Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army)

The Military Intelligence Corps is the intelligence branch of the United States Army. The primary mission of military intelligence in the United States Army is to provide timely, relevant, accurate, and synchronized intelligence and electronic warfare support to tactical, operational and strategic-level commanders. The Army's intelligence components produce intelligence both for Army use and for sharing across the national intelligence community.[1]

Military Intelligence Corps
CountryUnited States
BranchU.S. Army
TypeMilitary intelligence
Garrison/HQINSCOMFort Belvoir, VA
Motto(s)Always Out Front
March"Freedom on Parade"
EngagementsAmerican Civil War
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
U.S. Army Deputy Chief of Staff (G2—Intelligence)LTG Scott D. Berrier
Commander (INSCOM)MG Gary W. Johnston
Branch insignia
Branch plaque
Regimental coat of arms


Intelligence personnel were a part of the Continental Army since its initial founding in 1775.

In 1776, General George Washington commissioned the first intelligence unit. Knowlton's Rangers, named after its leader Colonel Thomas Knowlton, became the first organized elite force, a predecessor to modern special operations forces units such as the Army Rangers, Delta Force, and others. The "1776" on the United States Army Intelligence Service seal refers to the formation of Knowlton's Rangers.

In January 1863, Major General Joseph Hooker established the Bureau of Military Information for the Union Army during the Civil War, headed by George H. Sharpe. Allan Pinkerton and Lafayette C. Baker handled similar operations for their respective regional commanders. All of those operations were shut down at the end of the Civil War in 1865.[2]

In 1885, the Army established the Military Intelligence Division. In 1903, it was placed under the new general staff in an elevated position.[3]

In March 1942, the Military Intelligence Division was reorganized as the Military Intelligence Service. Originally consisting of just 26 people, 16 of them officers, it was quickly expanded to include 342 officers and 1,000 enlisted personnel and civilians. It was tasked with collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence. Initially it included:

  • an Administrative Group
  • an Intelligence Group
  • a Counter-intelligence Group
  • an Operations Group

In May 1942, Alfred McCormack established the Special Branch of the Military Intelligence Service, which specialized in communications intelligence.

On January 1, 1942, the U.S. Army Corps of Intelligence Police, founded in World War I, was re-designated as the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps. In 1945, the Special Branch became the Army Security Agency.

On 1 July 1962, the Army Intelligence and Security Branch was established as a basic Army branch to meet the increased need for national and tactical intelligence.[4]

It was in July 1967, that a number of intelligence and security organizations were combined to form the military intelligence branch.[5][6][7] In 1977 they eventually recombined with the Army Intelligence Agency and Army Security Agency to become the US Army Intelligence and Security Command.

In 1971, the United States Army Intelligence Center was established at Fort Huachuca, Arizona as the home of the military intelligence branch. On 1 July 1987 the Military Intelligence Corps was activated as a regiment under the U.S. Army Regimental System.[8] All United States Army Military Intelligence personnel are members of the Military Intelligence Corps.


Approximately 28,000 military personnel and 3,800 civilian personnel are assigned to intelligence duties, comprising the Military Intelligence Corps. Some of the key components include:

Name Insignia Function Garrison
Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence (G-2) As the Army's Chief Intelligence Officer, the responsibilities of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence include policy formulation, planning, programming, budgeting, management, staff supervision, evaluation, and oversight for intelligence activities, as well as overall coordination of the major intelligence disciplines. Ft Belvoir
U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) INSCOM is the U.S. Army's major intelligence command. Ft Belvoir
U.S. Army Military Intelligence Readiness Command (MIRC) MIRC is the U.S. Army Reserve's intelligence command. Ft Belvoir
U.S. Army Intelligence Center of Excellence (USAICoE) USAICoE is the U.S. Army's school for professional training of military intelligence personnel. Fort Huachuca

Major military intelligence units

Name Insignia Supports Garrison
1st Information Operations Command (Land)
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment
  • 1st Battalion
  • 2nd Battalion
  • Army Reserve Element (ARE)
United States Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER) Fort Belvoir
58th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 1st Squadron, 158th Cavalry Regiment
  • 629th Network Support Signal Company
  • 729th Brigade Support Company
Maryland Army National Guard Maryland
66th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 2nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 24th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 709th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 323rd Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
United States Army Europe Lucius D. Clay Kaserne (Wiesbaden, Germany)
71st Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade Texas Army National Guard Texas
111th Military Intelligence Brigade United States Army Intelligence Center of Excellence Fort Huachuca
116th Military Intelligence Brigade (Aerial Intelligence)
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • DCGS-Army Operations and Exploitation Unit
  • 138th Military Intelligence Company (JSTARS-Army element) (Robins AFB)
  • 3rd Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Camp Humphreys)
  • 15th Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Fort Hood)
  • 204th Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Fort Bliss)
  • 224th Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Hunter Army Airfield)
INSCOM Fort Gordon
201st Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 109th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 502nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 63rd Network Support Signal Company
  • 602nd Brigade Support Company
I Corps Joint Base Lewis-McChord
207th Military Intelligence Brigade (Theater)
  • 307th Military Intelligence Battalion (collections)
  • 522nd Military Intelligence Battalion (operations)
  • 337th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
United States Army Africa Vicenza, Italy
259th Military Intelligence Brigade (Expeditionary) (Army Reserve) MIRC Joint Base Lewis–McChord
300th Military Intelligence Brigade (Linguist) (Army National Guard) INSCOM Draper, Utah
336th Military Intelligence Brigade (Expeditionary) (Army Reserve) MIRC New Jersey
470th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 201st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 312th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 717th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 377th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
United States Army South Fort Sam Houston
500th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 205th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 311th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 715th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 301st Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
United States Army Pacific Schofield Barracks
501st Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 524th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 532nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 719th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 368th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
Eighth United States Army Yongsan Garrison, (South Korea)
504th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 163rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 303rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 509th Brigade Support Company
III Corps Fort Hood
505th Military Intelligence Brigade (Army Reserve)[9]
  • 383rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 549th Military Intelligence Battalion
United States Army North San Antonio, Texas
513th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 202nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 297th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 345th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
United States Army Central Fort Gordon
525th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade XVIII Corps Fort Bragg
650th Military Intelligence Group[10][11]
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • Region I, AFSOUTH
  • Region II, AFNORTH
  • Region IV, AFCENT
  • Region V, SHAPE
Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe Mons, Belgium
704th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 741st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 742nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 743rd Military Intelligence Battalion
National Security Agency Fort George G. Meade
706th Military Intelligence Group
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 707th Military Intelligence Battalion
Central Security Service Fort Gordon
780th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 781st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 782nd Military Intelligence Battalion
ARCYBER Fort George G. Meade
902nd Military Intelligence Group
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment
  • 308th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 310th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 752nd Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
  • Army Counterintelligence Center
  • Army Operations Security Detachment
INSCOM Fort George G. Meade
National Ground Intelligence Center INSCOM Charlottesville, Virginia
National Intelligence Support Group (Army Reserve) MIRC

Creed and march of the Military Intelligence Corps

Creed of the Military Intelligence Corps

I am a Soldier first, but an intelligence professional second to none.
With pride in my heritage, but focused on the future,
Performing the first task of an Army:
To find, know, and never lose the enemy.
With a sense of urgency and of tenacity, professional and physical fitness,
and above all, INTEGRITY, for in truth lies victory.
Always at silent war, while ready for a shooting war,
The silent warrior of the ARMY team.[12]

Military Intelligence Corps March

Onward to victory!
Our silent warriors to the fight.
Onward to victory!
Trained and ready day or night.
Peace through intelligence!
Here's to your health and to our corps.
Strength through intelligence!
Toujours Avant forever more.


The United States Army Intelligence Museum is located at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. It features the history of American military intelligence from the Revolutionary War to present. In the Army Military Intelligence Museum there is a painting of "The MI Blue Rose". The back of this painting indicates Sgt. Ralph R Abel, Jr. created it. The painting was photographed and distributed worldwide. Sgt. Abel also painted a replica of the corps flag.

Military Intelligence Hall of Fame

See also


  1. United States Intelligence Community Official Website Archived 21 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Intelligence in the Civil War" (PDF). Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 December 2013. Retrieved 2014-07-24.
  3. Theoharis, Athan G., ed. (1999). The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide. Phoenix, OR: The Oryx Press. p. 160. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  4. "Army Birthdays". U.S. Army Center of Military History. Department of the Army. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  5. "Publications 101" (PDF).
  6. "index2". 28 October 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  7. John Patrick Finnegan, Center of Military History, United States Army, Washington, D. C. (1998). "Military Intelligence". Archived from the original on 22 January 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2008.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. Welcome To the Intelligence Center Online Network Archived 17 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. MIRC Family Programs Newsletter; Volume 1, Issue 4 Archived 18 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine dated October 2014, last accessed 18 April 2015
  10. AR 381–10, U.S. Army Intelligence Activities, Department of the Army, dated 3 May 2007, last accessed 7 July 2012
  11. FM 34-37; Strategic, Departmental, and Operational IEW Operations; Chapter 9, 650TH Military Intelligence Group, last accessed 7 July 2012
  12. "G-2 Intelligence". U.S. Army Europe. Retrieved 25 November 2016.

Further reading

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