Media of Germany
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The modern printing press developed in Mainz in the 15th century, and its innovative technology spread quickly throughout Europe and the world. In the 20th century period prior and during World War II, mass media propaganda in Nazi Germany was prevalent. Since the 1980s a "dual system of public and commercial" broadcasting has replaced the previous public system.
Many in Germany read the weekly Der Spiegel.
As of 2015, widely read national newspapers include Süddeutsche Zeitung, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Die Welt, and Bild. "Germans are voracious readers of newspapers and periodicals.... The economic state of Germany’s several hundred newspapers and thousands of periodicals is enviably healthy. Most major cities support two or more daily newspapers, in addition to community periodicals, and few towns of any size are without their own daily newspaper."
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.
- Peter Humphreys (1994). Media and Media Policy in Germany (2nd ed.). ISBN 0854968539.
- Euromedia Research Group; Mary Kelly; et al., eds. (2004). "Germany". Media in Europe (3rd ed.). Sage Publications. ISBN 978-0-7619-4132-3.
- Mass Media, Culture and Society in Twentieth-Century Germany. Palgrave Macmillan. 2006. ISBN 978-0-230-80093-9.
- Ross Eaman (2009). "Germany". Historical Dictionary of Journalism. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6289-0.
- Jürgen Wilke (2015). "Germany: Media System". In Wolfgang Donsbach (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Communication. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-118-78923-0.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Germany", Freedom of the Press, US: Freedom House, 2016, OCLC 57509361
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