Mexican Mauser Model 1954

The Mexican Mauser Model 1954, officially designated Mosquetón Mod. 1954, was a Mexican Mauser-type bolt-action rifle, produced in Mexico. Derived from the Mexican-made Mauser Model 1936, it used many of the M1903 Springfield rifle features, including the .30-06 caliber.

Mosquetón Mod. 1954
A Mosquetón 1954 with its bayonet
TypeBolt-action rifle
Place of originMexico
Service history
In service1954–present
Used byMexico
Production history
ManufacturerFábrica Nacional de Armas
Mass4.35 kg (9.6 lb)[1]
Length111.8 cm (44.02 in)[1]
Barrel length61 cm (24.0 in)[1]

Cartridge.30-06 Springfield
Effective firing range1,000 m (1,090 yd) with iron sights[1]
Feed system5-round stripper clip, internal magazine
SightsIron sights.


The Model 1954 was a simplified Mauser Model 1936. Its stock was made of laminated plywood.[2] Apart from being chambered in 7.62, it used the swivel and the rear sight of the Springfield M1903A3. However, some of the Model 1954 kept the Model 1936 tangent leaf sight. It accepted the bayonet of the Model 1895 rifle.[3] It existed in both rifle and carbine configurations.[2][4]


The Model 1954 was developed after the Mexican Army received many American weapons, such as the M1 Garand. Since more and more semi-automatic weapons became available on the surplus market, the production of the Model 1954 was reduced from 1955[3] but continued until 1959. Some of these rifles were supplied to the Mexican Navy and marked Armada.[5]

In the 1960s, the Model 1954 was still one of the standard-issue rifles of the Mexican Army.[6] As of 2017, the Model 1954 is still used by the rural militia (Rurales).[7] In the civilian US market, it is listed as a curiosity or relics, still select to the provisions of 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, the Gun Control Act of 1968 in the 2018 ATF classifications list.[4]


  1. Ball 2011, p. 263.
  2. Smith 1969, p. 516.
  3. Ball 2011, p. 262.
  4. "Section II — Firearms classified as curios or relics, still subject to the provisions of 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, the Gun Control Act of 1968". Curios or Relics List — January 1972 through April 2018. Firearms and Ammunition Technology Division.
  5. Reynolds, Dan (2001). "The Breech Loading Rifles of Mexico".
  6. Smith 1969, p. 514.
  7. Roa, Adrián (23 January 2017). "Una voz que no debe callarse - Opinión Infodefensa América".
  • Smith, Joseph E. (1969). "Mexico". Small Arms of the World (11 ed.). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: The Stackpole Company. pp. 514–519.
  • Ball, Robert W. D. (2011). Mauser Military Rifles of the World. Iola: Gun Digest Books. ISBN 9781440228926.
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