Mary Baldwin University
Mary Baldwin University (MBU, formerly Mary Baldwin College) is a private Presbyterian liberal arts, master's-level university in Staunton, Virginia. It was founded in 1842 by Rufus William Bailey as Augusta Female Seminary. Today, Mary Baldwin University is home to the Mary Baldwin College for Women, a residential women's college with a focus on liberal arts and leadership, as well as co-educational residential undergraduate programs within its University College structure. MBU also offers co-educational graduate degrees as well as undergraduate degree and certificate programs for non-traditional-aged students.
|Augusta Female Seminary, Mary Baldwin Seminary, Mary Baldwin College|
|Motto||Non pro tempore sed aeternitate|
Motto in English
|"Not for time but for eternity"|
|Type||Private liberal arts college|
|Endowment||US $34.3 million|
|95 full-time, 118 part-time, 91% of full-time hold terminal degree|
|Campus||small city, 58.5 acres|
|Colors||Gold and white|
Each class has its own colors.
|NCAA Division III – USA South|
|Mascot||Gladys the Squirrel|
Location in Shenandoah Valley
Mary Baldwin University (Virginia)
Mary Baldwin University (the United States)
The university is the oldest institution of higher education for women in the nation affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (USA), and it is home to the only all-female corps of cadets in the world.
Located in Staunton, Virginia within Augusta County, the university was founded as the Augusta Female Seminary in 1842 by Rufus William Bailey. Among the first students was Mary Julia Baldwin. In 1863, Baldwin was named principal and headed the school through the Civil War, although most schools in the area had closed due to the war and economic hardship. The school was renamed Mary Baldwin Seminary in 1895 in honor of Baldwin. In 1923, the name changed to Mary Baldwin College when the school became a four-year institution. In 1963, Mary Baldwin officially ended its policy of admitting only white women.
When Staunton Military Academy (SMA) closed in 1976, its grounds and buildings were purchased by Mary Baldwin, expanding the campus from 19 acres to 58.5. In 1977, Mary Baldwin became the first college in Virginia to launch an adult degree program. Cynthia Haldenby Tyson was appointed as the eighth president in 1985. That same year, the Program for the Exceptionally Gifted (PEG) was established to allow academically gifted girls to earn bachelor's degrees.
The Virginia Women's Institute for Leadership was established as the only all-female cadet corps in 1995. In 2001, the university established the Shakespeare and Performance graduate program after the American Shakespeare Center opened the Blackfriars Playhouse in Staunton.
After 18 years as president, Cynthia Haldenby Tyson retired and Pamela Fox, dean of Miami University's School of Fine Arts, was named the ninth president in 2003.
In May 2015, the Board of Trustees voted unanimously to change the name of the institution to Mary Baldwin University, effective August 31, 2016, reflecting the school's range of bachelor's, master's, and doctoral programs.
Mary Baldwin University offers Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Social Work degrees in more than 30 majors. Undergraduate degrees are offered through the Mary Baldwin College for Women and two co-educational programs: University College and Online and Adult Programs. The school offers graduate degrees through the College of Education (Master of Arts in Teaching and Master of Education), Murphy Deming College of Health Sciences (Doctor of Occupational Therapy, Doctor of Physical Therapy, Master of Science in Physician Assistant, and RN-to-BSN), and the Shakespeare and Performance program (Master of Letters and Master of Fine Arts).
Additionally, Mary Baldwin offers fast-track degrees, bachelor's-plus-master's-degree plans, professional school preparation and certificate programs. Community service and study-abroad opportunities are supplied through the Spencer Center for Civic and Global Engagement, which opened in 2007.
The co-educational Master of Letters and Master of Fine Arts students in the Shakespeare and Performance program is partnered with the American Shakespeare Center, allowing the students to learn and perform in the Blackfriars Playhouse located a block away from campus.
The Heifetz International Music Institute, founded by violinist Daniel Heifetz, was moved from its Wolfeboro, New Hampshire location to Mary Baldwin University in 2012. The institute accepts applicants annually from around the world and offers summer programs for classically trained musicians.
MBU has also partnered with international organizations including the Clinton Global Initiative and Women for Women International to sponsor participants in Women for Women programs and raise awareness of human trafficking around the world.
Mary Baldwin has partnerships with several women's colleges around the world including Doshisha Women's College of Liberal Arts in Japan, Sungshin Women's University in South Korea, and Lady Doak College in India.
The Virginia Women's Institute for Leadership (VWIL)
Founded in 1995 by request of the Commonwealth of Virginia, VWIL (pronounced "vee-will") is an all-female cadet corps and four-year program preparing participants for both military and civilian leadership through academics, fitness, military training, practical experiences and co-circular activities. Cadets also participate in co-educational ROTC training. Commandant of the corps of cadets is Brig. Gen. Teresa "Terry" A. H. Djuric (USAF, Retired).
Program for the Exceptionally Gifted
The Program for the Exceptionally Gifted (PEG) at MBU is an acceleration program for girls ages 13 to 15 who have not completed high school. The program was founded in 1985 with a class of 11 students and now enrolls approximately 30 new students each year. Participants ("PEGs") attend classes with traditional-age students with the exception of a mandatory, PEG specific, introductory philosophy course named "Knowing the Self" (Phil 112). PEGs typically earn a bachelor's degree in the normal four years.
The MBU main campus is located in Staunton, and its Murphy Deming College of Health Sciences is located on a branch campus in nearby Fishersville, Virginia. The college operates regional centers throughout Virginia in Charlottesville, Emporia, Glenns, Kilmarnock, Richmond, Roanoke, South Boston, South Hill, Warsaw, Weyers Cave, and Williamsburg.
The first building on Staunton campus was the Mary Baldwin University, Main Building, built in 1844. The building now houses administrative offices and has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) since 1973.
MBU celebrates several annual traditions with the surrounding community. Every autumn, Mary Baldwin University commemorates Apple Day, during which students and faculty glean apples at a Virginia orchard. In recent years, the collected fruit has been distributed to area food pantries. The college also has marked Founders Day each October since 1898 to honor founders Mary Julia Baldwin and Rufus William Bailey.
The "Mary Baldwin College Fight Song" is sung to the tune of "Blue and Gold." The song was used by Staunton Military Academy (SMA) until it closed in 1976. After Mary Baldwin purchased the SMA campus, the college began using the academy's athletic fields, adopted the melody of the SMA fight song in 2008, and still flies SMA flags during parades. VWIL continues to hold an annual SMA reunion weekend involving a parade, banquet, and awarding of several scholarships.
Apple Day is celebrated annually at Mary Baldwin. Classes are cancelled on one day in the fall to allow time for several service projects, including an apple gleaning, and an apple-themed carnival.
Mary Baldwin's teams participate as a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division III. The Fighting Squirrels are a member of the USA South Athletic Conference (USA South). Men’s sports include baseball, basketball (2020-21), cross country, soccer, tennis, and track and field. Women's sports include basketball, cross country, soccer, softball, tennis, track and field, and volleyball.
- Tallulah Bankhead, actress
- Claudia Brind-Woody, IBM executive
- Anna Jarvis, founder of Mother's Day
- Louisa Venable Kyle, writer
- Custer LaRue, musician
- Lucille Foster McMillin, federal official
- Jason Narvy, actor
- St. Clair Wright, historic preservationist
- Judith Godwin, abstract painter
- Susan Schmidt, Pulitzer prize-winning journalist
- Caroline Rose Hunt, hotelier and philanthropist
- As of February 14, 2014. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2013 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2012 to FY 2013" (PDF). 2013 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 13, 2014. Retrieved April 1, 2014.
- Erin Dillon (22 August 2010). "America's Best Master's Universities and Baccalaureate Colleges". Washington Monthly. Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- "Mary Baldwin College". Colleges of Distinction. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "Mary Baldwin to Develop Nursing Program". NBC. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "Mary Baldwin College restructures popular education programs". Augusta Free Press. 25 August 2014. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- Gary Robertson (30 October 2013). "Women's colleges leverage their advantages". Virginia Business. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "private liberal arts college for women". Mary Baldwin University. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- Times-Dispatch, Karin Kapsidelis | Richmond. "Mary Baldwin to add coed residential programs". The Daily Progress. Retrieved 2016-12-12.
- Megan Williams (8 September 2013). "Steering Baldwin: A decade of innovation, tradition for MBC president Pamela Fox". NewsLeader. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- Mary Watters (1942). The History of Mary Baldwin College 1842-1942. Mary Baldwin College.
- Bob Stuart (18 October 2013). "New commandant takes over Virginia Women's Institute". The News Virginian. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "Five Lusby women part of all-female cadet corps". Maryland Community Gazette. 13 September 2013. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "History". MBU. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
- Patricia H. Menk (1992). To Live in Time: The Sesquicentennial History of Mary Baldwin College. Mary Baldwin College. ISBN 978-0-9633486-0-9.
- "Grade-a-Year Mix Plan Approved in Tallahassee". The Tuscaloosa News. April 23, 1963.
- "The MBC Fight Song". MBC Athletics. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- "Dean Pamela Fox named president at Mary Baldwin College". Miami University. 3 April 2003. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- "Graduation at RCC set". Sentinel. 22 April 2009. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- Kapsidelis, Karen (12 May 2015). "Mary Baldwin to become University". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "MBU Academics". Mary Baldwin University. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
- Charlie Tyson (21 July 2014). "What's Expendable?". Inside HigherEd. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- "Shakespeare and Performance". Mary Baldwin College. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- Holly Prestidge (13 September 2011). "Heifetz International Music Institute moving to Mary Baldwin campus". Richmond Times Dispatch. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- Tim Smith (11 August 2014). "NPR veteran Ben Roe to be executive director of Heifetz Institute". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- "Clubs and Organizations". Mary Baldwin College. Archived from the original on 6 March 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Spencer Center- Changemakers for Women". MBC. Archived from the original on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- Biskupic, Joan (27 June 1996). "Supreme Court Invalidates Exclusion of Women by VMI". The Washington Post. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
Rehnquist agreed with the majority that the Virginia Women's Institute for Leadership, at nearby Mary Baldwin women's college, was 'distinctly inferior.' Ginsburg noted the VWIL program, established in response to a lower court ruling against VMI, offers a faculty with 'significantly fewer Ph.D.'s' than at VMI and enrolls students with SAT scores about 100 points lower than the score for VMI freshmen.
- Meghan Modafferi (November 2013). "It's a Woman's World". US Airways Magazine.
- Stuart, Bob (18 October 2013). "New commandant takes over Virginia Women's Institute". The News Virginian. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
- Charles House II (18 October 2013). "Mary Baldwin College Sees Leadership Change for Virginia Women's Institute for Leadership". WHSV-TV. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
Authority was transferred to Brigadier General Teresa Djuric from Brigadier General N. Michael Bissell.
- Kleiner, Carolyn (12 September 1999). "The Littlest Freshman of All: Colleges recruit adolescent geniuses. But who benefits?". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- Glod, Maria (2 December 2007). "Young, Gifted and Skipping High School: Va. College Feeds Academic Cravings". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- "Mary Baldwin College, Main Building". National Park Service. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- Voth, Sally (October 2010). "Mary Baldwin Students glean orchard to feed needy". Retrieved 5 November 2016.
- "Traditions". MBU. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mary Baldwin University.|
- Official website
- Official athletics website
- Collection of scanned archival materials from MBC library hosted at archive.org (Yearbooks, college newsletters, etc.)