Military bands of the Bundeswehr

There are 14 military bands of the Bundeswehr, including those of the German Army, Air Force, Navy, and joint bands. Before 2009, the military musicians of the Bundeswehr constituted a joint specialist service, the Military Music Service (German: Militärmusikdienst), subordinate to the Armed Forces Office (German: Streitkräfteamt). In 2009, as part of a larger reorganisation of the Bundeswehr, the organization of the Military Music Service was replaced by the new Military Music Center of the Bundeswehr (German: Zentrum Militärmusik der Bundeswehr) in Bonn, and several bands were disbanded. The bands of the Bundeswehr provide music for official ceremonies such as the Großer Zapfenstreich and the swearing-in of new recruits. In addition to their traditional military music repertoire, they perform concert band and light music, as well as genres such as jazz, rock, and pop.

Structure

The professional management of all the military bands of the Bundeswehr lies with the director of the Military Music Center of the Bundeswehr. Since 2001, Colonel Dr. Michael Schramm has held this position. The individual bands may be subject to military divisions or regional commands as well.

Joint bands

There are four joint service bands in the Bundeswehr that are part of the Armed Forces Office, a component of the Joint Support Service. There also are two bands associated with military districts, which used to be Army bands. Although these bands primarily use German Army uniforms, they are not officially subordinate to the Army.

InsigniaNameLocationDate establishedNotes
Staff Band of the Bundeswehr
Stabsmusikkorps der Bundeswehr
Berlin1 April 1991Part of the Berlin Garrison Command, responsible for protocol in Berlin
Bonn Band of the Bundeswehr
Musikkorps der Bundeswehr
Siegburg16 February 1957Tours within Germany and internationally, and responsible for protocol in the Bonn area
Big Band of the Bundeswehr
Big Band der Bundeswehr
Euskirchen29 March 1971Big band ensemble
Training Band of the Bundeswehr
Ausbildungsmusikkorps der Bundeswehr
Hilden1999Responsible for training new musicians; planned to be moved to Düsseldorf
Army Band Neubrandenburg
Heeresmusikkorps Neubrandenburg
Neubrandenburg1 April 1991Established as Army Band 80, later Army Band 14, and Military District Band I
Mountain Band of the Bundeswehr
Gebirgsmusikkorps der Bundeswehr
Garmisch-Partenkirchen1 July 1956Established as the band of the 1st Mountain Division, now associated with Military District IV

Army

InsigniaNameLocationDate establishedNotes
Army Band Hannover
Heeresmusikkorps Hannover
Hannover1 July 1956Established as Musikkorps II A, later Army Band 1; associated with the 1st Panzer Division
Army Band Kassel
Heeresmusikkorps Kassel
Kassel1 July 1956Established as Musikkorps IV A, later Army Band 2
Army Band Koblenz
Heeresmusikkorps Koblenz
Koblenz1 July 1956Established as Musikkorps IV B, later Army Band 300
Army Band Veitshöchheim
Heeresmusikkorps Veitshöchheim
Veitshöchheim1 May 1962Formed as Air Force Band 5, later Army Band 13, and Army Band 12
Army Band Ulm
Heeresmusikkorps Ulm
Ulm1 July 1956Established as Musikkorps V B, later Army Band 10

In addition to the professional Army bands, there are several amateur marching bands made up of reservists.

Air Force

InsigniaNameLocationDate establishedNotes
Air Force Band Münster
Luftwaffenmusikkorps Münster
Münster11 July 1956Established as Air Force Band 1, later Air Force Band 3; in March 2014 the other three air force bands were merged with it
Air Force Band Erfurt
Luftwaffenmusikkorps Erfurt
Erfurt15 March 1991Established as Army Band 70, later Military District Band III
InsigniaNameLocationDate establishedNotes
Navy Band Kiel
Marinemusikkorps Kiel
Kiel1956Previously Navy Band Baltic Sea, before it was merged with Navy Band North Sea in March 2014
Navy Band Wilhelmshaven
Marinemusikkorps Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven2019It will be officially established in October 2019 as the direct successor to Navy Band North Sea, which was disestablished in March 2014.[1][2]

History

While the formation of the Bundeswehr was being prepared in the 1950s, then-Chancellor Konrad Adenauer is said to have placed great importance on the formation of military bands. He demanded at least one band be formed during the Bundeswehr's first year of existence; and, indeed, six bands were formed. The first band of the Bundeswehr was established on 2 January 1956, Musikkorps III A in Andernach (later Army Band 7). The bands of the Bundewehr have gone through many phases of reduction, growth and change since then. For some time each Army division had its own band (some of these bands, like the Gebirgsmusikkorps, survive today in some form), and the Navy and Air Force have had more than their current one or two bands for most of their history. These serve as the link of the armed forces to the long years of the German military music tradition.

Personnel

The enlisted personnel of Bundeswehr bands are drawn from those who initially volunteer for two years of service in the Bundeswehr (and formerly conscripts). Unteroffiziere (junior NCOs) used to be allowed to enlist for a minimum of four years. Feldwebel (senior NCOs) enlist for a minimum of twelve years of service, including a four-year undergraduate degree in music at the Robert Schumann Hochschule. Commissioned officers earn a Diplom degree as Kapellmeisters and commit to a minimum of fifteen years of service. Senior NCOs and commissioned officers go through their advanced training as members of the Training Band of the Bundeswehr.

In the case of war, military musicians will serve in the Joint Medical Service. In addition to musical training, every musician receives some form of medical training, including study at the Medical Academy of the Bundeswehr (German: Sanitätsakademie der Bundeswehr) for senior personnel.

References

  • "Militärmusikdienst der Bundeswehr in neuer Struktur" (in German). Blasmusik.de. 19 September 2009. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  • "Musik bei Bundeswehr, Bundespolizei, Polizei und Zivildienst". Musik-Almanach (in German). Regensburg: Deutscher Musikrat: 820–823. 2006.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.