • Fusilier Guards — Orange with blue border
    • Regiment van Heutsz — Black with orange border
    • Limburg Rifles Regiment — Green with maroon border
  • Korps Commandotroepen — Black with dark green border
  • Cavalry (Armour) — Blue with white, red or orange border
  • Cavalry (Reconnaissance) — Blue with black border
  • Artillery — Black with red border
  • Engineers — Brown
  • Signals — Blue with white border
  • Logistics — Yellow (obsolete since 2010)
  • Legal Affairs — Black with white border
  • Psychological and Sociological Service — Red
  • Protestant Chaplains — Black
  • Catholic Chaplains — Blue
  • Jewish Chaplains — Black
  • Humanist Society Chaplains — Bright green
  • Hindu Chaplains — Bright blue
  • Troops in Initial Training — Red
  • Royal Military Academy Cadets — Red with yellow border
  • Physical Training Instructors — Blue
  • Technical Staff — Maroon

New Zealand

Royal New Zealand Navy -

  • Dark blue - Military police
  • Dark blue/black - All other branches

New Zealand Army -

Pre 2002 beret colours -

  • Khaki - Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery
  • Green - Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
  • Jet black - Royal New Zealand Armoured Corps
  • Royal blue - Royal New Zealand Military Police
  • Red - Regular Force Cadet School
  • Rifle green - Royal New Zealand Corps of Signals
  • Grey - Royal New Zealand Nursing Corps
  • Cypress green - New Zealand Intelligence Corps
  • Sand or ‘ecru’[30] - New Zealand Special Air Service
  • Dark blue - All other corps

Post 2002 beret colours -

  • Sand or ‘ecru’[31] - New Zealand Special Air Service
  • Dark blue - Royal New Zealand Military Police
  • Rifle green - All other corps

Royal New Zealand Air Force -

The RNZAF does not currently wear berets except for;

  • Dark blue - Military police


The Nicaraguan Armed Forces wear berets in the following colours:

Berets in Nicaraguan Army:

  • Green — Special Forces (COE)
  • Black - Generals of Staff's Protection VIP

Berets in Nicaraguan Navy:

  • Dark Blue — Special Naval Forces


  • Dark Green — Army


The Norwegian armed forces use the beret as a garrison cap, but some units (mostly armored vehicle personnel) also use it in the field. The Norwegian beret and all other headwear except those of the Navy and His Majesty The King's Guard always have the current king's cipher as a badge in gold (most of the army) or silver (the air force); currently this is a numeral 5 inside an H, for "Harald V". The navy has a crowned gold anchor for their enlisted personnel, a crowned gold anchor surrounded by a circle of rope for their petty officers, and a crowned golden anchor surrounded by leaved branches for officers. The colours used are:

The special operations units of the Navy wear the same berets as the rest of the navy. However they have a coloured patch behind the cap badge, the colour of which determines the unit:



The Paraguayan Armed Forces wear berets in the following colours:[32]

Berets in Paraguayan Army:

  • Green — Paratroopers
  • Dark Blue - Presidential Guard[33]

Berets in Paraguayan Navy:

Berets in Paraguayan Air Force:

  • Red - Air Force Infantry and Airborne personnel


Berets were widely worn by many units in the Panamanian Defense Force (PDF) under Manuel Noriega. The PDF was abolished in February 1990, and with it all of the old military units stood down. Unique beret insignia were never approved, so units authorized to wear berets wore a combination of the approved shoulder insignia, as well as rank and qualification insignia (e.g. parachutist wings) on the berets. The following were being worn at the time of the 1989 invasion:

  • Black - 7th Infantry Company "Macho de Monte"; Comando Operacional de Fuerzas Expeciales (COFFEE - Special Forces Command)
  • Maroon - Battalion 2000; 2nd Airborne Infantry Company "Puma"; 3rd Infantry Company "Diablo Rojo"
  • Lime Green - 4th Infantry Company "Urraca"
  • Camouflage - 7th Infantry Company "Macho de Monte"; Comando Operacional de Fuerzas Expeciales (Cadre)


Philippine Army
      Army greenPhilippine Army Units, Special Operations Command
Olive drabSpecial Forces
Olive greenLight Reaction Regiment
Black1st Scout Ranger Regiment, Mechanized Infantry Division, Army units assigned to the Presidential Security Group
UN BlueAFP personnel assigned to UN Peacekeeping Operations, Cadets of the Peacekeeping Operations Center
Philippine Air Force
      Dark BlueAir Force Base Security personnel
Black710th Special Operations Wing, Air Force units assigned to the Presidential Security Group


Black berets were introduced before World War II for tank and armoured car crews. During World War II, berets were widely adopted in the Polish Army on the Western Front, armored troops - black, airborne - grey, commando - green. After the war in the communist era, berets were worn only by armoured units (black), navy for field and work uniform (black), paratroopers (maroon), and marines (light blue). After 1990, the beret became the standard headgear in the Armed Forces of Republic of Poland. Around the year 2000 the design of the Polish Army Beret changed, the beret sewn together from three pieces of material with four air holes, two at each side was changed to a smaller beret molded from one piece of material with no air holes. The following colours are in use:

      BlackArmored troops, Navy, Military Unit Formoza (for field and work uniform)
Blue7th Coastal Defense Brigade, Peacekeeping Missions Training Center
BrownTerritorial Defence (discontinued)
Olive GreenTerritorial Defence (present)
GreenArmy general use
Dark GreenSpecial Forces Command
Light GreyMilitary Unit GROM (JW GROM)
Steel GreyAir Force (no longer in use, replaced by camouflage side cap)
Scarlet RedMilitary Police

Berets in other ministries:

      BlackBorder Guards Naval Units, Firefighters (for service dress)
Light GreenBorder Guards (no longer in use, replaced by camouflage cap)
Steel GreyBorder Guards Air Units
SapphireGovernment Protection Bureau (no longer in use) and the Ministry of Internal Affairs' Troops (disbanded)
Navy BluePolice anti-terrorist units (SPAP)

The black beret is also the distinctive headgear of World War II veterans, particularly Armia Krajowa veterans.

The dress code of the Polish armed forces states than when not worn on the head or kept in a locker the beret should be placed under the left shoulder loop. This practice was discontinued due to introducing new field uniform (wz. 2010) with rank insignia placed on chest.


The beret was first introduced in the Portuguese Armed Forces in 1956, when the Air Force Paratroopers adopted the green beret. The Portuguese Army adopted the brown beret for its Caçadores Especiais special forces in 1960, generalizing its wear to all units in 1962.

The following colors of berets were or are still worn by the Portuguese Military and Paramilitary forces:

BrownCaçadores Especiais in 1960-1962; Army general use since 1962
BlackCavalry branch and Military Police since 1962; Provincial organization of volunteers and civil defence until 1975
RedCommandos (worn unofficially by some units since 1966 and officially since 1974)
Moss greenSpecial Operations Forces
BlueNavy general use
Dark blueMarines
Light blueAir Force Police
Dark greenNational Republican Guard (GNR) general use since 2013
YellowSpecial Groups of Mozambique until 1975
MaroonParatrooper Special Groups until 1975
CamouflageGuinea 3rd and 5th Commando and native caçadores companies (unofficial) in 1966-1968, Flechas until 1975
WhiteVolunteer Aerial Formations until 1975
TanGIPS (GNR rescue unit) until 2013 (still worn unofficially since then)
UN bluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions


Zimbabwe-Rhodesia made changes to the army in 1979 and shortly after Zimbabwe disbanded all the regiments Rhodesian Security Forces in favour of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces in 1979-1981.

Up to this point the Security Forces wore the beret as the primary working dress and service dress headgear. Like most countries formerly associated with the British Empire, Berets were coloured according to unit or service branch, with a distinctive regimental cap badge pinned above the left eye. The Rhodesian Security Forces were integrated into the new Zimbabwe Defence Forces in 1980.

Rhodesia introduced the brown beret as a new colour for specialist berets, for use of the Selous Scouts, which has since been used for specialist units in the Finnish and Brazilian forces, and with the New Zealand SAS

Rhodesian beret colours were as follows:

Colour Wearer
      Grey Grey Scouts
Brown Selous Scouts
Black Rhodesian Armoured Corps
Maroon Medical Corps
Beige Special Air Service
Scarlet Internal Affairs Ministry and the Rhodesian Military Police
Green Most infantry regiments, including the Rhodesian Regiment and the Rhodesian African Rifles
Tartan Green Rhodesian Light Infantry (from 1964, when they were designated a commando regiment)
Dark blue Generic - worn by all other units of the Army
Blue Grey Rhodesian Air Force
Bright Blue Psychological Operations

Like the United Kingdom, Rhodesia also used flashes and hackles behind cap badges on their berets as well such as:

  • The blue, yellow and red shield on the medical corps beret.
  • The blue diamond flash on the military police beret
  • The red outline of the Rhodesian Artillery beret
  • The red tombstone of the Grey Scouts beret
  • The red diamond hacking of the Rhodesian Regiment beret (similar to that of the KRRC)
  • The Blue and Red hackle of the 4th Battalion Rhodesian Regiment Beret.


      BlackAnti-air Artillery and Missiles, Artillery, Military Automobile Troops (automobilişti militari), Tanks, Communication and Informatics structures, Engineers, Nuclear Biological and Chemical (NBC) Defense and Naval Forces
GreenMountain Troops (or Mountain Hunters, Vânători de Munte), Special Operations Forces
Dark BlueMilitary Justice, Romanian Gendarmerie (Jandarmeria Română)
RedMilitary Music
Dark red (bordeaux red)Military Medicine
VioletMilitary Logistics, or administration (intendenţă)
Light GreyMilitary Police
Light BlueAir Force and Radar Troops (radiolocaţie)
Dark brownInfantry

Russian Federation

In the Soviet Union berets were worn only by:

      BlackNaval infantry, tank troops (only for coveralls), OMON special militia units
Sky blueAirborne troops
RaspberryAirborne troops (till 1969, unofficially from 1963 with jump uniform only)
Green103rd Airborne Division (while subordinate to Border Guards in 1989-91)
Rust red (orig. Krapovyi)MVD special troops (from end of the 1980s)
BlueNavy (WMF) - as a part of working and technical uniform for enlisted and petty officers (officially matrosy i starshiny in Russian)

During this period berets were also worn by female personnel of the Armed Forces for everyday and parade uniform. The colour of the beret corresponded with that of the main uniform (e.g. Army and Air Force everyday uniform - olive, Navy uniform - navy blue or white, Army parade uniform - sea green, Air Force parade uniform - dark blue).

The Soviet-era beret color scheme detailed above (e.g. for airborne troops and naval infantry) remained in effect in post-1991 Russia. In the late 1990s the Russian Ministry of Extreme Situations introduced orange berets for its own troops.

In 2011 the Russian defence ministry authorised the wearing of berets by all non-naval military personnel as part of their field uniforms.

The current beret colour scheme is:

      BlackNaval Infantry (Russia), OMON and SOBR units of the National Guard of Russia, FSB counter-terrorist units
Sky blueRussian Airborne Troops general issue berets, Spetznaz units of the Russian Ground Forces (will often wear headwear of other units in the field to avoid identification)
Cornflower blueSpecial units of Federal Security Service, Federal Protective Service and Presidential Regiment
Light greenBorder Guard Service of Russia
Dark greenArmed Forces reconnaissance units - soldiers are allowed to wear this beret after passing special tests
OliveRussian Ground Forces standard beret, Strategic Missile Troops, Russian Aerospace Defence Forces, Russian Air Force, Russian Railway Troops
OrangeMinistry of Emergency Situations general issue berets
Rust red (orig. Krapovyi)604th Special Purpose Center, 7th OSN, 19th OSN of the National Guard Forces Command Spetsnaz - soldiers are allowed to wear this beret after passing special tests
Bright redMilitary Police (since 2010), Young Army Cadets National Movement

Saudi Arabia

Armed Forces of Saudi Arabia
ColourWorn by[34]
      Olive GreenRoyal Saudi Land Forces
Dark BlueRoyal Saudi Air Force
BlackRoyal Saudi Navy
Dark GreenRoyal Saudi Air Defense
RedMilitary Police of the Armed Forces of Saudi Arabia
MaroonParatroopers Units and Special Security Forces


  • Tan/sand - Bataillon de Parachutistes (Army Parachute Battalion)
  • Brown - Bataillon de Commandos (Army Commando Battalion)
  • Black - Detachment Forces Speciales (Special Forces Detachment)
  • Orange - Groupement Mobil d'Intervention (Mobile Intervention Group)
  • Blue - Legion de Gendarmerie d'Intervention (Gendarmerie Intervention Unit)
  • Green - Compagnie Fusilier de Marine Comandos (COFUMACO)(Navy Marine Commandos)


The Serbian Armed Forces was wearing berets in the following colours:

  • Green — Army
  • Black — Military Police
  • Maroon — Special Forces
  • Steel blue — Air Force
  • Navy blue — Navy

With introduction of new M10 uniform and new regulations, berets are being replaced with garrison caps, remaining only with some branches worn in the following colours:

  • Black — Military Police and Counter-terrorist units
  • Maroon — Special Forces
  • Light blue - Guard


The Singapore Armed and Police Forces adopts the beret as their standard headgear. The different color divisions are as follows:

      Olive GreenInfantry Regiment (Previously Dark Green)
BlackArmoured Regiment
Red (Crimson)Commandos
Red (Burgundy)Police Tactical Unit
Dark BlueSignals Formation, Artillery, Combat Engineers, Medical Corps, Transport and Logistics, Military Police, SAF Volunteer Corps, Navy, Singapore Police Force, Police Gurkha Contingent
Air Force Blue (Bluish Grey)Air Force
Light GreyPublic Transport Security Command
UN BlueUN Peacekeeping Force
CreamProtective Security Command

The berets are all adorned with the Singapore Armed Forces coat of arms, with the exception of the Air Force beret, Military Police beret, navy beret and police beret which are adorned with their respective cap-badge. Officers in the navy have a different cap-badge from the enlisted men. Officers of the rank of colonel and above have a different cap-badge.

  • National Cadet Corps (Land)- Green
  • National Cadet Corps (Air)- Blue
  • National Cadet Corps (Sea)- Black
  • National Police Cadet Corps- Dark Blue
  • National Civil Defence Cadet Corps- Black

All berets have the National Cadet Corps, National Police Cadet Corps or National Civil Defence Cadet Corps crest on the front.


      Blacktank forces, army air defense
Greenunits of high readiness, immediately reaction battalion
Dark Bluemilitary police
Maroonparatrooper units,5.regiment of special assignment(airborne)
UN BluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions


  • Rifle Green - Special forces
  • Green — Military Police
  • Olive green - Signal units
  • Black - Armour units
  • Maroon - motorised infantry/Paratroopers
  • Dark blue — Navy units
  • Light blue — Air force
  • Grey - Mountain units
  • Sand - NBC units
  • Red - Guard unit


The Somali Armed Forces has the beret has the standard headgear since its inception in 1960. Each function within the security forces of Somalia has a unique colour.

      BlackLogistics (Army), Navy
RedPresidential Guard
SlateNational Intelligence and Security Agency Special Forces
GreenCustodial Corps
NavyAir Force
MaroonGeneral Issue
Sky blueTURKSOM candidates and graduates

South Africa

The South African Army wears the beret as its standard headgear. The different color divisions are as follows:

      BlackArmour, Intelligence
Dark GreenInfantry
RedMilitary Police
Dark BlueArtillery
Light blueLogistics
OliveMunnitions Corps
Light MaroonMilitary Health Services
BeigeSignal Corps
PurpleChaplain Corps
OrangeHuman Resources, Mechanics
MaroonParachute Infantry, Special Forces
UN bluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on international peacekeeping missions

The berets are all adorned with the unit's insignia. Some of the traditional units wear other headgear - for example, the Cape Town Highlanders Regiment and the band of the South African Military Health Service.

Outside of Army, the South African Military Health Service wear light maroon berets. The South African Special Forces Brigade which is a separate entity, not part of the army, also wear the Maroon beret which is traditional for elite units in the western world.

South Korea

Berets are worn by members of the Republic of Korea Army and some elite units of the South Korean Military, including:

Other than these units, several secret commando units (mostly disbanded in the mid-1990s, among them the "Unit 684" which became infamous for its mutiny) formed to infiltrate North Korea during the Cold War days wore black berets and adorned them with the badges of individual units. Korean liaison soldiers serving in the U.S. Eighth Army (KATUSA) have also been wearing black berets along with American uniforms since that beret became a standard headgear of the U.S. Army in 2001.

South Vietnam

American advisers assigned to these units wore the berets.[35]

  • Red — Paratroopers
  • Green — Marines, LLDB
  • Maroon — Rangers
  • Black — Navy Junk Force
  • Black — Palace guards
  • Tan — political officers


The beret is used in the various armed forces of Spain. The colours used are:[36]

      BlackAirborne Brigade (BRIPAC), Mechanized Division "Brunete", Air Force Police.
Maroon1st King's Immemorial Infantry Regiment of AHQ.
Royal BlueRoyal Guard, Army Helicopters (FAMET).
Ash GreyCiberdefence Joint Command.[37]
MustardMilitary Emergencies Unit (UME).
RedGeneral Military Academy
GreenMountain Brigade (Jefatura de Tropas de Montaña).
Dark GreenSpecial Operations units (MOE, UOE, EZAPAC).
OliveSpanish Army general issue berets.
BrownMilitary Police.
TanBRILCAN (Brigada de Infantería Ligera Canarias XVI).
GreyBRILAT (Brigada de Infantería Ligera Galicia VII).

Sri Lanka

  • Maroon — Army Commando Regiment
  • Black — Sri Lanka Armoured Corps, Army Special Forces Regiment, Navy Special Boat Squadron, Air Force Regiment Special Force
  • Commando Green - , Sri Lanka Sinha Regiment, Mechanized Infantry Regiment, Military Intelligence Corps, Sri Lanka Army Women Corps, Sri Lanka Rifle Corps, Special Task Force
  • Green - Gajaba Regiment (Infantry)
  • Blue - Vijayabahu Infantry Regiment, The Gemunu Watch (Infantry) & All Other Ranks of Artillery, Engineers, Signals, Light Infantry & all Service Corps
  • Khaki - All Officers of Sri Lanka Artillery, Corps of Engineers, Corps of Signals, Light Infantry, Service Corps, Corps Engineer Services, General Service Corps, Electrical & Mechanical Engineers, Sri Lanka National Guard, Sri Lanka Army Pioneer Corps
  • Red - Military Police
  • Dark Blue - Sri Lanka Air Force


The beret is used in the various armed forces of Sweden. The colours used are:[38]

      Dark blueGenerals in the army and amphibious corps, all other military units not assigned another beret color, except for the navy
BlackLife Guard Regiment (Infantry), Armored/mechanized Regiments, Land Warfare Center.
Rifle greenLife Guard Regiment (Cavalry), Air-mobile Battalion (LBB), ISTAR Battalion, Army Ranger Battalion, Lapland Ranger Regiment (Disbanded), Armed Forces Intelligence and Security Center, Life Guard Regiment (Military Police), Swedish Air Force Rangers
Commando greenAmphibious Corps
MaroonParachute Ranger
KhakiHome Guard
ScarletLife Guard Regiment (Musicians)
Bright blueArmed Forces Helicopter Wing
Olive greenSpecial Operations Group (SOG) (Special Forces)
UN blueMilitary personnel in UN-service
YellowEU monitors etc.


The beret is worn by all police and military personal.

  • Maroon - Paratroops
  • Pink - special police


Since 1995, when it replaced the grey side cap, the beret is worn with the dress uniform and with the personally issued battle dress uniform by all Swiss soldiers. In training, a black beret (without insignia) is worn by mechanised units, otherwise a camouflage-coloured field cap is worn instead.

The colours used are:[39]

  • Black — armoured and mechanised units; signals and headquarters troops; NBC specialists; intelligence, military justice and general staff personnel
  • Green — infantry, musicians
  • Red — artillery
  • Deep blue — Air Force (including paratroopers)
  • Blue — medical personnel
  • Dark red — logistics troops
  • Grey — military police
  • Light blue — troops on UN missions
  • Tan (Sand) - Special Operation Forces


The beret is used in the various armed forces of Thailand. The colours used are:

  • Maroon — Airborne units, 1st Special Warfare Division, 31st Ranger Regiment
  • Khaki green — Army Reserve Force Students
  • Black — all other Army units, Air Force, Thahan Phran, Airborne Police units, Border Patrol Police (BPP)
  • Camouflage — Royal Thai Marine Corps and Navy SEALs
  • Navy Blue - Volunteer Defense Corps (VDC) Part of Department Of Provincial Administration (DOPA), Ministry of Interior

The black beret is also worn by ordinary police in certain situations.


The beret colours worn by the Togolese Army are as follows:

  • Black — Armoured Corps.
  • Maroon — Para-Commando Regiment.
  • Green — Presidential Guard Commando Regiment.
  • Dark Blue - All other Arms and Corps


The beret is used in the various armed forces of Turkey. The colours used are:[34]

United Arab Emirates

The Armed Forces of the UAE and National Service use berets with distinct colours to display the specific branch of the armed forces. All berets displays the United Arab Emirates Armed Forces emblem.[40]

Emirati military personnel may also choose to wear military camo coloured ghutra in a turban fashion in keeping with traditional Arabic attire.

The colours are as follows:

      BlueUnited Arab Emirates Navy
GreenMilitary recruit
RedMilitary police
Sky BlueUnited Arab Emirates Air Force
MaroonPresidential Guard
TanUnited Arab Emirates Army and Medical Corps.

United Kingdom

The British Army beret dates back to 1918 when the French 70th Chasseurs alpins were training with the British Tank Corps. The Chasseurs alpins wore a distinctive large beret (see above) and Major-General Sir Hugh Elles, the TC's Colonel, realised this style of headdress would be a practical option for his tank crews, forced to work in a reduced space. He thought, however, that the Chasseur beret was "too sloppy" and the Basque-style beret of the French tank crews was "too skimpy", so a compromise based on the Scottish tam o'shanter was designed and submitted for the approval of George V in November 1923. It was adopted in March 1924.

During the Second World War, the use of the black beret was extended to all the regiments of the Royal Armoured Corps in 1940. The maroon beret was adopted by the Parachute Regiment in 1941 and the green beret by the Commandos in late 1942. A khaki beret was worn by the Reconnaissance Corps from 1941 until 1944,[41] and the Royal Air Force Regiment adopted a blue-grey beret in 1943.[42] Later in the war, a rather baggier beret-like hat, called the General Service Cap, was issued to all ranks of the British Army (with RAC, parachute, commando, Scottish and Irish units excepted), to replace the earlier Field Service Cap. The GS Cap was not popular, and after the war was replaced with a true beret.[43]

Today, every British military unit wears a beret, with the exception of the Royal Regiment of Scotland and Royal Irish Regiment, who wear the tam o'shanter and the caubeen respectively (the Scots Guards and Irish Guards, however, wear berets, as frequently do the Royal Irish Regiment on operations). Many of these berets are in distinctive colours and all are worn with the cap badge of the service, regiment or corps. The cap badge for all services in the UK is usually worn directly over the left eye.

Beret Colours

The colours are as follows:

      KhakiFoot Guards, Honourable Artillery Company, Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment, Royal Anglian Regiment, Royal Gibraltar Regiment, Duke of Lancaster's Regiment, Royal Welsh, Yorkshire Regiment, Mercian Regiment, 4/73 (Sphinx) Special OP Battery Royal Artillery[44]
Light greyRoyal Scots Dragoon Guards
Dark greyQueen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps
BrownKing's Royal Hussars, Royal Wessex Yeomanry
BlackRoyal Tank Regiment, C&S (Westminster Dragoons) Squadron, Royal Yeomanry
Rifle greenThe Rifles, Royal Gurkha Rifles, Small Arms School Corps, 36 (Essex Yeomanry) Signal Squadron
MaroonParachute Regiment, All ranks serving with 16 Air Assault Brigade
BeigeSpecial Air Service including attached troops who are not SAS-qualified (a white beret was briefly worn on formation of the regiment in 1942 and a maroon beret from 1944 to 1956)
Emerald greySpecial Reconnaissance Regiment
Cambridge blueArmy Air Corps, 47 Regiment Royal Artillery[45][46]
Cypress greenIntelligence Corps
ScarletRoyal Military Police
GreenAdjutant General's Corps (except Royal Military Police, who wear scarlet; Army Legal Services Branch, who wear black; and Military Provost Guard Service, and Educational and Training Services branch, who wear navy blue), Military Provost Guard Service
Dark blueGeneric: worn by all other Army units (except Scottish and Irish line infantry regiments), Royal Navy, Royal Marines who are not yet commando-qualified (and who wear the Royal Marines capbadge with red backing), Sea Cadet Corps
Commando greenCommando-qualified Royal Marines, Commando-qualified personnel of all services serving in 3 Commando Brigade, Special Boat Service
RAF blue greyRoyal Air Force (including RAF Regiment), Air Cadets (Combined Cadet Force and Air Training Corps[47])
UN BluePersonnel serving with the United Nations on peacekeeping missions

General rule for wearing a British Army berets taught at training depots is to shape the head dress back and to the right for the material and to have the leather band level around the head with the cap badge two fingers above the left eye. Scottish Infantry have different rules for the Tamo'shanter with the cap badge worn on the left side of the head.

Other Adornments

Some Regiments and Corps wear a coloured backing behind the capbadge. These include:

The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, the only remaining independent fusilier regiment, wears a feather hackle on the beret. Other ranks of the Royal Welsh also wear hackles.

Members of the Royal Tank Regiment, 4/73 (Sphinx) Special OP Battery Royal Artillery,[48] Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, Army Air Corps, Parachute Regiment, SAS and Intelligence Corps wear berets in Nos 1, 2, 3 and 6, Dress. Other English and Welsh Regiments and Corps wear peaked caps in these orders of dress.[49] Troops from other services, regiments or corps on attachment to units with distinctive coloured berets often wear those berets (with their own cap badge). Colonels, brigadiers and generals usually continue to wear the beret of the regiment or corps to which they used to belong with the cap badge distinctive to their rank.

Old Units

Former regiments and corps, now amalgamated:

United States

Army Special Forces Soldiers wearing their green berets at remembrance ceremony
1st Security Force Assistance Brigade (SFAB) wearing their brown berets at activation ceremony
Army Sergeant wearing the standard black beret
Army Ranger with tan beret
Army Paratrooper with maroon beret at an Army Birthday celebration
Air Force SERE instructor with sage green beret instructing students
Air Force Special Tactics Officer and TACP NCO wear their scarlet and black berets, respectively
Air Force Security Forces Airman with dark blue beret on guard
Air Force Combat Aviation Advisors with brown berets at beret downing ceremony
Air Force Pararescueman wearing his maroon beret
Air Force SOWT wearing gray beret

Berets were originally worn by select forces in the United States Army. The first were worn during World War II, when a battalion of the 509th Parachute Infantry Regiment were presented maroon berets by their British counterparts.[50] Though unofficial at first, the green beret of the US Army Special Forces was formally adopted in 1961. Maroon airborne and black US Army Ranger berets were formally authorized in the 1970s.

"D" Troop 17th Cavalry were authorized a maroon beret in Vietnam.[51]

After the Vietnam War, morale in the US Army waned. In response, from 1973 through 1979 HQDA permitted local commanders to encourage morale-enhancing uniform distinctions, however these distinctions were only allowed to be worn on the post. Consequently, many units embraced various colored berets, for example Armor and Armored Cavalry units often adopted the black beret. Similarly many other units embraced various colored berets in an attempt to improve dwindling morale. In particular, the First Cavalry Division assigned various colored berets to its three pronged TRICAP approach. In this implementation, Armored Cavalry, Airmobile Infantry units, Air Cavalry units, Division Artillery units, and Division Support units all wore different colored berets, including black, light blue, kelly green, and red. The 101st Airborne Division was authorised a dark blue beret.

In 1975 all female soldiers of the Women's Army Corps were authorized to wear a black beret variant as standard headgear for the service uniform.[52]

In 1975 the 172nd Light Infantry Brigade at Fort Richardson & Fort Wainwright, Alaska wore Olive Drab Berets.

In 2001, Army Chief of Staff Eric Shinseki ordered the black beret worn as standard headgear army-wide, a controversial decision because it was previously reserved for the Rangers. The Rangers were then authorized to wear a tan beret, exclusive to them. The decision was implemented in hopes of boosting morale among conventional units. However, many soldiers began complaining that the new black beret was not practical with the utility uniform. In June 2011, Army Secretary John McHugh, acting on the recommendations made by Chief of Staff Martin Dempsey and Sergeant Major of the Army Raymond F. Chandler, once again chose the traditional patrol cap to be worn with the utility uniform. The black beret may be authorized with utility uniforms at commander's discretion for special ceremonies. The beret remains part of the Army's dress uniform for all units.

United States Army berets now use the following distinctive colors:

US Army
      Rifle greenSpecial Forces qualified soldiers assigned to U.S. Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) units
TanSoldiers assigned to the 75th Ranger Regiment and Ranger Training Brigade
MaroonSoldiers assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division, 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team, 4th Brigade Combat Team (Airborne), 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne), and non-SF qualified soldier attached to USASOC units
BrownSoldiers assigned to one of the Security Force Assistance Brigades
BlackWorn by all soldiers with Army Service Uniform as standard headgear. The patrol cap is the standard headgear with utility uniforms such as the ACUs; however, the black beret may be authorized with utility uniforms at commander's discretion.[53]

Special Forces, Ranger, and Airborne unit berets sport distinctive organizational flashes. All other units use a standard pale blue flash bordered with 13 white stars. Officers wear their rank insignia within the flash, while enlisted ranks wear their distinctive unit insignia.

US Air Force
      BlackTactical Air Control Party (TACP), Air Liaison Officers (ALO), and Air Mobility Liaison Officers (AMLO)
MaroonCombat Rescue Officers, Pararescuemen
ScarletSpecial Tactics Officers, Combat Controllers
Pewter GreySpecial Reconnaissance (SR)
Dark BlueSecurity Forces, United States Air Force Academy First-Class Cadets & Basic Cadet Training cadre
Sage GreenSurvival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape (SERE) Specialists
BrownAirmen assigned to units designated as Combat Aviation Advisors[54]

In the United States Navy, female officers and sailors were allowed to wear black berets instead of a combination hat or garrison cap while in service uniforms until 2016. The black berets were phased out in October of that year due to a lack of widespread use and a desire by the U.S. Navy to make its uniforms more unisex in appearance. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Navy created special boat teams, unofficially dubbed the brown-water navy, to patrol coastlines, estuaries and rivers. Naval personnel assigned to these teams wore black berets as part of their uniform, as portrayed in the movie Apocalypse Now.[55] U.S. Navy SEAL teams serving in Vietnam wore camouflage berets in the field, the only beret somewhat standardized in the SEALs.


  • Grey - Army 14th Parachute Battalion
  • Black - Police Coraceros Regiment
  • Green - Army 13th Armor Battalion (Combined Arms)

Vatican State

The Pontifical Swiss Guard wears large black berets.


Berets are worn by some units in the Venezuelan National Armed Forces, with distinctive colors for some units or functions. The beret colours are as follows:

Venezuelan Army
      blackVenezuelan Army general issue berets; included, the comandos (Army special forces units).
greenArmy Counter-insurgency troops (caribes).
red311th Infantry Battalion "Simon Bolivar" (Army). Wears the red beret as the first and oldest active infantry battalion of the Army.
red42nd Airborne Brigade (Army).
dark blueArmy Headquarters and Security Group (Lieutenant General Daniel Florencio O´Leary Headquarters Battalion).
Venezuelan Navy
      blackVenezuelan Marine Corps general issue berets (since 2009).
Venezuelan Air Force
      blueVenezuelan Air Force Infantry units (Infantería Aérea) and Air Force Police personnel.
black20nd Special Forces Group (since 2016).[56][57][58]
Venezuelan National Guard
      maroonVenezuelan National Guard general issue berets.
Berets in inter-service units
      redPresidential Honor Guard Brigade (armed forces joint unit).
redArmed Forces General Headquarters (Minister Of Defence troops (Caracas Battalion), armed forces joint unit).

Note: Before the conversion to the red berets, the Caracas Battalion wore dark blue berets similar to those used by the O'Leary Battalion.

Note: Bolivarian National Police general issue red berets (since 2017).


Berets used by the Vietnam Coast Guard and the Vietnam People's Navy are:

  • Blue - Enlisted Seamen
  • Black - Officers and NCOs
  • Dark Blue - Marine Commandos and Naval Infantrymen

During the celebration of the 40th Reunification Day, the People's Army of Vietnam presented new models of berets:

  • Green and camouflaged berets are worn by Infantry Reconnaissance troopers and Ground Commandos respectively.
  • Red berets are worn by Airborne Forces.

Army's servicemen served within the United Nations will bear the UN blue beret


  • Black - Armoured troops
  • Green – Zambia rifles (Infantry)
  • Maroon - Paracommando
  • Scarlet - Military police
  • Dark Blue - worn by all other Army units
  • Khaki - colonels and general officers with combat uniform
  • Grey-blue - Air Force personnel
  • Khaki-Black – Zambia National Service personnel


  • Green — Infantry
  • Black — Armoured Regiment
  • Maroon — Parachute Battalion
  • Tartan Green - Commando Battalion
  • Tan - Special Air Service
  • Yellow — Presidential Guard
  • Cherry Red — Military Police
  • Blue-gray — Zimbabwe Air Force
  • Dark Blue — All other units

International forces

United Nations

Multinational Force and Observers

African Union

  • Lime or light green: African Union (AU) peacekeeping forces wear a lime or light green beret. AU troops were recently seen wearing the green berets in Sudan but only for a short while. The AU peacekeeping forces were later turned over to UN administration and swapped out their green berets for UN light blue ones.[59]

See also

  • Uniform beret, for the use of berets as uniform headgear outside the military

Military berets by color:


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