Melitta Muszely (born 13 September 1927) is an Austrian operatic soprano and a voice teacher. She made a career based in Germany, mainly at the Hamburg State Opera with guest contracts to the Komische Oper Berlin and the Vienna State Opera, among others. She took part in world premieres, and performed internationally in Europe. She appeared as all four female characters in Offenbach's Hoffmanns Erzählungen in the legendary 1958 production by Walter Felsenstein, and sang recitals until 2008.
Muszely as Antonia in Offenbach's Hoffmanns Erzählungen, 1958
|Born||13 September 1927|
Muszely's family originally came from Hungary. She was born in Vienna, and studied at the Konservatorium der Stadt Wien: piano with Roland Rautenstrauch, and voice with Maria Freiberg-Marx.
In 1950, she made her debut at the Stadttheater Regensburg. In 1952, she moved to the Opernhaus Kiel, and from 1954 to 1968 she was a member of the Hamburg State Opera. There she took part in several opera premieres, including Ernst Krenek's Pallas Athene weint (1955) and Klebe's Figaro läßt sich scheiden (1963).
Muszely had several guest contracts, among others with the Berlin State Opera and the Komische Oper Berlin. In 1958, she portrayed four female characters (Olympia, Antonia, Giulietta, Stella) in Offenbach's Hoffmanns Erzählungen at the Komische Oper Berlin in the legendary production by Walter Felsenstein. In the opera, the poet tells three stories of frustrated love while waiting for Stella. In 1970, she again played the four figures in Felsenstein's DEFA film version of the opera.
Muszely appeared at the Vienna State Opera from 1963 to 1967, in the Mozart roles Pamina in Die Zauberflöte, Donna Elvira in Don Giovanni and Susanna in Le nozze di Figaro. She also appeared there as Marzelline in Beethoven's Fidelio, as Marie in Smetana's Die verkaufte Braut, in the title role Violetta Valéry in Verdi's La Traviata, and as Sophie in Der Rosenkavalier by Richard Strauss. International guest performances have taken Muszely to the Zurich Opera House and opera stages of Paris, Venice and Lisbon and to the Salzburg and Edinburgh Festivals.
Muszely was also a lieder and concert singer, and a voice teacher. She appeared in recitals until 2008.
Muszely became known mainly as a coloratura soprano but also performed lyric soprano repertoire. She was regarded as a specialist for Mozart roles, but also for characters by Richard Strauss, such as Sophie and the title role of Arabella. She also performed in rarely performed operas, such as the title role in Busoni's Turandot.
Muszely's musical work, which has been transmitted through radio recordings, live recordings and records, has been partially re-released on CD in recent years. Muszely also recorded numerous operettes for radio, often as a partner of Fritz Wunderlich: Lehár's Der Zarewitsch and The Land of Smiles, Leo Fall's Die Rose von Stambul.
- Carl Maria von Weber: Der Freischütz (excerpts), with Melitta Muszely, Horst Günter, Sándor Kónya, Arnold van Mill, James Pease, Ernst Wiemann, conductor: Wilhelm Brückner-Rüggeberg, NDR Symphonieorchester (1957)
- Bedřich Smetana: Die verkaufte Braut, excerpt with Barry McDaniel, Cvetka Ahlin, Melitta Muszely, Martti Talvela, Ruth Hesse, Rudolf Schock, Kurt Böhme; choir and orchestra of the Deutsche Oper Berlin, conductor: Heinrich Hollreiser, LP, Album, Electrola
- Georges Bizet: Carmen, with Christa Ludwig, Rudolf Schock, Hermann Prey, Melitta Muszely, Iwan Rebroff, conductor: Horst Stein, Berliner Symphoniker, CD, EMI
- Richard Strauss: Arabella, with Muszely in the title role, Liselotte Hammes (Zdenka), Hugh Beresford (Mandryka), Willi Brokmeier (Matteo) and others, conducted by Meinhard von Zallinger (1966, live from La Fenice)
- "Muszely (verh. Filippi), Melitta". musiklexikon.ac.at (in German). Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- "Pallas Athene weint". www.operinwien.at.
- Müller-Marein, Josef (5 July 1963). "Rokoko emigriert in die Gegenwart / Giselher Klebes neue Oper "Figaro läßt sich scheiden" in Hamburg uraufgeführt". Die Zeit (in German). Retrieved 22 March 2019.
- "Szenenbilder aus der Oper "Hoffmanns Erzählungen" von Jacques Offenbach in der Inszenierung von Walter Felsenstein (musikal. Leitung: Václav Neumann, Bühnenbild und Kostüme: R. Heinrich). Komische Oper Berlin, 25.01.1958". deutschefotothek.de (in German). Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- "Blühende Sopranstimmen – Hilde Güden und Melitta Muszely" (in German). Austrian Radio. 4 September 2017. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- Steiger, Karsten (2011). Opern-Diskographie: Verzeichnis aller Audio- und Video-Gesamtaufnahmen (in German). Walter de Gruyter. pp. 459, 660. ISBN 978-3-11-095596-5.
- "Vorstellungen mit Melitty Muszely" (in German). Vienna State Opera. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- Melitta Muszely on JPC
- Fritz Wunderlich's Colleagues anthology by Andreas Praefcke
- "Recordings by Melitta Muszely | Stream on IDAGIO". IDAGIO.
- Der Freischütz : (Auszüge); [eine Aufnahme vom November 1957 aus dem NDR Studio III in Hamburg WorldCat
- Heinrich Hollreiser / Bedrich Smetana: Die verkaufte Braut AllMusic
- Recordings on muziekweb.eu