Marne River (South Australia)

The Marne River, part of the River Murray catchment, is a river that is located in the Barossa Ranges region in the Australian state of South Australia.

Marne
Rhine River South
Location of the river mouth in South Australia
EtymologyMarne River (France)
Native nameNgarrindjeri: Taingappa
Location
CountryAustralia
StateSouth Australia
RegionBarossa Ranges
TownsCambrai
Physical characteristics
SourceMount Lofty Range
  locationsouth of Eden Valley
  coordinates34°40′00″S 139°06′34″E
  elevation366 m (1,201 ft)
MouthMurray River
  location
Wongulla
  coordinates
34°41′58″S 139°34′37″E
  elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Length70 km (43 mi)
Basin features
River systemRiver Murray catchment
Tributaries 
  rightRhine North
Protected areaMarne Valley Conservation Park
[1]

Course and features

The Marne River rises below Eden Valley on the eastern slopes of the Mount Lofty Ranges and flows generally east before reaching its confluence with the River Murray at Wongulla. The Marne flows through Cambrai. The Marne descends 361 metres (1,184 ft) over its 70-kilometre (43 mi) course.[1]

Etymology

In pre-European times, the Ngarrindjeri people used the Marne Valley as a route up into the hills to trade with the Peramangk people in the Barossa Valley and to cut bark canoes from the River Red Gums in the hills which had thicker bark than those near the Murray. The original name of the Marne River was Taingappa, meaning footrack-trading road.

Before 1917, it was called the Rhine River South. Due to anti-German sentiment during World War I, it was renamed after the Marne River of France, where the German advance was stopped in 1914.[2]

See also

References

  1. "Map of Marne River, SA". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  2. "Marne River". PlaceNames Online. Government of South Australia Department for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. Archived from the original on 10 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.


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