Maritime Border Command (Australia)

The Maritime Border Command (MBC) is Australia's principal civil maritime security agency, a de facto coast guard, operating in the maritime domain to ensure compliance with Australia's maritime legislation by foreign and domestic non-state actors.[1][2] It is responsible for border protection in the exclusive economic zone of Australia and its 19,650 kilometres of coastline and issues such as illegal fishing and exploitation of natural resources, maritime terrorism and piracy, biosecurity threats, and marine pollution.

Maritime Border Command
Active2005–present
CountryAustralia
RoleMaritime security
Maritime surveillance
Border control
Part ofjoint Australian Border Force/Australian Defence Force
Headquarters locationCanberra, Australian Capital Territory
Commanders
Current
commander
Rear Admiral Lee Goddard

It is a multi-agency command within the Department of Home Affairs comprising both Australian Border Force (ABF) and Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel, led by a rear admiral in the Royal Australian Navy. In February 2019, Lee Goddard was promoted to the rank of rear admiral and became the Commander of MBC.[3]

The command was established in 2005 and originally named the Joint Offshore Protection Command. In October 2006 it was renamed to Border Protection Command and was again retitled to its current name in July 2015 to coincide with the establishment of ABF.[4]

Structure

The MBC is a joint unit of the Australian Defence Force (the Royal Australian Navy Patrol Force and the Royal Australian Air Force Surveillance and Response Group) and the Australian Border Force (Marine Unit and Coastwatch aircraft). Its headquarters are in Canberra and is part of the Operations Group of the ABF.[2] The ABF is part of the Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Since September 2013, the MBC has supported the Operation Sovereign Borders Joint Agency Taskforce.

The ADF elements of MBC are commanded from Northern Command in Darwin, Northern Territory.

The Australian Federal Police supports the MBC and particularly the ABF with criminal investigations, law enforcement and national security matters.

Role

The MBC delivers a coordinated national approach to offshore protection by operating as a single maritime surveillance, response and interception agency.

It detects and deters a wide range of illegal activities using a combination of ABF and ADF aircraft and vessels. ABF response assets include Coastwatch aircraft and Marine Unit patrol vessels. Its activities take place under a variety of legislation covering areas such as customs, fisheries, quarantine, immigration, environment and law enforcement.

The MBC is responsible for coordinating and controlling operations to protect Australia's national interests against the following maritime security threats:

  • illegal exploitation of natural resources
  • illegal activity in protected areas
  • unauthorised maritime arrivals
  • prohibited imports/exports
  • maritime terrorism
  • piracy
  • compromise to bio-security
  • marine pollution.

Commanders

RankNameTerm beganTerm ended
Commander Joint Offshore Protection Command
Rear AdmiralRuss Crane CSMMarch 2005May 2006
Rear AdmiralJames Goldrick AM, CSCMay 2006October 2006
Commander Border Protection Command
Rear AdmiralJames Goldrick AM, CSCOctober 2006May 2008
Rear AdmiralAllan du Toit AMMay 2008February 2010
Rear AdmiralTim Barrett AM, CSCFebruary 2010December 2011
Rear AdmiralDavid Johnston AMDecember 2011December 2013
Rear AdmiralMichael Noonan AMDecember 201314 January 2016
Commander Maritime Border Command
Rear AdmiralPeter Laver AM14 January 2016February 2019
Rear AdmiralLee Goddard CSCFebruary 2019Incumbent

References

  1. "Maritime Border Command – Australian Border Force". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  2. "Department of Immigration and Border Protection – Annual Report 2015-16" (PDF). Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  3. Rear Admiral Lee Goddard
  4. "Maritime Border Command's History – Australian Border Force". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
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