Michael Hayes (politician)

Michael Joseph Hayes (1 December 1889 – 11 July 1976) was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann from 1922 to 1932, Minister for Foreign Affairs from August 1922 to September 1922 and Minister for Education January 1922 to August 1922. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) for the National University of Ireland constituency from 1921 to 1933. He was a Senator from 1938 to 1965.[1][2]

Michael Hayes
Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann
In office
9 September 1922  9 March 1932
DeputyBrian O'Higgins
Pádraic Ó Máille
Preceded byEoin MacNeill
Succeeded byFrank Fahy
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
21 August 1922  9 September 1922
PresidentArthur Griffith
Preceded byArthur Griffith
Succeeded byDesmond FitzGerald
Minister for Education
In office
11 January 1922  9 September 1922
PresidentMichael Collins
Preceded byJohn J. O'Kelly
Succeeded byFionán Lynch (Minister for External Affairs)
In office
11 March 1957  9 April 1965
In office
12 February 1948  20 May 1954
ConstituencyCultural and Educational Panel
In office
23 May 1954  11 March 1957
ConstituencyNominated by the Taoiseach
In office
18 June 1938  10 February 1948
ConstituencyAdministrative Panel
Teachta Dála
In office
May 1921  January 1933
ConstituencyNational University of Ireland
Personal details
Michael Joseph Hayes

(1889-12-01)1 December 1889
Dublin, Ireland
Died11 July 1976(1976-07-11) (aged 86)
Dublin, Ireland
Political partyFine Gael
Spouse(s)May Kavanagh
(m. 1919; d. 1967)
EducationSynge Street CBS
Alma materUniversity College Dublin
Military service
Allegiance Ireland
Years of service1913-16
Battles/warsEaster Rising

Hayes was born in Dublin in 1889. He was educated at the Synge Street CBS and at University College Dublin (UCD). He later became a lecturer in French at the University. In 1913, he joined the Irish Volunteers and fought in Jacob's Factory during the Easter Rising in 1916. He escaped capture but was arrested in 1920 and interned at Ballykinlar, County Down.

He was first elected to Dáil Éireann as a Sinn Féin TD for the National University of Ireland constituency at the 1921 general election. At the 1922 general election he was elected as a Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin TD.[3] He served as Minister for Education from January to September 1922, as part of the Dail Aireacht ministry as opposed to the Provisional Government. He had special responsibility for secondary education. He was also acting Minister for Foreign Affairs from August to September 1922. He supported the Anglo-Irish Treaty during the crucial debates in 1922. That same year he was elected Ceann Comhairle of the first Dáil of the Irish Free State. He held that post for ten years until 1932.

At the 1923 general election, he was elected as a Cumann na nGaedheal TD for two constituencies; Dublin South and National University of Ireland. He resigned his seat in Dublin South following the election.

Hayes lost his Dáil seat at the 1933 general election, but was elected to Seanad Éireann in 1938 for Fine Gael. He remained a Senator until 1965, acting as leader of government and opposition there.

Hayes became Professor of Irish at University College Dublin in 1951.


  1. Walker, Brian M., ed. (1992). Parliamentary election results in Ireland, 1918–92. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0-901714-96-8. ISSN 0332-0286.
  2. "Michael Hayes". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
  3. "Michael Hayes". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
Political offices
Preceded by
Arthur Griffith
Minister for Foreign Affairs
1922 (acting)
Succeeded by
Desmond FitzGerald
Preceded by
John J. O'Kelly
Minister for Education
Second Dáil - (Post Treaty)

11 January 1922 – 9 September 1922[1]
Succeeded by
Eoin MacNeill
Preceded by
Eoin MacNeill
Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann
Succeeded by
Frank Fahy
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