Mascoutah, Illinois

Mascoutah is a small city in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States, named for the Mascoutens, a tribe of the Illinois Indians.[3] The population was 7,483 at the 2010 census. The population was 8,029 at the 2018 census.

Location of Mascoutah in St. Clair County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 38°29.5′N 89°47.8′W
CountryUnited States
CountySt. Clair
  Total9.69 sq mi (25.09 km2)
  Land9.54 sq mi (24.71 km2)
  Water0.15 sq mi (0.38 km2)
  Density834.78/sq mi (322.31/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
Area code(s)618 Exchange: 566
FIPS code17-47423
Wikimedia CommonsMascoutah, Illinois


The town of Mascoutah was originally established in 1837 as Mechanicsburg. This was disputed with the establishment of a Post Office; the inhabitants were informed that another township in Illinois was already named Mechanicsburg. The town was renamed after the Mascouten tribe, and was officially designated Mascoutah in 1839.[4][3]

Mascoutah was considered a progressive town near the turn of the 20th century. The town saw steady growth thanks to the construction of a train depot in 1870, courtesy of the Southern Railway Company. The largest Turner Hall in Southern Illinois was established in Mascoutah in 1873[5] which served as the center of town social life, and the town constructed its own citizen owned power plant in 1894. The Mascoutah Herald was established in 1885 and remains in production to this day.[6][7] In 1903 the Belleville And Mascoutah Electric Railway Company planned an electric rail system to Belleville that was delayed and never completed.[5]

The train depot shut down, the Turner Hall eventually became the chamber of commerce, and the municipal power plant now houses the city's fleet and equipment maintenance department.[8]


The Mascoutah Civic Center is located at 38°29.5′N 89°47.8′W (38.4922, -89.7968).[9]

According to the 2010 census, Mascoutah has a total area of 9.65 square miles (24.99 km2), of which 9.5 square miles (24.60 km2) (or 98.45%) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2) (or 1.55%) is water.[10]


Historical population
Est. 20188,029[2]7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

Mascoutah was the United States center of population point in 1970. As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 5,659 people, 2,162 households, and 1,571 families residing in the city. The population density was 655.1 people per square mile (252.9/km²). There were 2,309 housing units at an average density of 267.3 per square mile (103.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.73% White, 4.19% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.75% of the population.

There were 2,162 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,451, and the median income for a family was $55,018. Males had a median income of $37,182 versus $23,156 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,569. About 6.3% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.


Mascoutah is located about 7 km (4 mi) south of Interstate 64 (Exit 23) on Highway 4 at Highway 177. It is about 46 km (29 mi) east St. Louis, Missouri. Mascoutah is accessible to St. Louis and Lambert Airport by Metrolink from its Shiloh station a few miles northwest of town. Mascoutah is home to Mid America Airport. Nearby Scott AFB is a major employer and base residents attend school in Mascoutah. Downtown St. Louis is 30 minutes away, West County St Louis is 45 minutes away, and South County St Louis is 35 minutes away.


There are three parks in town that offer a wide array of activities. Scheve Park has two swimming pools, 6 baseball diamonds (2 with lights), a lit sand volleyball court, lit horseshoe pits, two soccer fields, skate park, ten pavilions varying in size, and several playground areas. Scheve Park also has a restored train caboose and dining car that visitors can tour. Maple Park is equipped with outdoor basketball facilities, a ball playing area, playground equipment, and a family sized pavilion. Prairie Park has two fishing lakes, a fountain, and a pavilion.[13][14][15]


Mascoutah Community Unit School District#19 serves the city. There are five schools in the district: Mascoutah Community High School, Mascoutah Middle School, Mascoutah Elementary School, Scott Air Force Base Elementary School, and Wingate Elementary School.

Holy Childhood School is the private Catholic school in Mascoutah. It offers preschool through eighth grade.



  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 29, 2017.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  3. "History of Mascoutah". Mascoutah, Illinois. City of Mascoutah. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  4. Illinois (1839). Laws of the State of Illinois Enacted by the ... General Assembly at the Extra Session ... Illinois State Journal Company, State Printers.
  5. Snyder, Thomas S. (2010-10-11). Mascoutah. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781439640975.
  6. Bateman, Newton; Selby, Paul; McLean, Alexander; Wilderman, Alonzo St Clair; Wilderman, Augusta A. (1907). Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois. Munsell Publishing Company.
  7. "Home". Herald Publications. Retrieved 2017-07-05.
  8. "Electric | City of Mascoutah IL". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  9. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  11. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. "Parks & Recreation - Mascoutah, Illinois ". Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  14. "Scheve Park - Mascoutah -". Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  15. "I Fish Illinois--Kids fishing". Retrieved 8 March 2015.
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