Milford Graves (born August 20, 1941 in Queens, New York) is an American jazz drummer, percussionist, professor, scientist, and inventor, most noteworthy for his early avant-garde contributions in the early 1960s with Paul Bley and the New York Art Quartet alongside John Tchicai, Roswell Rudd, and Reggie Workman. He is considered to be a free jazz pioneer, liberating the percussion from its timekeeping role. In fact, many of his music contemporaries, musician inspirees, and fans worldwide would argue that Graves is perhaps the most influential known musician in the development and continuing evolution of free-jazz/avant-garde music, to date. Graves taught at Bennington College, in Bennington, Vermont, as a full-time professor from 1973 until 2011, when he was awarded Emeritus status.
|Born||20 August 1941|
Jamaica, Queens, New York, United States
|Genres||Jazz, free jazz, avant-garde jazz, world music|
|Occupation(s)||musician, herbalist, acupuncturist, college professor|
|Instruments||Drums, percussion, timbales, conga drums, vocals,|
|Labels||ESP, Prestige, Fontana, RCA, Tzadik|
|Associated acts||Albert Ayler, New York Art Quartet, Paul Bley, Don Pullen|
Initially playing timbales as a kid growing up in Queens, Graves has worked as a sideman and session musician with a variety of jazz musicians throughout his career, including Pharoah Sanders, Rashied Ali, Albert Ayler, Don Pullen, Kenny Clarke, Don Moye, Andrew Cyrille, Philly Joe Jones, Eddie Gómez, and John Zorn. He has invested his time in research within the field of healing through music.
In 2013, Graves along with Drs. Carlo Tremolada and Carlo Ventura received a patent for an invention that relates to a process of preparing a non-expanded tissue derivative, that is not subjected to cell proliferation in vitro, which has a vascular-stromal fraction enriched in stem and multipotent elements, such as pericytes and/or mesenchymal stem cells, or for preparing non-embryonic stem cells obtained from a tissue sample or from such tissue derivative, wherein the tissue derivative or such cells are subjected to vibrations derived from a heart sound to control the degree of differentiation or possible differentiation of the stem and multipotent elements into several other types of cells and optimize their potency. The invention relates also to a device for carrying out the process, to stem cells obtainable by the process as well as a drug for the regeneration of an animal tissue.
with Montego Joe
- Arriba! (Prestige)
- Wild & Warm (Prestige)
With Giuseppi Logan
- Giuseppi Logan Quartet (ESP)
- More Giuseppi Logan (ESP)
With Paul Bley
- Barrage (ESP, 1965)
With New York Art Quartet
With the Jazz Composer's Orchestra
- Communication (Fontana)
With Miriam Makeba
- Makeba Sings! (RCA)
With Lowell Davidson
- The Lowell Davidson Trio (ESP)
With Don Pullen
- At Yale University (PG)
- Nommo (SRP)
With Albert Ayler
With Sonny Sharrock
- Black Woman (Vortex, 1969)
With Andrew Cyrille
- Dialogue of the Drums (IPS)
With Various Artists
- New American Music Volume 1: New York Section / Composers of the 1970's (Folkways)
With Sun Ra
- Untitled Recordings (Transparency)
With David Murray
- Real Deal (DIW)
With John Zorn
- Beyond Quantum (Tzadik, 2008)
- "Milford Graves at All About Jazz". All About Jazz. AOL.Muaix. Archived from the original on 3 November 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
- Jacobson, Mark (November 12, 2001). "The Jazz Scientist". New York Magazine.
- Litweiler, John (1984). The Freedom Principle:Jazz after 1958. Da Capo. p. 137. ISBN 0-306-80377-1.
- Corey Kilgannon, "Finding Healing Music in the Heart", New York Times, November 9, 2004 Retrieved November 20, 2004
- Dayal, Geeta (March 19, 2018). "Milford Graves: Full Mantis". 4 Columns.
- "Patents by Inventor Milford Graves". Justia Patents.
- Clarke, Cath (August 30, 2018). "Milford Graves Full Mantis review – cutting-edge drums and terrific storytelling". The Guardian.
- Christopher, Michael (August 13, 2013). "Interview: William DuVall of Alice In Chains on getting out of the box, moving forward, and respecting a legacy". Vanyaland.
- Audio Recordings of WCUW Jazz Festivals - Jazz History Database
- Milford Graves discography on Mindspring.com
- 13 episodes of Milford Graves talking on ImprovLive 365 from 2012 (via YouTube)
- Milford Graves interview at All About Jazz
- Milford Graves interview at Bomb
- Milford Graves interview at NewMusicBox
- Milford Graves interview at Point of Departure
- Article on Milford Graves: Full Mantis documentary at Independencia