Blanche Marie Louise Oelrichs (October 1, 1890 – November 5, 1950) was an American poet, playwright and theatre actress. Oelrichs first used the masculine nom de plume Michael Strange to publish her poetry in order to distance her society reputation from its sometimes erotic content, but it soon became the name under which she presented herself for the remainder of her life.
Blanche Marie Louise Oelrichs
October 1, 1890
|Died||November 5, 1950 60) (aged|
Leonard M. Thomas
(m. 1910; div. 1919)
(m. 1920; div. 1925)
(m. 1929; div. 1942)
|Partner(s)||Margaret Wise Brown |
|Children||3, including Diana Barrymore|
Born to Charles May Oelrichs and Blanche de Loosey, Blanche Oelrichs was the youngest of four children. Her Austrian mother was the sister of Emilie de Loosey, wife of Theodore Havemeyer. The family spent summers in Newport, Rhode Island, amidst the Astors, the Vanderbilts, and numerous other wealthy elites of American society during the Gilded Age.
Her sister Natalie, always known as Lily, married and divorced Heinrich Borwin, Duke of Mecklenburg (son of Duke Paul Frederick of Mecklenburg), after the premature death of her first husband Peter Martin of San Francisco. Her brother, Charles de Loosey Oelrichs, was the father of Marjorie Oelrichs, who was married to bandleader Eddy Duchin.
Life and career
In 1910 Oelrichs married her first husband, Leonard Moorhead Thomas, the son of a prominent Philadelphia banker, with whom she had two children, Leonard Jr. (1911–1968) and Robin May Thomas (1915–1944). Leonard Moorhead Thomas was a Yale University graduate who had worked in the diplomatic service in Rome and Madrid and served with the United States Army in Europe during World War I, earning the Croix de Guerre. Blanche Oelrichs developed a "literary urge" in 1914 when she began creating works of poetry and theatrical plays. Her first collection of poems was published in 1916 under the pen name Michael Strange. Her interests caused a rift with her husband and they divorced in 1919.
Through her social activities, Strange met renowned actor John Barrymore. They were introduced by actress Cathleen Nesbitt, Barrymore's leading woman in the 1916 production of the play Justice. She continued seeing him for four years; and, after divorcing Thomas, she married Barrymore on August 5, 1920. She was already pregnant with their only child, Diana Blanche Barrymore, who was born on March 3, 1921.
With drawings provided by John Barrymore, Strange published a book in 1921 titled Resurrecting Life. Her pseudonym was intended to separate her society family from the erotic content of the volume and its connection to her affair from Barrymore, but instead the vast popularity of the volume led to greater fame and notoriety, and her adaptation of the Strange name permanently. She then turned her writing skills to the creation of theatrical plays including a 1921 Broadway production titled Clair de lune. Based on L'Homme qui rit by Victor Hugo, her play starred her husband and his sister Ethel Barrymore. It was made into a 1932 movie of the same name in France by director Henri Diamant-Berger.
In 1921, Strange was among the first to join the Lucy Stone League, an organization that fought for women to preserve their maiden names after marriage.
Strange spent a great deal of time in Paris during the next few years while her husband performed abroad. After returning to live in New York, she began acting in live theatre. Her marriage to John Barrymore ended in May 1925. She then joined a summer stock company in Salem, Massachusetts, and appeared in two Broadway plays in 1926 and 1927.
Another book of Strange's poetry was published in 1928 under the title Selected poems, by Michael Strange and the following year she married a third time to the prominent New York attorney Harrison Tweed who later became Chairman of Sarah Lawrence College. During the second half of the 1930s Strange hosted a poetry and music program on New York radio station WOR that gained a strong audience. In 1940, Strange published her autobiography, Who Tells Me True. In 1942, she and Harrison Tweed divorced, and in 1944 her son Robin died at the age of 29.
Starting in the summer of 1940 until her death, Strange was in a long-term relationship with Margaret Wise Brown, the author of many children's books. The relationship began as something of a mentoring one, but became a romantic relationship and they lived together at 10 Gracie Square in Manhattan beginning in 1943.
Strange was a registered communist and part of the America First Committee's weekly radio show.
Michael Strange died from leukemia in 1950 in Boston. She was interred with her son Robin, who had died in 1944, in the Oelrichs family plot in Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York. Robin had been buried in Indiana with his predeceased lover, but Strange's will asked for his body to be moved to be with the rest of the family.
Margaret Wise Brown was made Strange's literary executor. Upon Brown's death two years later, Strange's papers were delivered to Brown's sister Roberta; she contacted Diana Barrymore, who instructed her to burn them.
In 1960 Strange's daughter Diana Barrymore died at age 38 after several years of drug and alcohol addiction. Her older son Leonard was married to painter Yvonne Thomas and they had two daughters together, the only grandchildren of Michael Strange.
- Miscellaneous poems by Michael Strange (1916)
- Poems, by Michael Strange (1919)
- Resurrecting Life (with drawings by John Barrymore) (1921)
- Selected poems, by Michael Strange (1928)
- Who Tells Me True (1940)
- Edward T. James; Janet Wilson James; Paul S. Notable American Women, 1607–1950: A Biographical Dictionary, Volume 2. Boyer, Radcliffe College. p. 490.
- [NY Times Nov. 6, 1950]
- Leonard Moorhead Thomas, Jr. findagrave.com..Retrieved January 10, 2019
- The Washington Times., "Whom Will Beautiful, Poetic, Mrs. Thomas Marry Next?" August 08, 1920, FINAL EDITION
- "JOHN BARRY MORE WEDS MRS. THOMAS: While Their Engagement Had Been Rumored, the Marriage Now Comes as a Surprise. CEREMONY IS INFORMAL Actor, Who Recently Suffered a Nervous Breakdown, Will Not Resume Work Till Fall." (1920, August 6). New York Times, 9.
- Gary, Amy (2016). The Great Green Room: The Brilliant Bold Life of Margaret Wise Brown. Flatiron Books. pp. 104, 167, 196, 234. ISBN 978-1-25006536-0.
- "WIVES DEBATE RIGHT TO MAIDEN NAMES: Elsie Ferguson Learns From Ruth Hale That She May Have Her Own Checking Account. BARRYMORE'S WIFE ATTENDS Lucy Stone League Told Woman May Register at Hotel With Husband Under Separate Name. Barrymore's Wife Attends. Validity of Names Discussed." (1921, May 18). New York Times, 27.
- "MICHAEL STRANGE MARRIES IN LONDON: John Barrymore's Former Wife Weds Harrison Tweed, New New York Lawyer. IN REGISTER'S OFFICE Third Marriage for Bride, Poet and Dramatist—Bridegroom Divorced In Paris Last June." (1929, May 24). New York Times, p. 30.
- Betsy Bird; Julie Danielson; Peter Sieruta (2014). Wild Things! Acts of Mischief in Children’s Literature. Candlewick Press. pp. 57–58.
- Marcus, Leonard S. Margaret Wise Brown: Awakened by the Moon. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992. 167–178, 251. ISBN 978-0688171889
- Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Locations 45382-45383). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition
- Obituary of Blanche's daughter-in-law, Yvonne Thomas (1913–2009); AspenTimes.com September 4, 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blanche Oelrichs.|
- Works by Michael Strange at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Michael Strange at Internet Archive
- Michael Strange at the Internet Broadway Database
- Michael Strange at Find a Grave findagrave.com
- Michael Strange papers, 1917–1925, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- Newspaper clipping announcing the wedding of Blanche Oelrichs and first husband Leonard Thomas
- Blanche Oelrichs with her second husband John Barrymore on board the S.S. Mauretania 1922
- John and Blanche aboard the Mauretania, different pose, 1922
- Blanche Oelrichs in 1929 aboard the SS France
- Blanche Oelrichs giving speech, 1932
- Blanche Oelrichs 1935 in a group photo with literary friends, lower left of the picture
- Passport photo, 1923
- Blanche(Michael Strange) on Queen Mary, 1947
- Blanche Oelrichs (wearing specs) some time in the 1940s. The other woman may be her daughter-in-law Yvonne Thomas who was married to Blanche's son Leonard Thomas(courtesy of NYCTreeman, flickr)