Menen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmeːnə(n)], West Flemish dialect: Mêenn [ˈmeːnən] or Mêende [ˈmeːndə]) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. The municipality comprises the city of Menen proper and the towns of Lauwe and Rekkem. The city is situated on the French/Belgian border. On January 1, 2006, Menen had a total population of 32,413. The total area is 33.07 km² which gives a population density of 980 inhabitants per km².
Town hall of Menen
Coat of arms
Location in Belgium
|Coordinates: 50°48′N 03°07′E|
|• Mayor||Martine Fournier (CD&V)|
|• Governing party/ies||NVA, CD&V, Open VLD|
|• Total||33.07 km2 (12.77 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)|
Menen's position near the French border led to many sieges in the history of the city. There were as many as 22 sieges between 1579 and 1830.
The city was part of France between 1668 and 1713. Vauban turned Menen into a model-fortification (1679–1689).
The city was besieged and taken by the Duke of Marlborough's allied Army in August 1706. During the Flanders Campaign of the Wars of the French Revolution the city changed hands several times. There was a devastating fire in 1750 that almost completely destroyed the city. It was also the scene of a battle in September 1793.
In 2013 the city drew international attention by forbidding its civil servants to speak French with francophones. The mayor, Martine Fournier, ordered that, if necessary, the communication should be in sign language .
A new art museum, the Stadsmuseum ’t Schippershof, opened in 1999 which holds many works by Menen-born sculptor Yvonne Serruys. Opposed to 't Schippershof there is the cultural center CC De Steiger that houses the city's theater, public library and a concert space for live music.
The municipality of Menen consists of Menen proper, Lauwe and Rekkem. In the area of Rekkem, there's also the hamlet Paradijs (Rekkem), separated by Rekkem proper by the A14/E17. In addition to the central town, Menen proper also contains the parishes and districts De Barakken and Ons Dorp. Menen proper is mainly located north of the Leie, Lauwe and Rekkem are located south of the river. The urban area of the city of Menen is directly connected with the urban area of the French municipality Halluin.
- De Barakken
– Ons Dorp
|16,49 ||19.246 |
Notable people from Menen
- Jonathan Breyne (born 1991), cyclist
- Yves Chauvin (1930–2015), French chemist, Nobel Prize winner 2005
- Paul Deman (1889–1961), cyclist
- David De Marchi (born 1985), Industrial Markets Goeroe, was born in La Louviere
- Bernard Lietaer, (1942-2019), economist, was born in Lauwe
- Jean-André van der Mersch (1734–1792), leader of the Brabant patriots in the Brabant Revolution in 1789
- Arthur Van Overberghe (born 1990), cyclist
- Yvonne Serruys (1873–1953), Franco-Belgian artist
- Gerard Vandenbussche (1902–1986) entrepreneur
- Louis Verhelst (born 1990), cyclist
- Maurits Withouck (born 1928), sculptor
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