Mewat is a historical region of Haryana and Rajasthan states in northwestern India. The loose boundaries of Mewat are not precisely determined but generally include Hathin tehsil and Nuh district of Haryana, Alwar (Tijara, Kishangarh, Bas, Ramgarh, Laxmangarh tehsils and Aravalli hills tract) and Bharatpur districts (Pahari, Nagar and Kaman tehsils) of Rajasthan, and Chhata Tehsil of Mathura district in Uttar Pradesh. The region roughly corresponds to the ancient kingdom of Matsya, founded in the 5th century BCE. Mewati dialect, a slight variant of the Haryanvi and Rajasthani dialects of Hindi, is spoken in rural areas of the region. Mewati Gharana is a distinctive style of Indian classical music.
|• Haryana tehsils||Hathin, Nuh (Firozpur Jhirka, Punahana, Taoru) (SOHNA Gurgaon)|
|• Rajasthan: Alwar tehsils||Tijara, Kishangarh Bas, Ramgarh, Laxmangarh Kot Kasim, Mandawar, Umren, Rajgarh|
|• Rajasthan: Bharatpur tehsils||Pahari, Nagar, Kaman Deeg|
|• Uttar Pradesh tehsils||Chhata Tehsil in Mathura district|
Numbering around 400,000 in 2016, they consider themselves to descendants of lord Rama, lord Krishna and Arjuna. They are Hindus who converted to Islam. They practice syncretic Hindu-Muslim religion and celebrate several Hindu festivals such as Holi, Diwali and Dussehra. Their ballads are based on the Hindu epics and their marriage combine both Islamic and Hindu rituals. But due to various social reasons they have moved towards Islam, and are living Muslim life with other communities in harmony
The title of Wali-e-Mewat was used by the Khanzada Rajput rulers of Mewat State from 1372 till 1527, who ruled Mewat as an independent state. In 1372, Sultan Firuz Shah Tughlaq granted Raja Nahar Khan of Kotla Fort, the Lordship of Mewat. He established a hereditary polity in Mewat and proclaimed the title of Wali-e-Mewat. Later his descendants affirmed their own sovereignty in Mewat and ruled there till 1527.
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Nahar Khan, f.k.a Raja Sonpar Pal (1372–1402)- the founder of Mewat state and the progenitor of Khanzada Rajput Tribe.
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Bahadur Khan (1402–1412) – founded Bahadurpur in 1406.
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Akleem Khan (1412–1417)
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Feroz Khan (1417–1422) – founded Ferozepur Jhirka in 1419.
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Jalal Khan (1422–1443)
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Ahmad Khan (1443–1468)
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Zakaria Khan (1468–1485)
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Alawal Khan (1485–1504)
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Hasan Khan Mewati (1504–1527) – The last Khanzada Rajput ruler of Mewat.
Economic and infrastructure developments
The Delhi Mumbai Expressway is an under construction expressway which will pass through Mewat. Gurugram-Sohna-Nuh-Alwar road has been upgraded to National Highway and is known as NH 248A. Western Peripheral Expressway passing through Mewat also provides high speed connectivity to NH-8. The planned Rewari-Bhiwadi-Palwal railway line and Delhi-Sohna-Nuh-Ferozepur Jhirka-Alwar railway will pass through Mewat near district headquarter, Nuh.
Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati Government Medical College at Nalhar is now operational near Nuh. Haryana Wakf Board has set up its first engineering college in Mewat which is operational near Nuh.
Meo society is deeply hierarchial, and only a dynast few leaders and their clans dominate the political landscape.cref name=driver1/>
Mewat has two community radio stations: Radio Mewat and Alfaz-e-Mewat. Radio Mewat, launched in 2010, endeavours to give voice to the voiceless in backward communities. Alfaz-e-Mewat, launched in 2012, provides rural communities in and around the Mewat district with information and participatory dialogue about agriculture, water and soil health, and governance issues.
Mewat has its own monthly magazine named Mewat Kal AAj Kal. This magazine runs by Mewati students who are studying in different esteemed and prestigious educational institutions across the country. Presently Mohd Juber Khan is the editor & publisher of this RNI registered magazine.
- Mewat The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 17, p. 313.
- Meet the muslims who consider themselves descendants of arjuna, Scroll.in, 30 March 2016.
- Haryana elections: Turncoats and dynasts lead BJP battle for first victory in Mewat, Times of India, 18 October 2019.
- "MEWAT DISTRICT FULL DETAIL". easyeducation22.com (in Hindi). Retrieved 3 September 2019.
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