Marshall Scholarship

The Marshall Scholarship is a postgraduate scholarship for "intellectually distinguished young Americans [and] their country's future leaders" to study at any university in the United Kingdom.[1] Created by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1953 as a living gift to the United States in recognition of the generosity of Secretary of State George C. Marshall and the Marshall Plan in the wake of World War II, the goal of the scholarship was to strengthen the Special Relationship between the two countries for "the good of mankind in this turbulent world."[2] The scholarships are awarded by the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission and are largely funded by the British government.[3]

With nearly 1,000 applicants in recent years, it is among the most selective graduate scholarship for Americans, with an acceptance rate around 4 percent, and as low as 3.2 percent in 2015.[4] It is widely considered one of the most prestigious scholarships for U.S. citizens,[5][6][7] and along with the Fulbright Scholarship it is the only broadly available scholarship available to Americans to study at any university in the United Kingdom. The program was also the first major co-educational British graduate scholarship; one-third of the inaugural cohort in 1954 were women.

Currently, there are over 1,900 Marshall Scholar alumni.[8] To date, two of the nine current Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are alumni of the program (Neil Gorsuch and Stephen Breyer), while others have been prominent CEOs (LinkedIn, Dolby Labs), members of the United States Congress; members of the Presidential Cabinet of the United States; state Governors; the Deans of Yale Law School, Stanford Law School, the Harvard Kennedy School and Harvard College; presidents of seven universities or colleges, including Duke University, Wellesley College, the Cooper Union, and Caltech. They have also been leaders in many academic and professional disciplines, including one Nobel Laureate, four Pulitzer Prize–winning authors, two winners of the John Bates Clark Medal for the best American economist under the age of 40, twelve MacArthur Genius Grant awardees, and the President of the National Bureau of Economic Research, the managing editors of TIME and CNN and the International News Editor of The New York Times, NASA's youngest Astronaut, two Oscar nominees, one winner of the National Medal of Technology and Innovation, and one awardee of the Distinguished Flying Cross for service during the Iraq War.


In a letter[9] to the first class of Marshall Scholars, George Marshall echoed his own words in initially presenting his ideas for European recovery by saying,

A close accord between our two countries is essential to the good of mankind in this turbulent world of today, and that is not possible without an intimate understanding of each other. These scholarships point the way to the continuation and growth of the understanding which found its necessity in the terrible struggle of the war years.

The published objectives of the Marshall Scholarships are outlined as follows:

  1. To enable intellectually distinguished young Americans, their country's future leaders, to study in the UK.
  2. To help scholars gain an understanding and appreciation of contemporary Britain.
  3. To contribute to the advancement of knowledge in science, technology, the humanities and social sciences and the creative arts at Britain's centres of academic excellence.
  4. To motivate scholars to act as ambassadors from the US to the UK and vice versa throughout their lives thus strengthening British American understanding.
  5. To promote the personal and academic fulfilment of each scholar.


Plans to establish "Marshall Scholarships" as a living memorial to Secretary of State George Marshall were announced by British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden on July 31, 1952,[10] and were enacted by the Parliament of the United Kingdom when the Marshall Aid Commemoration Act was passed in 1953. The act's passage was backed by "leaders of all political hues," with British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin describing the scholarship's establishment as "a great opportunity for Europe."

While the authors of the proposal initially considered partnering with the Rhodes Scholarship, and even considered using the same selection committees, this idea was eventually disregarded because its proponents strongly believed the scholarships should be available to women, and to married men under the age of 28 (at the time, the Rhodes Scholarship was limited to single men under the age of 25). The creation of a separate scholarship was a cause of great concern to Lord Godfrey Elton, the head of the Rhodes Trust at the time, who worried that the ability to study at other universities would draw potential applicants. He urged the Foreign Office to create a ‘reverse exchange’ for British students in the United States instead.[11] The Rhodes Scholarship became open to women beginning in 1977 following the passage of the British Sex Discrimination Act in 1975.[5]

In 1959, when Parliament doubled the number of scholars from 12 to 24, British politician Philip Noel-Baker argued that "Marshall, more than perhaps any other man, destroyed isolation in the United States and built up the conception that only collective security through international institutions can save the world...I think the world has never seen an act of greater national generosity than Marshall aid and the other aid which the United States has given to other continents throughout the last 15 years." By 1960, six years after their establishment, the scholarship was "on its way to becoming as well-known and respected as the fellow phrase, "Rhodes [Scholarship]," and both scholarships attracted roughly 500 to 600 applicants.[12]

As part of the celebrations for the 50th Anniversary of the Marshall Scholarships in 2003,[13] Marshall Medals were awarded to a group of distinguished Americans in recognition of their contributions to US-UK relations, including Justice Stephen Breyer (1959 Marshall Scholar), Dr. Ray Dolby (1957 Marshall Scholar), Thomas L. Friedman (1975 Marshall Scholar), and former President of Duke University Nannerl Keohane (1961 Marshall Scholar).

The number of scholars was increased to 30 in 1973, 40 in 1991, and between 2004-2007 "up to 44". In 2010, the Commission decided to offer a limited number of one year awards.[14] In 2016, the Foreign Office announced that 40 scholars had been selected, a 25 percent increase over the originally planned 32, with Foreign Office Minister Alok Sharma calling it a demonstration of how "resolute Britain is in its commitment to the special relationship."[15]

In the early years of the Marshall Scholarship, it was common for new Scholars to travel together to the UK on an ocean liner, but now Scholars are usually flown together to London from Washington, D.C. following a welcome program with top US and UK government and diplomatic officials.

Selection, selectivity, and academic destinations

Prospective applicants must first be endorsed by their universities to apply. The selection process is then coordinated through the eight major British embassy/consulate regions in the United States (Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C.). Selection committees in each region, consisting of former Scholars and other distinguished individuals, receive university-endorsed applications (including personal statements and essays) which are used to select a short list of candidates for interviews. Each committee then interviews each of the regional finalists prior to making the final decisions on the year's awards. In 2014, 16 percent of university-endorsed applicants received an interview.[16]

Although most of the responsibility for selecting the recipients is in the hands of the committees, a few formal guidelines have been outlined in the official selection criteria, most notably:[17]

As future leaders, with a lasting understanding of British society, Marshall Scholars will strengthen the enduring relationship between the British and American peoples, their governments and their institutions. Marshall Scholars are talented, independent and wide-ranging in their interests, and their time as Scholars will enhance their intellectual and personal growth. Their direct engagement with Britain through its best academic programmes will contribute to their ultimate personal success. In appointing Scholars the selectors will look for distinction of intellect and character as evidenced both by their scholastic attainments and by their other activities and achievements. Preference will be given to candidates who display a potential to make a significant contribution to their own society. Selectors will also look for strong motivation and seriousness of purpose, including the presentation of a specific and realistic academic programme.


Between 900 and 1000 students are typically endorsed to apply for the Marshall Scholarship annually, with 979 applying in 2014[16] (compared to 857 for the U.S. Rhodes Scholarship,[18] and 924 for the UK Fulbright Program[19]), of whom 3.4 percent were ultimately selected. In 2015 and 2016, 3.2 and 3.5 percent of university-endorsed applicants to the Marshall Scholarship were elected.[4][20]

The Marshall selection committees place a strong emphasis on academic achievement and potential, and as such the application requires a minimum GPA of 3.7. Successful applicants, however, typically have much higher GPAs: more than half of applicants have perfect academic records.[21] Winners from Harvard University have had average GPAs of 3.92,[22] and Stanford University recommends that applicants have a GPA of 3.8 or above.[23] In comparison, winners of the Rhodes Scholarship from Harvard have had an average GPA of 3.8.[22]

Between 1954 and 2013, 239 of 1818 scholars received their undergraduate degrees from Harvard University (13 percent), 126 from Princeton, 108 from Yale, 83 from Stanford, and 60 from MIT. The most successful public university is the US Military Academy at West Point, with 34 scholars, followed by the University of California at Berkeley, with 28 scholars. Of the 548 scholars elected between 2000 and 2013, 30 were from Harvard and Stanford (5 percent), 26 from Princeton, 21 from Yale, and 17 from MIT, the US Military Academy at West Point, and the US Naval Academy.[8]

Academic destinations

Oxford, Cambridge, LSE, UCL, Edinburgh, KCL and Imperial always dominate the list of preferred university selected by both the endorsed and actually interviewed Marshall Scholarship applicants throughout the years 2005 to 2016. With SOAS and LSHTM sometimes also being highly preferred.

These 9 institutions almost always tend to form the dominant block of the destination of eventually selected Scholars.[24] That said, Scholars have attended a wide range of universities throughout the UK, many of which are ranked[25][26] among the best in the world.

In 2015, there were 69 Marshall Scholars in residence at British universities[27] including those who were selected for the classes of 2012, 2013, and 2014. During this time, there were 27 scholars at University of Oxford, 17 at the University of London (including 5 each at the London School of Economics and King's College London, and 1 at University College London), 13 at the University of Cambridge, and 4 at Imperial College London. Of these scholars, 46 were studying arts and social sciences while 23 were studying science, engineering or mathematics.[28]

Comparison to other post-graduate scholarships

The Marshall Scholarship is more selective than the Churchill Scholarship, Harry S. Truman Scholarship, UK Fulbright Program, approximately as selective as the American Rhodes Scholarship and the Mitchell Scholarship, and less selective than the Gates Cambridge Scholarship.

In structure and selection criteria, the Scholarship is most similar to the American Rhodes Scholarship and Fulbright Program. Like the Fulbright available for study in the United Kingdom, Marshall Scholars can study at any university in the UK. However, under the Fulbright, applicants compete in separate pools for 43 specified universities of varying selectivity, except for two awards tenable at any university.[29]

In structure, the Marshall Scholarship is more flexible than the Rhodes Scholarship, in that Marshall Scholars can study at any British university,[5] and can also attend a different university each year during a Scholar's tenure. In addition, a limited number of one-year Marshall scholarships are available. Unlike Rhodes Scholars, Marshall Scholars must be American citizens (in comparison, approximately 80 Rhodes Scholarships are given annually to citizens of over a dozen countries). In process, the Marshall Scholarship is approximately as selective as the Rhodes and Mitchell Scholarships; the Marshall is awarded to 3.4 percent of university-endorsed applicants in 2014,[16] compared to 3.7 percent for the Rhodes in 2014[18] and 3.2 percent for the Mitchell Scholarship in 2017.[30] Also, because the selection processes of the scholarships discussed above differ, the likelihood that an applicant will be granted a final round interview will be different for each scholarship. In 2014, 15.9 percent of university-endorsed applicants for the Marshall Scholarship received a finalist interview,[16] compared to 24 percent of Rhodes applicants[18] and 5.4 percent of Mitchell applicants.[30]

While the selection committees continues to emphasize academic potential, over time "the Marshall program has become more Rhodes-like, stating that it is seeking persons who also demonstrate leadership potential." In general, "nearly all Rhodes Scholars are willing to admit that, by and large, the Marshalls are superior if one looks just at grade point averages and other signs of academic achievement," but this is a point of both "admiration" and "disdain."[31]:293 Walter Isaacson, describing Rhodes Scholars as "fairly intelligent, well-rounded, honest people who could be counted on to be upstanding citizens," has said that "the real geniuses...were the Marshall Scholars," perhaps because of the expectation that Rhodes Scholars be "all-rounders." In practice, the Marshall and Rhodes have engaged an "informal rivalry," but in career trajectory after the completion of their fellowships, "the line between [the fellowships] is not so evident," with scholars pursuing similar fields with similar success. In general, a higher percentage of Marshall Scholars "go on to careers in academe and research, whereas Rhodes Scholars are more evenly scattered through the full range of professional occupations."[31]:357

Association of Marshall Scholars

The Association of Marshall Scholars (AMS) was formed in 1988[32] as a charitable organization to

  • publicize the Marshall Scholarship Program in the United States and to provide information on British educational institutions in general
  • aid in the selection of future Marshall Scholars
  • maintain contact among Marshall Scholars and Marshall Scholar Alumni
  • sponsor programs that would further the charitable and educational aims of the Marshall Scholarship Program.

The organization has been led by several notable board and advisory members, including Kathleen Sullivan, Andrew Klaber, Tianhui Michael Li, Reid Hoffman, Nannerl Keohane, Peter Orszag, and Harold Koh, Roger Tsien, Daniel Yergin.[33]

Notable Marshall Scholars

Name US University UK University Year Awarded Notability
Heather J. SharkeyYale UniversityDurham University1990Professor of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at the University of Pennsylvania, Carnegie Scholar, Fulbright-Hays Scholar
D. Cameron FindlayNorthwestern UniversityOxford University1982White House aide to George H.W. Bush, Deputy Secretary of Labor, General Counsel at Aon, Medtronic, ADM, Partner at Sidley Austin
Matthew AdlerYale UniversityOxford University1984Professor at Duke Law School and the founding director of the Duke Center for Law, Economics and Public Policy
Danielle AllenPrinceton UniversityCambridge University1993Director of the Harvard Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics, Harvard University Professor, MacArthur Genius Grant 2001, Chair of Pulitzer Prize Board 2014-2015
Jeremy HeylPrinceton UniversityDurham and Cambridge Universities1992Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of British Columbia
A. Benjamin SpencerMorehouse CollegeLondon School of Economics1996Justice Thurgood Marshall Distinguished Professor of Law at University of Virginia School of Law; Captain, U.S. Army Reserve (JAG)[34]
Adam Cohen Harvard University Cambridge University 2001 Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Physics at Harvard University
Alfred GuzzettiHarvard UniversityUniversity of London1964 Experimental and Documentary Filmmaker, and Harvard University Professor
Amy FinkelsteinHarvard UniversityOxford University1995Professor at MIT, Winner of the Clark Medal For Economics in 2012
Andrew Klaber Yale University

Harvard University

Oxford University 2004 Partner at Paulson & Company
Amy Wax Yale University Oxford University 1976 the Robert Mundheim Professor of Law at the University of Pennsylvania Law School
Anne ApplebaumYale UniversityLondon School of Economics1986Pulitzer Prize. Columnist for the Washington Post and Slate, former member of the Washington Post Editorial Board.
Anne McClainU.S. Military Academy at West PointUniversity of Bath and University of Bristol2002Major, U.S. Army. NASA Astronaut.
Anthony C. E. QuaintonPrinceton UniversityOxford University1955Former Ambassador To Nicaragua, Kuwait, Peru, And Central African Empire, Director General of the Foreign Service
Arthur Jaffe Princeton University Cambridge University 1959 L.T. Clay Professor of Mathematics and Theoretical Science, Harvard University
Benjamin M. FriedmanHarvard UniversityCambridge University1966American Political Economist
Bill BufordUniversity of California at BerkeleyCambridge UniversityFounding Editor Of Granta, European Correspondent for the New Yorker
Bruce BabbittUniversity of Notre DameNewcastle University1960Former Governor Of Arizona And U.S. Secretary Of The Interior For President Bill Clinton
Byron AugusteYale UniversityOxford University1989Deputy Director, National Economic Council and Director of McKinsey's Global Social Sector Office
Charles KingUniversity of ArkansasOxford UniversityGeorgetown University Professor and Author
Cindy SughrueBoston UniversityUniversity of Sheffield1985CEO of Scottish Ballet, Director of the Charles Dickens Museum, London[35]
Collin O'MaraDartmouth CollegeOxford University2003President of National Wildlife Federation; Former Delaware Secretary Of Natural Resources And Environmental Control
Daniel BenjaminHarvard UniversityOxford University1983Coordinator For Counterterrorism and Ambassador at Large, State Department
Daniel Klein Cornell University Oxford University 1998 Professor of Computer Science, University of California at Berkeley
Daniel YerginYale UniversityCambridge University1968Pulitzer Prize-Winning American Author, Speaker. Co-Founder And Chairman Of Cambridge Energy Research Associates.
David LaibsonHarvard UniversityLondon School of Economics1988Professor Of Economics, Harvard University
D. Cameron FindlayNorthwestern UniversityOxford University1982Deputy Secretary, U.S. Department of Labor, Deputy Assistant to President George Bush
Derek KilmerPrinceton UniversityOxford University1996U.S. Representative for Washington's 6th Congressional District
Douglas A. MeltonUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignCambridge University1975Professor and Chair Of The Harvard University Department Of Stem Cell And Regenerative Biology
Drew DanielUniversity of California at BerkeleyOxford University1993Member of Matmos And Professor at Johns Hopkins University
E. Sterl Phinney California Institute of Technology Cambridge University 1980 Professor of Theoretical Physics at the California Institute of Technology
Ed VictorDartmouth CollegeCambridge University1961Journalist and Literary Agent
Edward HundertYale UniversityOxford University1978Educator, Psychiatrist, and Medical Ethicist
Graham AllisonHarvard UniversityOxford University1962Foreign Policy Expert And Founding Dean Of Harvard University's Kennedy School Of Government; Former Undersecretary Of Defense
Harold KohHarvard UniversityOxford University1975Legal Adviser Of The Department Of State; Former Dean Of The Yale Law School
James F. GilliamUniversity of North CarolinaUniversity of Wales (Bangor)1974Biologist and ISI Highly Cited Researcher
James K. GalbraithHarvard UniversityCambridge University1974Economist and Journalist
Keith GriffinWilliams CollegeOxford UniversityFormer President of Magdalen College, Oxford.
Jason BordoffBrown UniversityOxford University1995Former Special Assistant to the President, National Security Council[36]
Jeff ModisettUniversity of California, Los AngelesOxford University1978Former Attorney General of Indiana
Jeffrey GettlemanCornell UniversityOxford University1994Pulitzer Prize Winning Author, East Africa Bureau Chief for the New York Times
Benedict GrossHarvard UniversityOxford University1973Professor of Mathematics known for the Gross–Zagier theorem, former dean of Harvard College
Jeffrey RosenHarvard UniversityOxford UniversityAuthor, Law Professor, and Legal Affairs Editor At The New Republic
Jeffrey RosensweigYale UniversityOxford UniversityAuthor, Director Of Global Perspectives at the Goizueta School Of Business Of Emory University
Jennifer DaskalBrown UniversityCambridge University1994Former Counsel, National Security Division, Department Of Justice
Jenny HarrisonUniversity of AlabamaUniversity of Warwick1971Mathematician And Professor, University Of California, Berkeley
Jane M. HawkinsCollege of the Holy CrossUniversity of Warwick1976Mathematician and Professor, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
John Jay IselinHarvard UniversityCambridge University1959Former President Of Cooper Union, Former President Of Wnet
John SprattDavidson CollegeOxford University1964Congressman for South Carolina's 5th Congressional District (1983-2011), Chairman of the United States House Committee on the Budget (2007-2011)
Jonathan ErichsenHarvard UniversityOxford University1972 Professor of Visual Neuroscience, Cardiff University
Jonathan OrszagPrinceton UniversityOxford University1996 Senior Managing Director of Compass Lexecon, former Clinton Administration Economic Advisor
Tianhui Michael LiPrinceton UniversityCambridge University2007 Hertz Foundation Fellow, first Data Scientist in residence at Andreessen Horowitz, founder of The Data Incubator
Joshua OppenheimerHarvard UniversityUniversity of the Arts London1997Award-Winning Documentary Film Director, Director of The Act of Killing, MacArthur "Genius" Award 2014
Kannon ShanmugamHarvard UniversityOxford University1993Supreme Court Litigator
Kathleen SullivanCornell UniversityOxford University1976Professor and Former Dean of Stanford Law School
Paul TashIndiana UniversityUniversity of Edinburgh1976CEO of Times Publishing Company, Editor in Chief of Tampa Bay Times, Chair of the Pulitzer Prize Board 2013-2014
Katie Beirne FallonUniversity of Notre DameQueens University Belfast; London School of Economics1998Legislative Affairs Director, White House
Kelly GrovierUniversity of California, Los Angeles Oxford University1992Poet and Literary Critic for the Observer and the Times Literary Supplement
Kim CampbellUnited States Air Force AcademyImperial College, London1997USAF Pilot, awarded Distinguished Flying Cross for service during the Iraq War
Kris KobachHarvard UniversityOxford University1988Secretary of State of Kansas (2011), Chairman of the Kansas Republican Party, National Rowing Champion
Krish VignarajahYale UniversityOxford University2001President & CEO of the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service
Kurt M. CampbellUniversity of California, San DiegoOxford University1980Assistant Secretary Of State For East Asian And Pacific Affairs
Lewis SargentichOccidental CollegeSussex UniversityProfessor At Harvard Law School
Linn Hobbs Northwestern University Oxford University 1966 Professor Emeritus of Materials Science and Nuclear Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Mark FilipUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignOxford University1988United States Deputy Attorney General
Ahilan ArulananthamGeorgetown UniversityOxford University19942016 MacArthur "Genius" Award (2014)
Mark WhitakerHarvard UniversityOxford University1979Managing Editor of CNN Worldwide, Former Senior Vice President Of NBC News, Editor Of Newsweek
Marty KaplanHarvard UniversityCambridge UniversityAssociate Dean For Programs And Planning Of The Usc Annenberg School For Communication And Director Of The Norman Lear Center For The Study Of Entertainment
Matthew SpenceStanford UniversityOxford University2000Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense For Middle East Policy, Department Of Defense
Melissa LaneHarvard UniversityCambridge University1988Professor of Political Theory At Princeton University
Michael KlarmanUniversity of PennsylvaniaOxford UniversityBancroft Prize Winner and Constitutional Law Scholar at Harvard Law School
Michael OtsukaYale UniversityOxford University1986Professor Of Philosophy, London School of Economics and Political Science
Nancy GibbsYale UniversityOxford University1982Managing Editor Of Time
Nancy LublinBrown UniversityOxford University1993Creator And Founder, Dress For Success, and CEO, Do Something
Nannerl KeohaneWellesley CollegeOxford University1961Former President Of Both Duke University (1993–2004) and Wellesley College (1981–1993)
Neil GorsuchColumbia UniversityOxford University1992Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 2017
Nicole KraussStanford UniversityOxford University1996Novelist, History Of Love
Odaline de la MartinezTulane UniversityRoyal Academy of Music1972Cuban-American Composer And First Woman To Ever Direct A Bbc Prom
Jeffrey GlueckHarvard UniversityOxford University1991COO and CEO of Foursquare
Patrick M. ByrneDartmouth CollegeCambridge University1988Chairman Of The Board And President Of Overstock.Com
Peter KramerHarvard UniversityUniversity College, London1970Author of Listening To Prozac (1993)
Peter R. OrszagPrinceton UniversityLondon School of Economics1991Director, Office of Management and Budget. Former Director, Congressional Budget Office
Ray DolbyStanford UniversityCambridge University1957Inventor Of Dolby Sound And Chairman Of Dolby Laboratories
Reid HoffmanStanford UniversityOxford University1990Founder Of Linkedin
Richard CordrayMichigan State UniversityOxford University1981Director Of The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
Robert OdenHarvard UniversityCambridge UniversityFormer President of Carleton College, former President of Kenyon College
Roger TsienHarvard UniversityCambridge UniversityWinner Of Nobel Prize In Chemistry, 2008
Rosa BrooksHarvard UniversityOxford University1991Counselor To The Under Secretary For Policy, U.S. Department Of Defense; Los Angeles Times Columnist And Georgetown Law Professor
Samuel RascoffHarvard UniversityOxford UniversityProfessor at New York University School of Law
Sandra E. ShumwaySouthampton College, Long Island UniversityUniversity of Wales (Bangor)1976Research Professor, University Of Connecticut; Marine Scientist
Scott MacIntyreArizona State UniversityRoyal Holloway, University of London and the Royal College of Music2005Musician and American Idol Season 8 Contestant
Seth LloydHarvard UniversityCambridge University1982Quantum Information Scientist
Stephen BreyerStanford UniversityOxford University1959Associate Justice Of The U.S. Supreme Court Since 1994
Stephen JenningsDartmouth CollegeUniversity of Oxford1983Co-CEO, Monitor Group (now Monitor Deloitte)
Stephen QuakeStanford UniversityOxford University1991Professor of Bioengineering at Stanford University, Inventor, and Entrepreneur
Steven StrogatzPrinceton UniversityCambridge University1980Applied Mathematician (Complex Networks)
Thomas C. GreyStanford UniversityOxford University1963Professor of Law, Stanford University
Stuart KauffmanDartmouth CollegeOxford University1963Founder of the Elizabeth Kauffman Institute for Transforming Medicine, Complex Systems Researcher, Medical Doctor, and Author. MacArthur Genius Grant
Ted ConoverAmherst CollegeCambridge UniversityAuthor, Essayist And Journalist
Terri SewellPrinceton UniversityOxford University1987Congresswoman for Alabama's 7th Congressional District (2010–present)[37]
Thomas BabeHarvard UniversityCambridge University1963Playwright
Thomas CarothersHarvard UniversityLondon School of EconomicsVice President For Studies At The Carnegie Endowment For International Peace
Thomas Eugene EverhartHarvard UniversityCambridge University1955Physicist. Former President of the California Institute of Technology. Former Chancellor of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Inventor of the Everhart-Thornley Detector.
Thomas FriedmanBrandeis UniversityOxford University1975Journalist, author, and three time Pulitzer Prize winner. New York Times Columnist.
Warwick SabinUniversity of ArkansasOxford University1998Member of the Arkansas House of Representatives
William Broyles, Jr.Rice UniversityOxford University1966American Screenwriter known for work on Apollo 13 (film), Cast Away, and The Polar Express (film).
William Joseph BurnsLa Salle UniversityOxford University1978U.S. Deputy Secretary Of State; Former Undersecretary Of State; Former United States Ambassador To Russia
Zachary D. KaufmanYale UniversityOxford University2000Legal Academic And Social Entrepreneur
Sewell ChanHarvard UniversityOxford University1998American Journalist; Deputy Opinion Page Editor of the New York Times
Sheryll D. CashinVanderbilt UniversityOxford University1984Law Professor, Georgetown University
Jerry A. HausmanBrown UniversityOxford University1968Professor of Economics, MIT. Frisch Medal (1980). John Bates Clark Medal (1985)
Mark HersamUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignCambridge University1996Professor of Chemistry, Northwestern University. MacArthur "Genius" Award (2014)
Nancy CoxIowa State UniversityCambridge University1970Virologist. Director of the Influenza Division at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and director of CDC's World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology and Control of Influenza
Bruce AllenMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridge University1980Director of the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics
Robert Lane GreeneTulane UniversityOxford University1997Journalist for the Economist, the New Republic, the New York Times, Slate
William H. JanewayPrinceton UniversityCambridge University1965Venture capitalist (former Vice Chairman of Warburg Pincus) and Economist
Jef McAllisterYale UniversityOxford University1977Former London Bureau Chief of TIME
James M. PoterbaHarvard UniversityOxford University1980Professor of Economics at MIT, President and CEO of NBER
Josh WestYale UniversityCambridge University1999Professor of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California. Rower medalist in the 2008 Beijing Olympics for Great Britain.
Arthur L. Haywood IIIMorehouse CollegeLondon School of Economics1979Pennsylvania State Senator for the 4th District.
Jonathan GalassiHarvard CollegeCambridge University1971President of Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Honorary Chairman of Academy of American Poets
Angela DuckworthHarvard CollegeOxford University19922013 MacArthur Genius Grant, Head of Duckworth Lab at the University of Pennsylvania
Annabel Park Boston University Oxford University 1992 Documentary filmmaker (9500 Liberty, Story of America)
Mary E Edgerton UT MD Anderson Cancer Center University of East Anglia 1976 Breast Cancer Researcher, Breast Pathologist, and Pathology Informatician.

See also


  1. "Marshall Scholarships 2012 Competition Statistical Report" (PDF). Marshall Scholarships. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-27.
  2. "Message from General George Marshall".
  3. Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission / Year ending 30 September 2016 / 63rd Annual Report. Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission. March 2017. ISBN 978-1-4741-4013-3. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  4. "Statistics". 2015. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  5. "Other Roads". The New York Times. 12 January 2003.
  6. "10 Most Prestigious Scholarships In America". 26 January 2011.
  7. "Ambassador Names Marshall Scholars". The New York Times. 15 December 1996.
  8. "Statistics".
  9. "Message from General George Marshall".
  10. Britain to Set Up 12 Scholarships for U.S. Students. The Washington Post, August 1, 1952
  11. Mukherji, Aroop. Diplomas and Diplomacy: The History of the Marshall Scholarship. pp. 31-32
  12. Stanford, Neal. Marshall Scholars: Terms Compared. The Christian Science Monitor, January 18, 1960.
  13. "HRH presents Marshall Medals at Senate House, London".
  14. "UK announces more scholarships for US students to strengthen links with USA".
  15. "Statistics". 2014. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  16. "Who is eligible".
  17. Johnson, Jenna (26 November 2013). "Meet the 2014 Rhodes Scholars". Washington Post.
  18. "Countries".
  19. "Statistics". Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  20. "The Marshall Scholarship | Writing Personal Statements Online". Retrieved 2015-12-26.
  21. "Harvard Post-Graduate". Harvard. Archived from the original on 2014-12-24.
  22. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2015-12-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. Statistics 2005 - 2016. Retrieved on 2016-04-18.
  24. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-16. Retrieved 2008-12-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. Archived 2008-08-22 at the Wayback Machine
  26. "Annual Reports".
  27. "Annual report". 2015. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  28. "Countries". Retrieved 2015-12-26.
  29. "Announcements | The Mitchell Scholarship | US-Ireland Alliance". Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  30. Schaeper, Thomas and Kathleen Schaeper. "Rhodes Scholars: Oxford, and the Creation of an American Elite," 2010. Berghahn Books: New York
  31. "History and Mission of the Association of Marshall Scholars".
  32. "Board of Directors for the Association of Marshall Scholars".
  33. "A. Benjamin Spencer". University of Virginia School of Law. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  34. "Dr Cindy Sughrue to join NYJO Board". National Youth Jazz Orchestra. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  35. "Jason Bordoff". Columbia University. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  36. Thompson, Krissah (1 March 2015). "Rep. Terri Sewell, a daughter of Selma, rues her city's lost promise" via

Further reading

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