Military Gendarmerie (Poland)
Badge of the Military Gendarmerie
|Branch||Polish Armed Forces|
|Current Commander||Brigadier General Tomasz Połuch|
Polish military police traces its history to the communist era Military Internal Service (Polish: Wojskowa Służba Wewnętrzna), World War II-era Service for Protection of the Uprising (Polish: Wojskowa Służba Ochrony Powstania), interwar-era military police in the Second Polish Republic, formations of the January and November Uprising, Duchy of Warsaw and finally, some officials of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, first created in early 17th century.
The modern Polish Military Gendarmerie was formed on September 1, 1990 on the basis of order No. Pf-42 / Org. Minister of National Defense of 18 April 1990 and order No. 062 / Org. Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Army of June 15, 1990. At this formation the structure was as follows:
- Headquarters of the Military Police in Warsaw
- Military Police Command:
- Warsaw Military District
- Pomeranian Military District
- Silesian Military District
In addition, the following Military Gendarmerie Departments were established: Warsaw, Krakow, Bydgoszcz, Szczecin, Wrocław and Poznań, and also the Military Gendarmerie Training Center in Mińsk Mazowiecki.
In December 2011 the Żandarmeria Wojskowa made an application to the European Gendarmerie Force to become a full member state, and has been since 2013.
The ŻW is organized into:
- 3 special units
- 10 units
- 2 departments
- 45 regional stations
The current commander is brigadier general Mirosław Rozmus.
- gen. bryg. (Brigadier General) Jerzy Jarosz (1 IX 1990 – 20 II 1992)
- Płk dypl. (Certified Officer) Henryk Piątkowski (11 III 1992 – 1 IV 1993)
- gen. bryg. (Brigadier General) Alfons Kupis (1 IV 1993 – 24 VII 2000)
- gen. dyw. (Divisional General) Jerzy Słowiński (1 VIII 2000 – 30 VII 2003)
- gen. dyw. (Divisional General) Bogusław Pacek (31 VII 2003 – 3 X 2006)
- gen. dyw. (Divisional General) Jan Żukowski (3 X 2006 – 1 I 2008)
- gen. bryg. (Brigadier General) Marek Witczak (2 I 2008 – 17 XII 2010)
- gen. bryg. (Brigadier General) Mirosław Rozmus (17 XII 2010 - 11 VI 2015)
- gen. bryg. (Brigadier General) Piotr Nidecki (12 VI 2015 - 24 XII 2015)
- gen. bryg. (Brigadier General) Tomasz Połuch (24 XII 2015 -)
|Glock 17||9 mm Para Semi-Auto Pistol||Glock 17||1,500|
|PM-84 Glauberyt||9 mm Para Submachine Gun||
|MP5||9 mm Para Submachine Gun||MP5A3|
|Mossberg 500||12 gauge||M50440|
|Kbk wz. 1996 Mini-Beryl||5.56mm NATO Carbine||wz. 1996B
|UKM-2000||7.62mm NATO general purpose machine gun||UKM-2000P
|Sako TRG||7.62mm NATO Sniper Rifle||TRG-22|
|Land Rover Defender||Four-wheel Multi-Purpose Drive Vehicle||100|
|AMZ Łoś||4x4 truck|
|Skoda Octavia||Intervention vehicle|
|Opel Insignia||Patrol car|
Members who have died in service
Soldiers of the Military Police died during their official duties:
- Starszy kapral Krzysztof Sypień from the Military Gendarmerie Department in Krakow, † 11 VIII 2002 Krakow, posthumously promoted to Plutonowy.
- Starszy szeregowy Grzegorz Bukowski from the Special Branch of the Military Police in Mińsk Mazowiecki, † 15 June 2010 Afghanistan, posthumously promoted to the rank of Kapral.
- Starszy szeregowy Marcin Pastusiak from the Special Branch of the Military Police in Mińsk Mazowiecki, † 22 January 2011 Afghanistan, posthumously promoted to the rank of Sierżant.
- Starszy szeregowy Tomasz Janowski from the Special Branch of the Military Police in Gdynia, † 29 March 2016 Iraq, posthumously promoted to the rank of Sierżant.
- Polish Military Police website accessed 25 March 2012
- ":: Żandarmeria Wojskowa – Komenda Główna ŻW :: Uzbrojenie ::". Zw.wp.mil.pl. Retrieved 2015-08-17.
- ":: Żandarmeria Wojskowa - Komenda Główna ŻW :: Pojazdy ::". Zw.wp.mil.pl. 2001-08-24. Retrieved 2015-08-17.
- (in Polish) Official pages
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