Maroon ( /məˈrn/ mə-ROON,[2]) is a dark reddish purple[3] or dark brownish red color that takes its name from the French word marron, or chestnut.[4]

    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#800000
sRGBB  (r, g, b)(128, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 50%)
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The Oxford English Dictionary describes it as "a brownish crimson or claret color."[5]

In the sRGB color model for additive color representation, the web color called maroon is created by turning down the brightness of pure red to about one half, and is the complement of the web color called teal.[1]


Maroon is derived from French marron ("chestnut"),[6] itself from the Italian marrone that means both chestnut and brown (but the color maroon in Italian is granata and in French is grenat), from the medieval Greek maraon.[7]

The first recorded use of maroon as a color name in English was in 1789.[8]

In culture

  • Maroon is the signature color of the Japanese private rail company, Hankyu Railway, decided by a vote of women customers in 1923.[9] In the 1990s, Hankyu planned an alternative color as it was developing new vehicles. That plan was called off following opposition by local residents.
  • Maroon was named as the official color of the state of Queensland, Australia, in November 2003. While the declared shade of maroon in sRGB is R=115, G=24, B=44, Queenslanders display the spirit of the state by wearing all shades of maroon at sporting and cultural events.[10]
  • The distinctive maroon beret has been worn by many airborne forces around the world since 1942.[11] It is sometimes referred to as the "red beret."
  • Historically maroon was the distinguishing color of the Caçadores (rifle) regiments of the Portuguese Army.
School colors

Many universities, colleges, high schools and other educational institutions have maroon as one of their school colors. Popular combinations include maroon and white, maroon and grey, maroon and gold , and maroon and blue .


Sports teams often use maroon as one of their identifying colors, as a result many have received the nickname "Maroons".

  • The University of Chicago Maroons have used the nickname (and the corresponding color) since a vote came at a meeting of students and faculty on May 5, 1894.[28]
  • The University of the Philippines Fighting Maroons competes in the University Athletic Association of the Philippines and is based in their Diliman Campus. The moniker has been associated with their teams since the 1930s, except for a brief period in the 1960s when they were known as the Parrots.[29]
  • Maroons was the official nickname of the athletic teams representing Mississippi State College, now Mississippi State University from 1932 until 1961 when it was officially changed to the Bulldogs. Bulldogs had been used as an unofficial nickname as far back as 1905.[30]
  • Maroons is also the common nickname for the Queensland Rugby League team when it plays against the Blues (the New South Welshmen) in an annual competition of three games known as the State of Origin series in Australia.
  • West Indies cricket team wears all maroon clothing in limited-overs cricket whilst in Test cricket, they wear maroon cricket caps.
  • Maroon and white are the colors of the Flag of Qatar.
  • The Flag of Latvia has sometimes been called maroon and white, although the officially declared colors were red and white,[31] and in 2009 were changed to carmine and white.[32]

Commercial variations of maroon

Bright maroon

Bright Maroon
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C32148
sRGBB  (r, g, b)(195, 34, 72)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 83, 63, 24)
HSV       (h, s, v)(346°, 83%, 76%)
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed in the adjacent table is the bright tone of maroon that was designated as maroon in Crayola crayons beginning in 1949.

It is a bright medium shade of maroon halfway between brown and rose.

The color halfway between brown and rose is crimson, so this color is also a tone of crimson.

Rich maroon (maroon (X11))

Rich maroon [ maroon (X11) ]
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#B03060
sRGBB  (r, g, b)(176, 48, 96)
HSV       (h, s, v)(338°, 73%, 69%)
SourceX11 color names#Color name clashes
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed in the adjacent table is the color rich maroon, i.e. maroon as defined in the X11 color names, which is much brighter and more toned toward rose than the HTML/CSS maroon shown above.

See the chart Color name clashes in the X11 color names article to see those colors that are different in HTML/CSS and X11.

Dark red

Dark Red
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8B0000
sRGBB  (r, g, b)(139, 0, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 100, 45)
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 55%)
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed in the adjacent table is the web color dark red.

UP maroon

UP Maroon
    Color coordinates
Hex triplet#7B1113
sRGBB  (r, g, b)(123, 17, 19)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 86, 85, 52)
HSV       (h, s, v)(358.9°, 86.2%, 48.2%)
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

UP Maroon is the shade used by the University of the Philippines as its primary color.

See also


  1. "CSS Color Module Level 3".
  2. "maroon (Random House (US) & Collins (UK) dictionaries)". Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  3. Cambridge English Dictionary on-line
  4. Cambridge English Dictionary on-line; "maroon is red!!!"; Webster's New World Dictionary of American English, 3rd College Edition, (1988). "A dark brown". Random House College Dictionary (1975), "a dark brownish".
  5. Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition, 1973.
  6. "maroon". Princeton WordNet.
  7. Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th Edition (1973).
  8. Maerz and Paul. A Dictionary of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1930, Page 198; Color Sample of Maroon: Page 37, Plate 7, Color Sample L7
  9. Robertson, Jennifer Ellen (1998). Takarazuka: Sexual Politics and Popular Culture in Modern Japan (ebook ed.). p. 153. ISBN 978-0-520-92012-5.
  10. "State Colour". Queensland Government.
  11. "The Parachute Regiment "Paras"". Archived from the original on 2011-11-28.
  12. New York Times February 19, 2009--Tibetan Buddhist monks call for boycott of 2009 Tibetan New Year celebrations to protest casualties of 2008 Tibetan unrest (see picture of Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhist monks):
  14. school-colors (21 June 2018). "School Colors". Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  16. "Minnesota Golden Gophers Colors". Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  17. "Minnesota". NCAA. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  18. The Blue Book of College Athletics. Rohrich Corporation. 1966. p. 253.
  19. "Autumn Events". Shimer College Record. 44 (4). October 1952. p. 2.
  20. (PDF) Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. McMenamin, Dave (17 December 2012). "Kobe Bryant feeling fine in Philly". ESPN. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  22. "Mississippi State Traditions".
  23. "Mississippi State Traditions".
  26. "Virginia Tech colors". Virginia Tech - History and Traditions. 2019.
  27. "UP Visual Identity Guidebook 2017 now available online". University of the Philippines System. 2017.
  28. "Mississippi State Traditions".
  29. "From Parrots to Maroons".
  30. "Maroon, Maroons, and the Phoenix".
  31. According to the 1994 law, Latvijas valsts karogs ir sarkans ar baltu svītru. (Latvian national flag is red with a white stripe.) "Par Latvijas valsts karogu (The Latvian flag)" (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 1994. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Sarkans is the word for "red" in Latvian, while "maroon" is petarde. Turkina, Eiženija & Zitare, K. (1977). Latvian-English Dictionary (second ed.). Waverly, Iowa: Latvju Gramata (Rota Press). OCLC 3085262.
  32. Latvijas valsts karogs ir karmīnsarkans ar baltu horizontālu svītru. (The Latvian national flag is carmine with white horizontal stripes.)"Latvijas valsts karoga likums (The Latvian flag law)" (in Latvian). The Saeima (legislature) of Latvia. 17 November 2009.
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