In mathematics, in the field of general topology, a topological space is said to be metacompact if every open cover has a point finite open refinement. That is, given any open cover of the topological space, there is a refinement which is again an open cover with the property that every point is contained only in finitely many sets of the refining cover.
A space is countably metacompact if every countable open cover has a point finite open refinement.
The following can be said about metacompactness in relation to other properties of topological spaces:
- Every paracompact space is metacompact. This implies that every compact space is metacompact, and every metric space is metacompact. The converse does not hold: a counter-example is the Dieudonné plank.
- Every metacompact space is orthocompact.
- Every metacompact normal space is a shrinking space
- The product of a compact space and a metacompact space is metacompact. This follows from the tube lemma.
- An easy example of a non-metacompact space (but a countably metacompact space) is the Moore plane.
- In order for a Tychonoff space X to be compact it is necessary and sufficient that X be metacompact and pseudocompact (see Watson).
A topological space X is said to be of covering dimension n if every open cover of X has a point finite open refinement such that no point of X is included in more than n + 1 sets in the refinement and if n is the minimum value for which this is true. If no such minimal n exists, the space is said to be of infinite covering dimension.
- Watson, W. Stephen (1981). "Pseudocompact metacompact spaces are compact". Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 81: 151–152. doi:10.1090/s0002-9939-1981-0589159-1.
- Steen, Lynn Arthur; Seebach, J. Arthur Jr. (1995) . Counterexamples in Topology (Dover reprint of 1978 ed.). Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-0-486-68735-3. MR 0507446. P.23.