Matupi Cave

Matupi Cave is a cave in the Mount Hoyo massif of the Ituri Rainforest, Democratic Republic of the Congo and northeastern Zaire, where archaeologists have found evidence for Later Stone Age human occupation spanning over 40,000 years.[1] The cave has some of the earliest evidence in the world for microlithic tool technologies.[2][3]

Matupi Cave
Matupi Cave
LocationDemocratic Republic of the Congo
Coordinates1.193327°N 30.008462°E / 1.193327; 30.008462

Today, although Matupi Cave is located in the rainforest, evidence shows that the region used to be savanna. Between 12,000 and 3,000 BP, rainforests began to emerge.[3][4]


  1. Noten, Francis Van (1977-03-01). "Excavations at Matupi cave". Antiquity. 51 (201): 35–40. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00100572. ISSN 0003-598X.
  2. Shaw, Ian; Jameson, Robert (1999). A Dictionary of Archaeology. Blackwell. p. 30.
  3. The Archaeology of Africa: Food, Metals and Towns (One World Archaeology). Routledge. 1995. p. 297. ISBN 978-0415115858.
  4. Bednarik, Robert; Beaumont, Peter (January 2012). "Pleistocene Engravings from Wonderwerk Cave, South Africa". Research Gate.

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