Mary of Avesnes

Marie of Hainaut (1280–1354) was the daughter of John II, Count of Holland and Philippa of Luxembourg, her brother was William I, Count of Hainaut.

Mary of Avesnes
Mary of Avesnes
SpouseLouis I, Duke of Bourbon
FatherJohn II, Count of Holland
MotherPhilippa of Luxembourg


Her nieces by her brother William were Margaret II, Countess of Hainaut who married Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor; and Philippa of Hainault, Queen of England, who married Edward III and was the mother of nine surviving children including Edward, the Black, Prince of Wales, father of Richard II, and John of Gaunt, father of Henry IV, and founder of the House of Lancaster.


In 1310 Mary married Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, son of Robert, Count of Clermont and Beatrix of Bourbon. They had eight children,

  1. Peter I, Duke of Bourbon (13111356), killed at the Battle of Poitiers
  2. Jeanne (13121402), married in 1324 Guigues VII, Count of Forez
  3. Marguerite (13131362), married on July 6, 1320 Jean II de Sully, married in 1346 Hutin de Vermeilles
  4. Marie of Bourbon (13151387, Naples), married first in Nicosia in January 1330 Guy of Lusignan (d. 1343), titular Prince of Galilee, married second on September 9, 1347 Robert of Taranto, the titular Latin Emperor. Only her first marriage produced surviving children.
  5. Philip (1316 aft. 1327)
  6. James (1318)
  7. James I, Count of La Marche (1319 1362), killed at the Battle of Brignais, from whom the later royal Bourbons descend.
  8. Beatrice of Bourbon, Queen of Bohemia[1] (1320 December 23, 1383, Danvillers), married first at Vincennes in 1334 John of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia as his second wife, married herself second c. 1347 Eudes II of Grancey (d. 1389)



  1. Goeij, Hana de (23 November 2016). "A Breakthrough in C-Section History: Beatrice of Bourbon's Survival in 1337". New York Times. p. A17. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
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