Markkleeberg

Markkleeberg is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is on the river Pleiße, approximately 7 km south of Leipzig.

Markkleeberg

Coat of arms
Location of Markkleeberg within Leipzig district
Markkleeberg
Markkleeberg
Coordinates: 51°16′40″N 12°23′00″E
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictLeipzig
Subdivisions9
Government
  MayorKarsten Schütze (SPD)
Area
  Total31.36 km2 (12.11 sq mi)
Elevation
132 m (433 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total24,679
  Density790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
04416
Dialling codes0341, 034297, 034299
Vehicle registrationL, BNA, GHA, GRM, MTL, WUR
Websitewww.markkleeberg.de

History

The town now called Markkleeberg has its origins in several towns that have been merged over the years. The center of modern-day Markkleeberg used to be called Oetzsch. It was merged with the smaller outlying district Markkleeberg in 1911 and renamed Oetzsch-Markkleeberg. Oetzsch-Markkleeberg was in turn merged with Gautzsch and the whole town was called "Markkleeberg", although Markkleeberg was the smallest, because it sounded most Germanic at a time of Nazi-led Germanisation.

The etymology of Markkleeberg may be 'clover hill market town '.

The name of Oetzsch has most likely a Wendish origin. In 1316 it was mentioned in a document as "Euschiz". The village originally had the form of a Rundling.

In 1813 much of the Battle of Leipzig took place where today's Markkleeberg is situated.

During 1944-1945, a forced labor camp for women was established in the town, initially a subcamp of the Ravensbrück concentration camp and later of Buchenwald. [2] Among the inmates were a thousand Jewish women from Hungary and 250 French resistance fighters.[3] In early April 1945 the surviving inmates were transferred to the Mauthausen-Gusen camp in Austria.

Today, Markkleeberg is a growing town, thanks to its proximity to Leipzig.[4]

Historical population

(Source since 1998: Statistical bureau of Saxony)

Year Population
194620,517
195020,130
196020,545
198120,622
198419,811
199520,415
199720,264
Year Population
199822,728
199923,157
200023,157
200123,087
200223,139
200323,306
200423,639
Year Population
200523,806
200623,913
200724,021
200824,020
200924,254
201024,338
Year Population
201124,402
201223.869
201323.940
201524.240

Culture

Markkleeberg is a well known tourist destination. Cospudener See and Markkleeberger See as well as a lot of parks and Kanupark Markkleeberg are close to the city.

Twinned Towns

Markkleeberg is twinned with:

References

  1. "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2019.
  2. Stessel, Zahava. "Memorial tablet for victims of the Women's Camp of Buchenwald" (in German). Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  3. "Homage to Frau Dr. Zahava Stessel, nee Katalin Szasz, survivor of the camp". www.markkleeberg.de/de/startseite/ Mark*Klee*Berg in Sachsen (in German). Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  4. "Life and Living in Markkleeberg". www.eigentumswohnung-kaufen-leipzig.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-11-23.
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