Milan–Venice railway

The Milan–Venice railway line is one of the most important railway lines in Italy. It connects the major city of Milan, in Lombardy, with the Adriatic Sea at Venice, in Veneto. The line is state-owned and operated by the state rail infrastructure company, Rete Ferroviaria Italiana that classifies it as a trunk line.[3] The line is electrified at 3,000 volts DC.

Milan-Venice railway
Overview
Native nameFerrovia Milano-Venezia
Typeheavy rail
Statusoperational
LocaleItaly
TerminiMilan
Venice
ServicesS5, S6, R4, RE6
Operation
Opened1842
OwnerRFI
Operator(s)Trenord, Trenitalia
Technical
Track length267 km (166 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
ElectrificationElectrified at 3000 V DC
Route map

0.000
Milano Centrale
(From the left: "Genoa"
and "Bologna" lines)
To Turin and Chiasso)
Belt line
3.798
Milano Lambrate
(to Genoa and Bologna)
Belt line
(from the left: "Venice DD",
"Venice LL", "Goods" lines)
Milano Lambrate Scalo goods yard
(Passante line
6.240
Lambro junction
(staggered junction)
Belt line
0.000
Milano Smistamento marshalling yard
9.907
Segrate
(since 2003)
12.407
Pioltello-Limito
16.200
Vignate
18.750
Melzo goods yard
19.600
Melzo
(From the left: "Venice DD",
"Venice LL" lines)
22.610
Pozzuolo Martesana
(since 2009)
24.585
Trecella
27.152
Cassano d'Adda
29.200
Adda junction/crossover
30.020
31.680
Bergamo junction
† 21-06-09
32.932
Treviglio Ovest
(To Bergamo)
(Left: disused line connecting Cremona
with Treviglio Ovest)
(33.063) 33.143
Treviglio
(To Cremona)
37.146
Vidalengo
42.117
MorengoBariano
46.052
Romano
53.018
Calcio
Oglio River
59.778
Chiari
(From Lecco)
65.827
Rovato (RFI) / Rovato Borgo (FN)
(From Iseo)
(To Cremona, disused)
65.827
Ospitaletto-Travagliato
78.508
Roncadelle junction
(high-speed line)
Mella River
79.797
Mella junction
(from the left: "Goods",
"Passenger" lines)
80.471
Brescia goods yard
82.842
Brescia
Ronchi junction
(to Parma and Cremona)
84.000
Milan
Verona
provincial boundary
91.416
Rezzato (RFI) / Rezzato FRV
(To Vobarno, disused)
99.950
Ponte San Marco-Calcinato
106.388
Lonato
110.738
Desenzano del Garda-Sirmione
Desenzano Porto
(To Desenzano Porto, disused)
San Martino della Battaglia
(disused)
Mincio River
(from Mantua)
Peschiera Darsena
124.940
Peschiera FMP /
Peschiera del Garda (RFI)
129.663
Castelnuovo del Garda
136.583
SommacampagnaSona
Lugagnano
(disused)
Quadrante Europa
144.236
Fenilone junction
(from Quadrante Europa)
144.236
Fenilone junction
(to St Lucia and St Massimo junctions)
(from the left: connections, overpass,
San Massimo junction/P.C.[1])
Santa Lucia Junction/P.C.
(to Mantua and Modena)
(to Rovigo and Bologna)
(from Santa Lucia and
San Massimo junctions)
147.480
Verona Porta Nuova
Adige River
150.857
Verona Porta Vescovo
156.864
San Martino Buon Albergo
163.225
Caldiero
171.571
San Bonifacio
(from Lonigo Città, disused)
177.305
Lonigo
182.952
Montebello
191.471
Altavilla-Tavernelle
(FTV tramway to Montecchio
and le Valli, disused)
199.138
Vicenza (RFI) / Vicenza FTV
(FTV tramway to Noventa
and Montagnana, disused)
(to Schio and Treviso)
200.857
(Verona
Venice
provincial boundary
207.191
Lerino
(from Ostiglia, disused)
214.068
Grisignano di Zocco
(to Treviso, disused)
219.928
Mestrino
0.000/227.446
Montà points (former Montà junctions)
(to Padova Campo Marte)
2.190
Padova Campo Marte
(from the left: from Bologna;
from Bassano del Grappa and Calalzo)
229.408
Padua
(from the left: old line;
high-speed line)
0.000/230.618
(to Padova Interporto goods railway)
3.794
Padova Interporto
Padova San Lazzaro
(planned)
234.843
Ponte di Brenta
Busa di Vigonza
(disused)
240.790
Vigonza–Pianiga
244.897
Dolo
248.726
Mira–Mirano
252.040
Mirano junction
(Mestre rail bypass, disused)
Maerne overpass
254.389
Cabin B
(from Adria)
256.490
Quadrivio Catene
(old line to Trento)
256.500
Mestre Storica junctions
(to Udine and Trieste)
0+000/257.907
Venezia Mestre
2.232
Venezia Marghera goods yard
260.191
Venezia Porto Marghera
Venezia Marittima
266.341
Venezia Santa Lucia
Source: Italian railway atlas[2]

History

The line was designed by the Austrian Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia to connect its two joint capitals and built by a company named the Imperiale Regia Privilege Strada ferrata Ferdinandea Lombardo-Veneta dell'Imperatore in honour of Ferdinand I of Austria. It was built in sections: the first section to be completed was between Padua and Marghera, opened on 13 December 1842, and was the third railway opened in Italy. On 13 January 1846 a 2-mile-long (3.2 km) bridge over the Venetian Lagoon between Mestre and Venice was opened, with 222 arches supported on 80,000 larch piles.[4] It was followed by the opening of the Padua–Vicenza section on 11 January 1846 and the Milan–Treviglio section on 15 February 1846.[5]

The First Italian War of Independence slowed construction of other sections: the Vicenza–Verona Porta Vescovo stretch was inaugurated on 3 July 1849; it was extended across the Adige river to Verona Porta Nuova on 14 December 1852. An extension followed to Brescia and Bergamo via Coccaglio on 22 April 1854. The line was completed with the opening of the section between Bergamo to Treviglio on 12 October 1857, following the inauguration of the bridge over the Oglio at Palazzolo.[5] The original route via Treviglio, Bergamo and Brescia was 285 km long. The direct between Rovato and Treviglio, bypassing Bergamo was opened on 5 March 1878, and the line took its current form.[6]

In 1852 the original operating company was taken over by the state, but it was privatised in 1856, being sold to the Rothschild banking family of France for 156.25 million gold francs to form the Societé IR Privilégiée des Chemins de Fer Lombards-Vénitiens et de l'Italie Centrale, with a concession to complete the Milan–Venice line and to extend it to Trieste (the Venice–Trieste line) and to build branches to Lake Maggiore (the beginning of the Milan-Domodossola line), Como (the Milan–Chiasso line), Pavia (the beginning of the Milan–Genoa line), Piacenza (the beginning of the Milan–Bologna line) and to Mantua and Borgoforte (the beginning of the Verona–Mantua–Modena line). The Rothschild's rail interests were collectively referred to as the Südbahn.[7] With the transfer of Veneto to Italy as a result of the Third Italian War of Independence in 1866, the Milan–Venice railway became part of the Società per le strade ferrate dell'Alta Italia (Upper Italian Railways). In 1885 it became part of the Rete Adriatica (Adriatic Network) and in 1905 it was absorbed into Ferrovie dello Stato on its foundation.

Electrification at 3000 volts DC was completed in 1956.[8]

The current line

The railway is 267 kilometres (166 mi) long, double track and fully electrified. The most important cities passed are Brescia, Verona, Vicenza, Padua and Mestre: these are also the key interchange points with other public transport services. The line has four tracks between Milan Lambrate and Treviglio and between Padua and Venezia Mestre, including high-speed lines on those sections. The high speed pair of lines is referred to as DD (derived from "direttissima"—literally most direct—an Italian word for high-speed railway) and the other pair is referred to as the Linea Lenta (meaning "slow line", abbreviated LL). The high-speed line between Treviglio and Brescia was completed in December 2016 and planning for its extension from Brescia to Venice is under way.

The line is served by Trenitalia and Trenord regional trains between Milan and Verona and between Verona and Venice. The section from Pioltello to the Milan Cintura (belt) line is also served by trains of the S5 and S6 (starting from Treviglio) lines of the Milan Suburban Railway Network. The Padua–Venice section is also used by the lines of the Metropolitan Regional Rail System of the Veneto region. Long distance passenger traffic is served by Trenitalia Eurostar and Cisalpino trains. The railway is also used by freight trains operated by several railway companies.

References

Footnotes

  1. "Posti di comunicazione", that is a turnout to a connecting line.
  2. Atlante ferroviario s'Italia e Slovenia [Italian and Slovenian railway atlas)] (1 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2010. pp. 21–5, 131, 133–35, 137, 138. ISBN 978-3-89494-129-1.
  3. "Rete FS in Esercizio (FS operating network)" (PDF) (in Italian). Rete Ferroviaria Italiana. Retrieved 30 March 2009.
  4. Kalla-Bishop 1971, p. 20
  5. "Chronological overview of the opening of railway lines from 1839 to 31 December 1926" (in Italian). Trenidicarta.it. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  6. Ganzerla 2004
  7. Kalla-Bishop 1971, pp. 20–1
  8. Kalla-Bishop 1971, p. 116

Sources

  • Kalla-Bishop, P. M. (1971), Italian Railways, Newton Abbott, Devon, England: David & Charles, p. 208
  • Ganzerla, Giancarlo (2004), Binari sul Garda—Dalla Ferdinandea al tram: tra cronaca e storia (in Italian), Brescia: Grafo, p. 334, ISBN 88-7385-633-0

See also

Media related to Milan–Venice railway line at Wikimedia Commons

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