Martin Quigley (publisher)
Martin Joseph Quigley Sr. (May 6, 1890 – May 4, 1964) was an American publisher, editor and film magazine journalist. He founded Exhibitors Herald, which became an important national trade paper for the film industry. He was also the founder of Quigley Publishing.
Publishing and journalism career
Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Quigley purchased the film trade journal Exhibitors Herald in 1915. Two years later, he acquired and merged Motography. In 1927, he acquired and merged The Moving Picture World and began publishing as Exhibitors Herald and Moving Picture World, later shortened to Exhibitors Herald World. After acquiring Motion Picture News in 1930, he merged these publications into the Motion Picture Herald.
Quigley followed this shortly after with the merger of his remaining three publications, Exhibitors Trade Review, Exhibitors Daily Review, and Motion Pictures Today to form Motion Picture Daily.
In 1929, The Motion Picture Almanac was first published and was published annually.
Role in Motion Picture Production Code
Quigley was an active proponent and co-author of the Motion Picture Production Code, which governed the content of Hollywood movies from the 1930s to the 1960s. A devout Catholic, he began lobbying in the 1920s for a more extensive code that not only listed material that was inappropriate for movies, but also contained a moral system that the movies could help to promote – specifically a system based on Catholic theology.
He recruited Father Daniel Lord, a Jesuit priest and instructor at the Catholic Saint Louis University, to write such a code and on March 31, 1930 the board of directors of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association adopted it formally. This original version especially was once popularly known as the Hays Code, but it and its later revisions are now commonly called the Production Code.
Personal life and death
Quigley held staunch conservative views particularly in the film industry. His son, Martin Quigley Jr., who shared his views, became active in the editing and publication of the various periodicals established by his father, but had far less impact due to the changing times and the decline of the Code.
- Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014. Social Security Administration.
- "Exhibitors Herald Mar–Apr 1924". Lantern. Media History Digital Library. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- U.S. World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942
- "Martin Quigley, Wrote Film Code". The New York Times. May 5, 1964.
- "The Press: Cinema Corner". Time. December 22, 1930.
- "Screen Papers Merged: Exhibitors' Herald and Moving Picture World Close Deal". The New York Times. December 30, 1927.
- "Film Magazines Merge". The New York Times. December 15, 1930. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- American Film Institute (1997). The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States, Part 1. University of California Press. p. xii. ISBN 0520209699. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
- The Motion Picture Almanac. Quigley Publishing Company. Retrieved June 10, 2018.