Mignon G. Eberhart

Mignon Good Eberhart (July 6, 1899, Lincoln, Nebraska – October 8, 1996, Greenwich, Connecticut) was an American author of mystery novels. She had one of the longest careers (from the 1920s to the 1980s) among major American mystery writers.

Early life

Mignonette Good was born July 6, 1899, in Lincoln, Nebraska.[1] As a teenager, Good often wrote short stories and novels to occupy herself.[2] From 1917 to 1920, she attended Nebraska Wesleyan University, but did not complete the coursework for a degree.[3] In 1923, she married Alanson Clyde Eberhart,[2] and began writing short stories to combat boredom. Within several years, she had begun writing novels.[3] In 1929, she published her first novel, The Patient in Room 18, which introduced her series character Nurse Sarah Keate and her boyfriend Detective Lance O'Leary.[2] A second novel, While the Patient Slept, also featuring Keate, received the $5000 Scotland Yard Prize in 1931. Four years later, Eberhart's alma mater presented her with an honorary doctorate.[3]

Career

By the end of the 1930s, Eberhart had become the leading female crime novelist in the United States and was one of the highest-paid female crime novelists in the world, next to Agatha Christie. She was one of the first of many writers called, by their publishers, "America's Agatha Christie," few of which had as little in common with 'Dame Agatha in matters of plotting, characterization, or even type of story.' [4] She wrote a total of 59 novels, the last published in 1988, shortly before her 89th birthday.[3] Eight of her novels were adapted as movies, beginning in 1935 with While the Patient Slept. The last adaptation, based on the book Hasty Wedding, was the movie Three's a Crowd, released in 1945.[5] She also collaborated with Robert Wallsten to adapt her novel Fair Warning into the play, Eight O'Clock Tuesday, which played first at the Cleveland Playhouse in Ohio in 1939-40, and then on Broadway in 1941, starring Celeste Holm.[6][7][8]

Sarah Keate, though popular as the protagonist of Eberhart's first five novels, proved to be the author's only series sleuth, making only a couple of appearances after the early 1930s. Instead, Eberhart wrote mostly "standalone" mysteries, something fairly unusual for a crime writer with such a large output.

Eberhart was one of the more prolific of the practitioners of the classic romantic suspense novel that had begun with some of the earliest work of Anna Katharine Green and was brought to its height by Mary Roberts Rinehart in the early 20th century.[4] There had been many female sleuths featured in short stories previously, and Rinehart had introduced her own nurse-detective, Hilda Adams, aka "Miss Pinkerton," in the second decade of the 20th century. But in 1929, when Eberhart introduced Sarah Keate, it was still relatively rare to have a female lead in novel-length "straight detective stories". The year after Eberhart's first novel was published, Agatha Christie wrote the first novel featuring her female detective, Jane Marple, who had previously appeared in short stories collected as "The Tuesday Club Murders".[9]

Style and reception

Eberhart's works often featured female protagonists, and tended to include exotic locations, wealthy characters, and suspense and romance.[3] Her characterization has been praised, her characters described as always having "genuine and believable motives for everything they do." Her "writing is spare but almost lyrical."[4]

In 1971, she was awarded the Mystery Writers of America's Grand Master Award. Eberhart also served as president of the Mystery Writers of America.[2] In 1994, she received the Agatha Award: Malice Domestic Award for Lifetime Achievement.

Personal life

The normally prolific Eberhart wrote relatively few books in the 1940s, possibly due to upheaval in her personal life.[5] After 20 years of marriage, she divorced Alanson Eberhart, and in 1946 married John Hazen Perry.[3] But within two years, she had divorced Perry and remarried Eberhart.[4] The Eberharts remained married until his death in 1974.

Eberhart died in 1996. She is buried in Long Island National Cemetery, a Veterans Administration burial site, beside husband Alanson, who had served as a Navy lieutenant commander in World War II. In 2007, a posthumous collection of her short stories, Dead Yesterday and Other Stories, was edited by Rick Cypert and Kirby McCauley and published by Crippen & Landru.

Novels

Sarah Keate series

Standalone novels

  • The Dark Garden (1933) aka Death in the Fog
  • The White Cockatoo (1933) filmed in 1935
  • The Cases of Susan Dare (1934)
  • The House on the Roof (1935)
  • Fair Warning (1936)
  • Danger in the Dark (1937) aka Hand in Glove
  • The Pattern (1937)
  • The Glass Slipper (1938)
  • Hasty Wedding (1938)
  • The Chiffon Scarf (1939)
  • Brief Return (1939)
  • The Hangman's Whip (1940)
  • Speak No Evil (1941)
  • With This Ring (1941)
  • Fourth Mystery Book (1942)
  • The Man Next Door (1943)
  • Unidentified Woman (1943)
  • Escape the Night (1944)
  • Wings of Fear (1945)
  • Five Passengers from Lisbon (1946)
  • The White Dress (1946)
  • Another Woman's House (1947)
  • House of Storm (1949)
  • Hunt With the Hounds (1950)
  • Never Look Back (1951)
  • Dead Men's Plans (1952)
  • The Unknown Quantity (1953)
  • Postmark Murder (1955)
  • Another Man's Murder (1957)
  • Melora (1959) aka The Promise of Murder (1961, 1966)
  • Jury of One (1960)
  • The Cup, the Blade or the Gun (1961) aka The Crime at Honotassa
  • Enemy in the House (1962)
  • Run Scared (1963)
  • Call After Midnight (1964)
  • R.S.V.P. Murder (1965)
  • Witness at Large (1966)
  • Woman on the Roof (1967)
  • Message from Hong Kong (1969)
  • El Rancho Rio (1970)
  • Two Little Rich Girls (1971)
  • Murder in Waiting (1973)
  • Nine O'Clock Tide (1975)
  • Danger Money (1975)
  • Family Fortune (1976)
  • Bayou Road (1979)
  • Casa Madrone (1980)
  • Family Affair (1981)
  • Next of Kin (1982)
  • The Patient in Cabin C (1983)
  • Alpine Condo Crossfire (1984)
  • A Fighting Chance (1986)
  • Three Days for Emeralds (1988)

Short stories

  • The Cases of Susan Dare (anthology, 1934)

Film adaptations

YearTitleNotes
1935The White Cockatoobook author
1935While the Patient Sleptbook author
1936The Murder of Dr. Harriganshort story author
1936Murder by an Aristocratbook author
1937The Great Hospital Mysteryshort story author
1938The Dark Stairwaybook author (from the novel From This Dark Stairway)
1938The Patient in Room 18book author
1938Mystery Housebook author (from the novel The Mystery of Hunting's End)
1945Three's a Crowdbook author (from the novel Hasty Wedding)

References

  1. "Mignon Eberhart". Nebraska Center for Writers. Archived from the original on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  2. "Biography". Mignon G. Eberhart Official Website. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  3. Silet, Charles L.P. "Romance Mysteries of Mignon Eberhart". MysteryNet.com. Archived from the original on 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  4. Grost, Michael E. "Mignon G. Eberhart: Death and the Maiden". Girl-detective.net. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  5. Eder, Bruce. "Biography: Mignon G. Eberhart". All Media Guide. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  6. Mel Gussow. “Mignon Eberhart, Novelist, 97; Blended Mystery and Romance.” The New York Times, Oct 9, 1996 pg. D19
  7. Playbill.com database http://www.playbill.com/production/eight-oclock-tuesday-henry-millers-theatre-vault-0000013554
  8. Social Networks and Archival Context Cooperative https://snaccooperative.org/vocab_administrator/resources/7541567
  9. "What the Critics Say About Mignon Eberhart". Nebraska Center for Writers. Archived from the original on 2002-06-19. Retrieved 2007-04-18.

Further reading

  • Cypert, Rick. America's Agatha Christie. Susquehanna University Press. ISBN 1-57591-088-8
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