Marquess of Normanby
Marquess of Normanby is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first creation came in 1694 in the Peerage of England in favour of John Sheffield, 3rd Earl of Mulgrave. He was a notable Tory politician of the late Stuart period, who served under Queen Anne as Lord Privy Seal and Lord President of the Council. In 1703 this first Marquess of Normanby was further honoured when he was made Duke of Buckingham and Normanby. These titles became extinct on the death of the 2nd Duke in 1735.
|Marquessate of Normanby|
Quarterly: 1st & 4th, Sable, a Trefoil slipped between eight Mullets Argent (Phipps); 2nd, Paly of six Argent and Azure, a Bend Gules (Annesley); 3rd, The Royal Arms of King James II within a Bordure compony Argent and Azure (by grant from King James II to his natural daughter, Lady Catherine Darnley)
|Creation date||25 June 1838|
|First holder||Constantine Phipps, 2nd Earl of Mulgrave|
|Present holder||Constantine Phipps, 5th Marquess of Normanby|
|Heir apparent||John Phipps, Earl of Mulgrave|
|Subsidiary titles||Earl of Mulgrave |
Baron Mulgrave (I, 1767)
Baron Mulgrave (GB, 1794)
|Motto||Virtute quies |
("Rest in virtue")
|For the 1st creation of the Marquess of Normanby see Duke of Buckingham and Normanby|
The second creation came in the Peerage of the United Kingdom on 25 June 1838, in favour of Constantine Phipps, 2nd Earl of Mulgrave. He was a noted politician and served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and as Home Secretary. His great-grandfather William Phipps had married Lady Catherine Annesley, who was the daughter and heiress of James Annesley, 3rd Earl of Anglesey and his wife Lady Catherine Darnley (an illegitimate daughter of King James II by his mistress Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester). Lady Catherine Darnley had later married John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, and hence Constantine Phipps, 2nd Earl of Mulgrave was the step-great-great-grandson of the 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby. Upon his death, Constantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby was succeeded by his son, the 2nd Marquess. He was a Liberal politician and also served as Governor of New Zealand. His grandson, the fourth Marquess, served briefly as a Labour Lord-in-waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) in 1945 and was also Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire and of North Yorkshire. As of 2013 the titles are held by the latter's eldest son, the fifth Marquess, who succeeded in 1994. The fifth Marquess also served in the House of Lords until he lost his seat in the House of Lords Act 1999.
Marquess of Normanby, First creation (1694)
- see the Duke of Buckingham and Normanby
Barons Mulgrave, First Creation (1767)
- Constantine Phipps, 1st Baron Mulgrave (1722–1775)
- Constantine John Phipps, 2nd Baron Mulgrave, 1st Baron Mulgrave (1744–1792) (created Baron Mulgrave in 1790; title extinct on his death)
- Henry Phipps, 3rd Baron Mulgrave, 1st Baron Mulgrave (1755–1831) (created Baron Mulgrave in 1794 and Viscount Normanby and Earl of Mulgrave in 1812)
Earls of Mulgrave, Second Creation (1812)
Marquesses of Normanby, Second Creation (1838)
- Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby, 2nd Earl of Mulgrave, 2nd Viscount Normanby, 4th Baron Mulgrave, 2nd Baron Mulgrave (1797–1863)
- George Augustus Constantine Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby, 3rd Earl of Mulgrave, 3rd Viscount Normanby, 5th Baron Mulgrave, 3rd Baron Mulgrave (1819–1890)
- Constantine Charles Henry Phipps, 3rd Marquess of Normanby, 4th Earl of Mulgrave, 4th Viscount Normanby, 6th Baron Mulgrave, 4th Baron Mulgrave (1846–1932)
- Oswald Constantine John Phipps, 4th Marquess of Normanby, 5th Earl of Mulgrave, 5th Viscount Normanby, 7th Baron Mulgrave, 5th Baron Mulgrave (1912–1994)
- Constantine Edmund Walter Phipps, 5th Marquess of Normanby, 6th Earl of Mulgrave, 6th Viscount Normanby, 8th Baron Mulgrave, 6th Baron Mulgrave (b. 1954)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son John Samuel Constantine Phipps, Earl of Mulgrave (b. 1994).
Line of succession
Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby (1797-1863) George Augustus Constantine Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby (1819–1890) Constantine Charles Henry Phipps, 3rd Marquess of Normanby (1846-1932) Oswald Constantine John Phipps, 4th Marquess of Normanby (1912–1994) Constantine Edmund Walter Phipps, 5th Marquess of Normanby (b. 1954)
- (1) John Samuel Constantine Phipps, Earl of Mulgrave (b. 1994)
- (2) Lord Thomas Henry Winston Phipps (b. 3 June 1997)
- (3) Lord Justin Charles Phipps (b. 1958)
- (4) William David Phipps (b. 1990)
- Lord Henry George Russell Phipps (1851-1905)
- Vivian Louis Augustus Phipps (1884-1971)
- Vivian Henry Blakeney Phipps (1923-1991)
- (8) Hervey Owen Phipps (b. 1925)
- Vivian Louis Augustus Phipps (1884-1971)
- "No. 16632". The London Gazette. 12 August 1794. p. 818.
- "No. 16632". The London Gazette. 15 August 1812. pp. 1579–1580.
- "No. 19629". The London Gazette. 26 June 1838. p. 1445.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1885–1900 Dictionary of National Biography's article about Sheffield, John (1648–1721).|
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
- Kidd, Charles; Williamson, David, eds. (1990), Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage, New York: St Martin's Press
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages – Peerages beginning with "N" (part 2)
- Tompsett, Brian (2005), Index to royal Genealogical Data - ordered by lastname, Directory of Royal Genealogical Data (Hull University) External link in