Mediacorp Pte. Ltd. (Chinese: 新传媒私人有限公司, abbreviated as Mediacorp) is a Singaporean public broadcasting conglomerate. It holds interests in radio, television and digital content creation. It runs 6 television channels and 11 radio stations, making it the largest media business in Singapore; it holds a monopoly on free-to-air television in Singapore. It is owned by Temasek Holdings, a state-owned investment arm.
|Founded||15 June 1999|
12 February 2001 (renaming of Television Corporation of Singapore, Radio Corporation of Singapore, Singapore Television Twelve to Mediacorp TV, Mediacorp Radio, Mediacorp TV12 respectively, merged into Mediacorp)
|Headquarters||Mediacorp Campus, 1 Stars Avenue, Singapore 138507|
|Niam Chang Meng (Chairman)|
Tham Loke Kheng (CEO)
|Subsidiaries||Mediacorp TV Singapore Pte Ltd|
Mediacorp VizPro International Pte Ltd
Singapore Media Academy
Media Research Consultants Pte Ltd
1-Net Singapore Pte Ltd
Mediacorp's origins can be traced to the British Malaya Broadcasting Corporation, which was awarded a broadcasting license by the British crown on 1 June 1936 as a radio network. One year later, in 1937, the company officially opened its studios and transmitters at Caldecott Hill. The corporation was taken over by the Straits Settlement government in 1940 as a part of the British Department of Information, known back then as the Malaya Broadcasting Corporation, the local counterpart to the BBC. Radio news and information, as well as local entertainment, were aired in its stations in English (and later Mandarin and Malay). On the basis of the Radio Malaya broadcasters that moved to Kuala Lumpur in 1958, Radio Singapore took over the year after as the radio service for Singapore, organized into a station each for English, Malay and Mandarin listerers.
Shortly after Singapore reached self-government status on 3 June 1959, there were plans to obtain television transmission rights. This manifested the founding of Television Singapura in 4 April 1961. Television Singapura started test broadcasts from 21 January to 15 February 1963, when it was officially launched as the first television station in Singapore. On 2 April that year, Channel 5, the then new channel, began regular broadcasts. On 23 November that year, Channel 8 was launched and programming was split, with Channel 5 airing English and Malay programming and Channel 8 programming in Mandarin and other Chinese dialects together with Tamil.
In January 1964, Television Singapura became the state branch of the new Televisyen Malaysia from Kuala Lumpur and was subsequently rebranded as sister channel "Television Malaysia (Singapura)", while Radio Singapura's stations became part of Radio Malaysia.
1965–1980: Radio Television Singapore
After the separation of Singapore from the Malaysian federation, all of the Malaysian television and radio operations in Singapore were fused to become Radio Television Singapore (RTS), a part of the Ministry of Culture. RTS was officially dissolved in 31 January 1980 and its assets transferred to the then new Singapore Broadcasting Corporation, a statutory board under national supervision.
1980–1994: Singapore Broadcasting Corporation
On 31 January 1984, SBC started broadcasting on channel 12. It also launched two radio stations: "Perfect 10" and "YES", the latter airing Mandarin music. SBC began stereo broadcasting on its television channels on 1 August 1990.
An educational programming block known as CDIS began airing on channel 12 on 4 January 1993. On 1 February of that year, SBC celebrated its 30 years of television broadcasting. On 7 June that year, Channel 8 expanded its airtime on weekdays, from 3:00 pm until closedown. On 1 December that year, SBC launched a satellite television network named Singapore International Television (SITV). On 1 January 1994, Channel 12 began broadcasting Malay programmes during primetime, resulting in Channel 5 becoming a full-fledged English language channel for the first time.
On 1 October that year, SBC was privatised into a new holding group called the Singapore International Media Company Group (SIM), divided into three divisions: Television Corporation of Singapore (TCS), Radio Corporation of Singapore (RCS) and Singapore Television Twelve (STV12). On 1 January 1999, the Media Corporation of Singapore (MediaCorp) took over the operations of the three divisions as SITV ended operations.
Channel 8 began airing 24 hours a day on 1 September 1995. On the same day, STV12 renamed channel 12 as Prime 12, which focused on multilingual programming in Malay, Tamil, English, and foreign languages. It also launched a new channel called Premiere 12, which was centred on niche programming such as sports, arts, culture, documentaries and kids' series. Meanwhile channel 8 switched its programming to a Mandarin language-oriented one. At the same time, all Tamil programming was moved to Prime 12. Channel 5 became the second TV channel to broadcast 24 hours a day, starting from 29 September that year.
TCS launched its own film production studio Raintree Pictures on 1 August 1998.
1999–2015: Media Corporation of Singapore
On 1 March 1999, Mediacorp launched Channel NewsAsia (CNA) as its first dedicated news network, broadcasting as an analogue, free-to-air channel.
On 15 June that year, the Singapore International Media group of companies restructured into MediaCorp to prepare for media competition in Singapore, which happened two years later.
On 30 January 2000 Prime 12 and Premiere 12 were renamed Suria and Central, respectively. Suria became a Malay-language channel while Central was divided into three timeshared networks. SportCity, a sports channel, was also launched on the same year.
On 12 February 2001, the Television Corporation of Singapore, Radio Corporation of Singapore and Singapore Television Twelve were renamed to Mediacorp TV, Mediacorp Radio, Mediacorp TV12 respectively as part of a new management plan.
The television monopoly was broken on 6 May that year when Singapore Press Holdings (SPH) was given a television broadcasting licence, resulting in the founding of SPH MediaWorks. MediaWorks launched two channels: the Chinese-language Channel U and English-language TV Works, which was later renamed to Channel i. At the same time, MediaCorp was granted the license to distribute the daily tabloid Today.
However, to stop further economic losses due to competition with each other, SPH agreed to merged some ofits businesses with Mediacorp on 17 September 2004. It was legally completed on 31 December of that year, creating the new holding company MediaCorp TV Holdings, which would manage and operate the remaining channels. SPH-owned Channel i was later closed down due to low ratings.
On 11 November 2007, HD5 was launched and Channel 5 became the first DTT station in Singapore to broadcast in HD. MediaCorp also launched MOBTV, an online television service. Its radio division was forced to block users from the United States due to royalty rates imposed by the US Copyright Royalty Board.
On 19 October 2008, Central's three timeshared networks were divided into two independent channels: the kids and arts programming blocks were replaced by Okto and took over SPH Mediaworks Channel i's channel space. On the other hand, Vasantham took over the channel space left by Central.
Channel NewsAsia was relaunched on 21 January 2013, and officially broadcasts 24 hours a day with live news bulletins and breaking news throughout the night. On 30 September that year, Mediacorp shut down its Teletext service, whilst on 16 December that year, all MediaCorp free-to-air channels on DTT were upgraded to DVB-T2.
On 4 May 2015, okto started airing in HD while CNA started airing in HD on 26 May that year.
2015–2019: Post-transition to digital terrestrial television
On 8 December of that year, Mediacorp opened its new studios, new head office, new broadcast center, new building, new media office and new headquarters new name Mediacorp Campus in 1 Stars Avenue and new logo and slogan New Visual, New Idol, New Youth, New Teen, New Light after golden charmed by Charmed-Constance M. Burge and Prime Minister of Singapore-Lee Hsien Loong.
On 1 May 2019 at midnight, Mediacorp channel Okto ceases broadcast after nearly 11 years of broadcast and was merged with another English language channel, Mediacorp Channel 5, with the frequency transferred to Infocomm Media Development Authority. The resultant channel is OktoOn5; programs for the daytime dayparting and CNA simulcast were replaced by Okto programs except Oktosports (which are reserved for Toggle's Over-the-top Content), while noontime, primetime and nighttime programs are unaffected and are used for Channel 5 programmings.
Mediacorp offers eleven FM radio channels. The company's digital audio broadcasting service was discontinued on 1 December 2011.
|89.7 MHz||Ria 89.7FM||Malay||Top 40 (CHR)|
|90.5 MHz||Gold 90.5FM||English||Classic hits|
|92.4 MHz||Symphony 924||English||Classical|
|93.3 MHz||Y.E.S. 93.3FM||Chinese||Top 40 (CHR)|
|93.8 MHz||CNA938||English||Talk radio|
|94.2 MHz||Warna 94.2FM||Malay||News, infotainment|
|95.0 MHz||Class 95FM||English||Adult contemporary|
|95.8 MHz||Capital 95.8FM||Chinese||Talk radio|
|96.8 MHz||Oli 96.8FM||Tamil||Infotainment|
|97.2 MHz||Love 97.2FM||Chinese||Easy listening|
|98.7 MHz||987FM||English||Top 40 (CHR)|
Mediacorp offers six channels, including vernacular channels in Singapore.
|Suria||Malay||News, culture, entertainment and children|
|Channel U||Chinese||News and entertainment|
|Channel 8||News, culture and entertainment|
|Vasantham||Tamil||News and entertainment|
|CNA||English||24 hour global news, current affairs and lifestyle|
Toggle was launched in 2013 as an OTT service. On 1 April 2015, xinmsn was closed down and merged with Toggle. Toggle is Mediacorp’s digital service that redefines TV viewing, bringing Toggle Originals, catch-up content, live coverage of key national events, news, entertainment, and behind-the-scene exclusives to viewers across multiple devices – computers, tablets, smartphones, Smart TVs and Apple TVs.
Mediacorp Partner Network
In 2018, Mediacorp launched the Mediacorp Partner Network, an initiative that brings the company together with partner organisations to deliver a richer experience for consumers and advertisers. Under the MPN, Mediacorp signed agreements with industry-leading brands like:
- ESPN on 6 August 2018, where Mediacorp will be the exclusive representative for all ad sales in Singapore for ESPN.com, while ESPN will launch a dedicated Singapore edition of the signature ESPN site - espn.com.sg to deliver a mix of local sports news and features in addition to unmatched coverage of the most relevant and popular sports and leagues from around the globe.
- 99.co on 29 August 2018 to combine Mediacorp's multi-platform audience reach and deep commercials relationships with 99.co's largest listing base, extensive content, and data analytics tools to create more relevant property related news and information for consumers.
- Edipresse in November 2018 to co-develop content experiences across digital editorial platforms, TV, live radio and events. Such content will be made available on both Mediacorp and Edipresse Media platforms, utilising the regional reach and influence of both companies.
- VICE on 23 April 2019 to bring original VICE digital and TV content to a new Singapore audience via Mediacorp's multi-platform reach.
Some of Mediacorp’s flagship programmes include:
- Star Awards – Mediacorp’s marquee awards event, held annually to celebrate the best of local entertainment and honour achievements of artistes.
- 118 – long-form Channel 8 drama, chronicling the heartwarming daily stories surrounding the “118 Coffeeshop”. 255-episode 118 I aired from 2014 – 2015, 218-episode 118 II ran from 2016 – 2017, and a special 23-episode 118 Reunion aired in 2018.
- Tanglin – long-form Channel 5 daily drama that centred on the lives of multiracial and multigenerational families in a middle-income neighbourhood, in the Holland Village, Tanglin. The 823-episode show ran from 2015 to 2018.
- KIN – ongoing long-form Channel 5 weekends drama launched in 2018 (after Tanglin’s conclusion), featuring complexities of life, love and family relationships in contemporary Singapore.
- Getai Challenge – singing talent search competition that aimed to promote the Getai culture and discover aspiring Getai singers. Season 1 was shown on Channel 8 in 2015, and Season 2 in 2018.
- SPOP SING! – initiative launched by Mediacorp in 2018 to showcase and curate local music compositions, heighten the awareness of Singapore music and discover the next voice to put Singapore on the Mandopop map. The Grand Final was held at the Padang on 4 November 2018.
- Abang Teksi - Suria only Malay sitcom aired season 1 from 2017 and season 2 from 2019.
- "New Mediacorp CEO is Shaun Seow". Channel News Asia. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- "Telecommunications, Media & Technology". Temasek Corporate Website English. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- "Telecommunications, Media & Technology". Temasek Corporate Website English. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- Teo, P. L. (16 June 1999). "SIMple change of name for media group.(p. 3)". The Straits Times. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- "MediaCorp Group New Management Team at MediaCorp & New Business/Collabrotions/Program Acquisition". MediaCorp. 12 February 2001. Archived from the original on 24 December 2001. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
- "MediaCorp's HD channel – HD5 – lifts off". MediaCorp. 13 October 2007. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- "Channel NewsAsia relaunches". 21 January 2013. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "Teletext to end service this month". TODAYonline. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
- "All MediaCorp TV channels now available in digital broadcast". Channel News Asia. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
- MediaCorp to move to Buona Vista
- "Broadcasts, Dramas and Dreams... Caldecott Hill in 80 Years". RemSG. 16 April 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- "Mediacorp integrates English language channels Channel 5 and okto". Channel NewsAsia. 20 February 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "MediaCorp : Radio". Archived from the original on 25 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- "Digital radio from MediaCorp to cease". Channel NewsAsia. 1 November 2011. Archived from the original on 2 November 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- Shah, Kyle Malinda (1 April 2015). "Goodbye Xinmsn, Hello Toggle: Microsoft & MediaCorp Disband Entertainment Site". Yahoo. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- "TOGGLE". Mediacorp. Archived from the original on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- Lawler, Ryan (28 January 2013). "MediaCorp Taps Tvinci To Launch Toggle, Its Virtual Cable Service In Singapore". TechCrunch. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- Farzanah Farveen (7 August 2018). "Mediacorp Partner Network brings on board ESPN in multi-year agreement". Marketing Interactive. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "Mediacorp Partner Network and 99.co tie up". Marketing Interactive. 31 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "Mediacorp and Edipresse Media Singapore join hands to deliver luxury content". Asia Radio Today. 4 May 2019. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
- "Mediacorp Partner Network and 99.co tie up". Channel NewsAsia. 4 May 2019. Retrieved 23 April 2019.