Marisa Sistach Peret

Marisa Sistach (né Marysa Sistach Peret, born September 10, 1952) is a Mexican director.

Marisa Sistach
Born (1952-09-10) September 10, 1952
NationalityMexican
OccupationDirector

Scholars have stated that Sistach is a significant part of third-wave, prolific female directors in Mexican cinema. She is known for her feature films and documentaries, many with recurring themes of femininity and women's issues.[1]

She directed her first film, a short live-action piece, titled ¿Y si Platicamos de Agosto? in 1980, for which she won an Ariel (Mexican Academy Award). Other films she has directed include Perfume de violetas (2001), El cometa (1999), Anoche soñé contigo (1992), Los pasos de Ana (1990), La niña en la piedra (2006), and Los Crímenes de Mar del Norte (2017).[2][3]

Early Life and Education

Marysa Sistach Peret was born on September 10, 1952 in Mexico City, Distrito Federal, Mexico.[4] She attended and graduated from el Centro de Capacitación Cinematográfica in Mexico City, a film school founded by Mexico's National Council for Culture and Arts.[5] According to Elissa Rashkin, Sistach was among a movement in the late 1980's of innovative female directors in Mexican cinematic history, along with Maria Novaro, Busi Cortés, Guita Schyfter, and Dana Rotberg.[5] This movement has been described as being "coming to terms with the past (with the past in images, with the past in the history of the country), the acknowledgement of one’s own sensitivity (romanticism recovered in a feminist way), and the emergence of magic realism as denaturalization of women’s world, as a way of making representation visible."[6]


Career and Legacy

The legacy of Sistach's filmmaking goes beyond the box office success and critical reception of her films - moreover, her films are a social commentary on gender inequality, violence against women, socioeconomic class, and adolesence. Screening Minors in Latin American Cinema describes Sistach's directorial perspective on these issues, saying, "films such as Sistach's highlight the socioeconomic divide between adolescence and sexual exploration in those higher up versus lower down on the economic scale. Moreover, they illustrate the lack of agency and recourse to justice available to adolescents on the lower end of the economic scale - especially female adolescents who are twice marginalized by gender and economic status."[7]

According to Rashkin, Sistach's Los pasos de Ana (1990), along with Busi Cortés' El secreto de Romeila (1988) were the two most popular feature films directed by Mexican women of their time.[5] Her films have been described by critics as innovative as they opened doors and created opportunities for women in cinema and film production.[8] Perfume de Violeta has been awarded three Ariels, won over twenty prizes on the international film festival sphere, and was Mexico's official choice for the Academy Awards.[9]

Rashkin has stated that the works created a genre of 'women's cinema,' as well as a new sentiment that went beyond women being objectified in film. She further remarked that Sistach's work allowed for more control and autonomy of the overall role of women in film.[5]

In Sistach's own words, she "situated her filmmaking in relation to Golden Age melodramas by saying that her films responded to classical films' reduction of women to the roles of 'good mother' or 'prostitute' [...] she created 'a kind of woman who exists in the Mexican reality, but who has not been represented on the screen before.'"[8] She aimed to reshape the portrayal of women in Mexican cinema, saying,

"I believe that women have to invent, in our field of work, a new language that will be nourished by the common experiences of our individual histories. This woman’s word should be inscribed in our culture. To destroy the false mirror of woman that is, in general, the cinema. . . . It means reappropriating our image and in doing so, seeking our identity."[5]

Critics have stated that Sistach's films are unique in that they portray controversial themes and messages that address the powerlessness of minority groups.[8] In "Screening Minors in Latin American Cinema", author Traci Roberts-Camps describes the impact of Sistach's films, explaining,

"Sistach portrays protagonists who have less agency because they are young, female, and working class— these factors affect their ability to 'resist, negotiate and transform' external forces of power. These three factors— age, gender, and socioeconomic class— combine in such a way that the young women have little recourse to justice after the violence they experience. In other words, they are powerless to affect change in the institutional structures that overlook or perpetuate this violence."[10]

The perspective Sistach's films have brought to the culture of Mexican cinema have been widely received as both a social commentary on societal constructs in Mexico as well as a feminist demand for change in patriarchal aspects of this society. Critic Diego de Pozo's commentary on Sistach's Perfume de violetas calls on both of these purposes, stating,

"Perfume de violetas shows how the city and its economy interact, which in turn has an effect on individuals as manifested in family and social interaction and expectancies and including the constructions of gender. All of these elements are intensified in the broad lower-class. Sistach's film becomes a representation of how the urban setting, with its limited access and drive to attain capital, provokes sexual violence against females and transforms these citizens into agents of violence to secure survival [...] Perfume de violetas denounces the governmental and societal ignorance which affects females in Mexico. The protagonist interacts with a dominant culture and an urban space that provoke sexual violence against the female subject. The home and school spheres create the construction of gender which result in violence when females enter the public space."[11]


Filmography

Year Title Description
1980 ¿Y si Platicamos de Agosto? Two young people in the 1968 student's movement are awakened to love and social conscience.[12]
1983 Conozco a los tres A film of single and divorced mothers, responding to the 'nuclear families of classic melodramas'.[8]
1990 Los pasos de Ana A divorced mother decides to fulfill her lifelong dream of becoming a director, and begins to film everything she sees in her everyday life.[13]
1992 Anoche soñé contigo Two teenage boys hoping to spend their summer fulfilling sexual conquests and experiences are in for a surprise when one of the boys' older, more sexually experienced cousin Azucena comes to visit.[14]
1995 La línea paterna Using the home movies of his grandfather Dr. Jose Buil Belenguer, Jose Buil shows a personal history of his life, portraying the intimate life of Mexican domestic life in the small town of Papantia.[15]
1999 El Cometa After her father is arrested for publishing material contradictory to the regime of Mexican dictator Portifirio Diaz, young Valentina escapes to join forces with rebels in Texas.[16]
2001 Perfume de violetas The friendship of Yessica and Miriam, two young girls from different social backgrounds in Mexico city, is put to the test when one of the girls is sexually assaulted.
2006 La niña en la piedra When teenage Gabi's romantic advances are rejected by Mati, he decides to take revenge.[17]
2007 El brassier de Emma Emma, undergoing adolescence, deals with a difficult family situation and her changing figure as she realizes breasts are the centre of the universe.[18]
2014 La fórmula del doctor Funes Dr. Funes invents a formula that can turn adults into young people and upon testing it on himself, he turns into a 12-year old boy.[19]
2017 Los Crímenes de Mar del Norte A young chemistry student Jorge and his girlfriend Paquita's relationship is put to the test when the police find corpses in the garden of the laboratory.[20]

References

  1. "Marisa Sistach - Rotten Tomatoes". www.rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved 2019-11-04.
  2. "Marisa Sistach". OCLC: WorldCat Identities.
  3. Aldama, Frederick L. (2013-04-25). Mex-Ciné: Mexican Filmmaking, Production, and Consumption in the Twenty-first Century. University of Michigan Press. p. 127. ISBN 9780472029129.
  4. "Marisa Sistach - Rotten Tomatoes". www.rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved 2019-11-04.
  5. Rashkin, Elissa. J (2001). Women filmmakers in Mexico: The country of which we dream. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press.
  6. Fernández, Pura (2019-10-28). "¿Una empresa de mujeres? Editoras iberoamericanas contemporáneas". Lectora: Revista de dones i textualitat (in Spanish). 0 (25): 11–41. doi:10.1344/Lectora2019.25.1. ISSN 2013-9470.
  7. Selimovic, Inela (2014-04-10). "CAROLINA ROCHA AND GEORGIA SEMINET, EDS. Screening Minors in Latin American Cinema. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2014. xx + 203 pp". Revista Canadiense de Estudios Hispánicos. 38 (3): 625–628. doi:10.18192/rceh.v38i3.1718. ISSN 0384-8167.
  8. Arredondo, Isabel (2013-12-19). Motherhood in Mexican Cinema, 1941-1991: The Transformation of Femininity on Screen. McFarland. pp. 1, 2, 17, 25, 96, 168. ISBN 9781476602387.
  9. Hershfield, J. (2010). Women's Cinema and Contemporary Allegories of Violence in Mexico. Discourse 32(2), 170-185.
  10. Rocha, Caroline (2014). Screening Minors in Latin American Cinema. ProQuest eBook Central: Lexington Books. p. 89.
  11. Rangel, L. (2010). LOCATING GENDER CONSTRUCTION: WOMEN, VIOLENCE, AND SURVIVAL IN PERFUME DE VIOLETAS, NADIE TE OYE. Chasqui, 39(1), 92-103. Retrieved from http://proxy.library.carleton.ca/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.proxy.library.carleton.ca/docview/822641446?accountid=9894
  12. Administrator. "¿Y si platicamos de agosto? / En línea GRATIS (2 de octubre)". El CCC » Centro de Capacitación Cinematográfica (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  13. Anna's Steps, retrieved 2019-10-12
  14. Dreaming About You, retrieved 2019-10-12
  15. "La Linea Paterna". Rotten Tomatoes.
  16. The Comet, retrieved 2019-10-12
  17. Violet Perfume: No One Is Listening, retrieved 2019-10-30
  18. El Brassier de Emma, retrieved 2019-10-12
  19. Sistach, Maria, director. La fórmula del doctor Funes. Producciones Tragaluz, 2014.
  20. Sistach, Maria, director. Los Crímenes De Mar Del Norte. Dragon Films, 2017.
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