Metropolitan cities of Italy
The metropolitan cities of Italy (Italian: città metropolitane d'Italia) are administrative divisions of Italy, operative since 2015. The metropolitan city, as defined by law, includes a large core city and the smaller surrounding towns that are closely related to it with regard to economic activities and essential public services, as well as to cultural relations and to territorial features.
The original 1990 law individuated as metropolitan cities the comuni of Turin, Milan, Venice, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Rome, Bari, Naples and their respective hinterlands, reserving the autonomous regions the right to individuate metropolitan areas in their territory. In 2009, amendments added Reggio Calabria to the list. The metropolitan areas individuated by the autonomous regions were: Cagliari in Sardinia; Catania, Messina and Palermo in Sicily.
On 3 April 2014 the Italian Parliament approved a law that established 10 metropolitan cities in Italy, excluding the autonomous regions. Four more were added later. The new metropolitan cities have been operative since 1 January 2015.
A metropolitan city is composed from municipalities (comuni) of the same province. Each metropolitan city is headed by a metropolitan mayor (sindaco metropolitano), who is assisted by a legislative body, the metropolitan council (consiglio metropolitano), and by a non-legislative assembly, the metropolitan conference (conferenza metropolitana). The metropolitan mayor is the mayor of the provincial capital municipality. Mayors and city councillors of each municipality in the metropolitan city are eligible candidates for the metropolitan council, and are elected from amongst themselves using competing lists. The number of councillors a metropolitan city is granted depends upon its population: metropolitan cities with a population of 3 million or more have 24 councillors; metropolitan cities with a population of 800,000 but less than or equal to 3 million have 18 councillors; all other metropolitan cities have 14 councillors. The metropolitan conference is composed of mayors of the municipalities.
The main functions devolved to the new metropolitan cities are:
- local planning and zoning;
- provision of local police services;
- transport and city services regulation.
|Metropolitan city||Area (km²)||Population||Population Density (/km²)||Date||Mayor|
|5,352||4,336,915||810||3 April 2014||Virginia Raggi (M5S)|
|1,575||3,190,340||2,026||3 April 2014||Giuseppe Sala (PD)|
|1,171||3,128,702||2,672||3 April 2014||Luigi De Magistris (DemA)|
|6,829||2,293,340||336||3 April 2014||Chiara Appendino (M5S)|
|5,009||1,276,525||255||4 August 2015||Leoluca Orlando (Independent)|
|3,821||1,251,004||327||3 April 2014||Antonio Decaro (PD)|
|3,574||1,116,168||312||4 August 2015||Salvo Pogliese (FI)|
|3,514||1,007,435||287||3 April 2014||Dario Nardella (PD)|
|3,702||1,005,831||271||3 April 2014||Virginio Merola (PD)|
|1,839||864,008||470||3 April 2014||Marco Bucci (FI)|
|2,462||858,455||349||3 April 2014||Luigi Brugnaro (Independent)|
|3,266||647,477||198||4 August 2015||Cateno De Luca (UdC)|
|3,183||558,959||176||3 April 2014||Giuseppe Falcomatà (PD)|
|1,248||431,302||346||4 February 2016||Massimo Zedda (Independent)|
- http://www.edscuola.it/archivio/norme/leggi/l142_90.html Law 8 June 1990 n. 142
- Law 5 May 2009 n. 42 Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "LEGGE 7 aprile 2014, n. 56" (PDF). ponmetro.it/. Pon Metro. Retrieved 13 August 2019.