Markada

Markada (Arabic: مركدة, sometimes Markadah or Margada) is a town in southern al-Hasakah Governorate, northeastern Syria. It is the administrative center of the Nahiya Markada consisting of 13 municipalities. In the 2004 census, Markada had a population of 2,530.[1]

Markada

مركدة
Town
Markada
Location of Markada in Syria
Coordinates: 35.7589°N 40.7692°E / 35.7589; 40.7692
Country Syria
Governorateal-Hasakah
Districtal-Hasakah
SubdistrictMarkada
Population
 (2004)[1]
2,530
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
GeocodeC4454

The town is divided by the Khabur River.

History

Markada succeeded the village of "Makîsîn" (also spelled "Makasîn", "Maykasan" or "Makîs").[2] During early Islamic rule (7th–10th centuries), Makisin was a town in the district of Diyar Rabi'a with a bridge that crossed the Khabur River.[3] Large quantities of cotton were grown around the site.[3] In the late 680s, numerous Christian Taghlib tribesmen were killed in an ambush at Makisin by the Sulaym tribe as part of the long-running Qays–Yaman feud.[4]

Syrian Civil War

Markada saw fighting between the Syrian Government forces and the al-Nusra Front during 2013.[5][6] Having gained control of the town, the al-Nusra Front were driven out the following year by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in the Battle of Markada. By March 2014 thousands of residents had fled from Markada, many to al-Sur in Deir ez-Zor Governorate.[7]

US-led Coalition airstrikes against ISIL targeted the town in September 2017, with many casualties, including Iraqi refugees, reported.[8] On 19 October SDF attacked the town, capturing part of it.[9][10] The town was fully captured by the Syrian Democratic Forces in 9 November 2017.

See also

References

  1. "2004 Census Data for Nahiya Markada" (in Arabic). Syrian Central Bureau of Statistics. Also available in English: UN OCHA. "2004 Census Data". Humanitarian Data Exchange.
  2. Abdul Karim, Maamoun; Makdissi, Michel (2002). Al-Jazīrah al-Sūrīyah, al-turāth al-ḥaḍārī wa-al-ṣilāt al-mutabādalah: waqāʼiʻ al-muʼtamar al-duwalī, Dayr al-Zūr. The Ministry of Culture (Syria) and Directorate General of Antiquities and Museums. p. 302.
  3. Le Strange, Guy (1905). The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate: Mesopotamia, Persia, and Central Asia, from the Moslem Conquest to the Time of Timur. New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc. p. 97. OCLC 1044046.
  4. Wellhausen, J. (1927). Weir, Margaret Graham (ed.). The Arab Kingdom and its Fall. University of Calcutta. p. 204.
  5. Heras, Nicholas A. (24 October 2013). "The Battle for Syria's Al-Hasakah Province". Combating Terrorism Center at West Point. United States Military Academy. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  6. Boeykens, Jan (26 June 2013). "Latest News Syria: Foreign backed terrorists killed". La Fondation. Werkgroep Morkhoven. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  7. Aziz, Judi (8 March 2014). "Al-Nusra and Islamic Front advance in Hasaka countryside". ARA News. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  8. The massacre of Markadah town south of Hasaka kills at least 11 people half of them are Iraqi refugees, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, 26 September 2017
  9. https://isis.liveuamap.com/en/2017/19-october-sdf-has-entered-markada-and-have-captured-parts
  10. https://twitter.com/VivaRevolt/status/920927074059243520
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