Meurthe-et-Moselle

Meurthe-et-Moselle (French pronunciation: [mœʁt e mɔzɛl] (listen)) is a department in the Grand Est region of France, named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers.

Meurthe-et-Moselle
Prefecture building of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department, in Nancy

Coat of arms
Location of Meurthe-et-Moselle in France
Coordinates: 48°40′N 06°10′E
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
PrefectureNancy
SubprefecturesBriey
Lunéville
Toul
Government
  President of the General CouncilMathieu Klein
Area
  Total5,246 km2 (2,025 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total733,821
  Rank33rd
  Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number54
Arrondissements4
Cantons23
Communes591
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
Part of the series on
Lorraine
Flag of Lorraine since the 13th century

History

Meurthe-et-Moselle was created in 1871 at the end of the Franco-Prussian War from the parts of the former departments of Moselle and Meurthe which remained French territory.

The current boundary between Meurthe-et-Moselle and Moselle was the border between France and Germany from 1871 to 1919 and again between 1940 and 1944. The only subsequent change took place in 1997 and involved the incorporation, for administrative reasons, of the little commune of Han-devant-Pierrepont which had previously fallen within the Meuse department.

Geography

Meurthe-et-Moselle is part of the administrative region of Grand Est and the traditional region of Lorraine and is surrounded by the departments of Meuse, Vosges, Bas-Rhin, and Moselle; and by the nations of Luxembourg and Belgium. Parts of Meurthe-et-Moselle belong to the Lorraine Regional Natural Park.

The department extends for 130 km from north to south and is between 7 and 103 km wide.

Its chief rivers are:

Most Populous Meurthe-et-Moselle communes[1]
Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population
1 Nancy Nancy-1
Nancy-2
Nancy-3
Nancy 104,072
2 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy Nancy 29,836
3 Lunéville Lunéville-1
Lunéville-2
Lunéville 19,516
4 Toul Toul Toul 16,128
5 Pont-à-Mousson Pont-à-Mousson Nancy 14,792
6 Laxou Laxou Nancy 14,681
7 Villers-lès-Nancy Laxou Nancy 14,133
8 Longwy Longwy Briey 14,092
9 Dombasle-sur-Meurthe Lunéville-1 Nancy 9,953
10 Maxéville Val de Lorraine Sud Nancy 9,796

Economy

The economy was highly dependent on mining until the 1960s. There are iron, salt, and lime extraction sites. The urban area around Nancy has a very dynamic economy based largely on services, research, and higher education.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are known as Meurthe-et-Mosellans. The area around Nancy has become highly urbanized, whereas the Saintois in the south is quite rural.

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801338,115    
1831415,568+0.69%
1841444,603+0.68%
1851450,423+0.13%
1861428,643−0.49%
1872365,137−1.45%
1881419,317+1.55%
1891444,150+0.58%
1901484,722+0.88%
1911564,730+1.54%
1921503,810−1.13%
1931592,632+1.64%
1936576,041−0.57%
1946528,805−0.85%
1954607,022+1.74%
1962678,078+1.39%
1968705,413+0.66%
1975722,588+0.34%
1982716,846−0.11%
1990711,822−0.09%
1999713,779+0.03%
2006725,303+0.23%
2016733,821+0.12%
source:[2]

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember[3]Party
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 1st constituency Carole Grandjean La République En Marche!
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 2nd constituency Laurent Garcia MoDem
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 3rd constituency Xavier Paluszkiewicz La République En Marche!
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 4th constituency Thibault Bazin The Republicans
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 5th constituency Dominique Potier Socialist Party
Meurthe-et-Moselle's 6th constituency Caroline Fiat La France Insoumise

Tourism

See also

References

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.