Marion County, Missouri

Marion County is a county located in the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,781.[1] Its county seat is Palmyra.[2] Unique from most third-class counties in the state, Marion has two county courthouses, the second located in Hannibal.[3] The county was organized December 23, 1826[4][5] and named for General Francis Marion, the "Swamp Fox," who was from South Carolina and served in the American Revolutionary War.[6] The area was known as the "Two Rivers Country" before organization.

Marion County
Marion County courthouse in Palmyra
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri

Missouri's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°49′N 91°37′W
Country United States
State Missouri
FoundedDecember 23, 1826
Named forFrancis Marion
SeatPalmyra
Largest cityHannibal
Area
  Total444 sq mi (1,150 km2)
  Land437 sq mi (1,130 km2)
  Water7.4 sq mi (19 km2)  1.7%
Population
 (2010)
  Total28,781
  Estimate 
(2018)
28,592
  Density65/sq mi (25/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitehttp://marioncountymo.com/

Marion County is part of the Hannibal, Missouri Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Quincy-Hannibal, IL-MO Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 444 square miles (1,150 km2), of which 437 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (1.7%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties

Major Roadways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
18304,837
18409,62398.9%
185012,23027.1%
186018,83854.0%
187023,78026.2%
188024,8374.4%
189026,2335.6%
190026,3310.4%
191030,57216.1%
192030,226−1.1%
193033,49310.8%
194031,576−5.7%
195029,765−5.7%
196029,522−0.8%
197028,121−4.7%
198028,6381.8%
199027,682−3.3%
200028,2892.2%
201028,7811.7%
Est. 201828,592[8]−0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[13] of 2010, there were 28,781 people, 11,066 households, and 7,524 families residing in the county. The population density was 65 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 12,443 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.26% White, 4.62% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Approximately 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.5% were of German, 25.6% American, 11.0% Irish and 10.3% English ancestry.

There were 11,066 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.50% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,774, and the median income for a family was $41,290. Males had a median income of $30,935 versus $20,591 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,964. About 9.30% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.30% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public schools

Private schools

Post-secondary

Public libraries

    Hannibal Free Public Library[14]

    • Palmyra Bicentennial Public Library[15]

    Politics

    Local

    The Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Marion County. Democrats hold all but two of the elected positions in the county.

    Marion County, Missouri
    Elected countywide officials
    Assessor Mark Novak Democratic
    Circuit Clerk Valerie Munzlinger (Division I) / Carolyn Conners (Division II) Democratic
    County Clerk Valerie Dornberger Democratic
    Collector Mary Ann Viorel Democratic
    Commissioner
    (Presiding)
    Lyndon Bode Democratic
    Commissioner
    (District 1)
    Robert Heiser Democratic
    Commissioner
    (District 2)
    Randy Spratt Republican
    Coroner Darrell McCoy Democratic
    Prosecuting Attorney Thomas P. Redington Democratic
    Public Administrator Wendy Howe Democratic
    Recorder Janet Dearing Democratic
    Sheriff Jimmy Shinn Democratic
    Surveyor John D. Janes Independent
    Treasurer Joelle Fohey Democratic

    State

    Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
    Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
    2016 65.84% 8,484 31.86% 4,105 2.30% 297
    2012 53.03% 6,380 44.83% 5,394 2.14% 257
    2008 58.82% 7,341 39.77% 4,964 1.41% 176
    2004 67.03% 8,292 31.77% 3,930 1.20% 148
    2000 50.05% 5,832 48.88% 5,696 1.07% 125
    1996 31.55% 3,388 66.68% 7,161 1.78% 191

    Marion County is in Missouri's 5th district in the Missouri House of Representatives, represented by Lindell F. Shumake (R-Hannibal).

    Missouri House of Representatives — District 5 — Marion County (2016)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±
    Republican Lindell F. Shumake 9,532 74.88% +0.24
    Democratic O.C. Latta 3,197 25.12% -0.24
    Missouri House of Representatives — District 5 — Marion County (2014)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±
    Republican Lindell F. Shumake 5,089 74.64% +12.30
    Democratic C. Leroy Deichman 1,729 25.36% -12.30
    Missouri House of Representatives — District 5 — Marion County (2012)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±
    Republican Lindell F. Shumake 7,445 62.34%
    Democratic Tom Shively 4,497 37.66%

    All of Marion County is a part of Missouri’s 18th District in the Missouri Senate; it is represented by Brian Munzlinger (R-Williamstown).

    Missouri Senate — District 18 — Marion County (2014)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±
    Republican Brian Munzlinger 5,630 100.00%

    Federal

    U.S. Senate — Missouri — Marion County (2016)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±
    Republican Roy Blunt 8,239 64.11% +11.46
    Democratic Jason Kander 4,115 32.02% -11.77
    Libertarian Jonathan Dine 277 2.16% -1.40
    Green Johnathan McFarland 128 1.00% +1.00
    Constitution Fred Ryman 93 0.72% +0.72
    U.S. Senate — Missouri — Marion County (2012)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±
    Republican Todd Akin 6,350 52.65%
    Democratic Claire McCaskill 5,281 43.79%
    Libertarian Jonathan Dine 429 3.56%

    Marion County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

    U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District - Marion County (2016)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±
    Republican Sam Graves 9,405 74.46% +0.30
    Democratic David M. Blackwell 2,915 23.08% -0.76
    Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 193 1.53% -0.47
    Green Mike Diel 118 0.93% +0.93
    U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 6th Congressional District — Marion County (2014)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±
    Republican Sam Graves 5,008 74.16% +9.76
    Democratic Bill Hedge 1,610 23.84% -9.88
    Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 135 2.00% +0.12
    U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District — Marion County (2012)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±
    Republican Sam Graves 7,462 64.40%
    Democratic Kyle Yarber 3,907 33.72%
    Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 218 1.88%
    Presidential elections results
    Presidential elections results[16]
    Year Republican Democratic Third parties
    2016 72.8% 9,419 23.1% 2,994 4.1% 525
    2012 65.2% 7,923 33.2% 4,031 1.7% 204
    2008 61.4% 7,705 37.5% 4,703 1.2% 145
    2004 62.8% 7,815 36.7% 4,568 0.6% 70
    2000 55.9% 6,550 42.6% 4,993 1.4% 169
    1996 43.4% 4,653 45.9% 4,924 10.7% 1,144
    1992 40.4% 4,762 43.8% 5,156 15.8% 1,865
    1988 47.2% 5,034 52.6% 5,617 0.2% 23
    1984 59.4% 6,831 40.6% 4,666
    1980 49.5% 6,036 48.3% 5,890 2.1% 260
    1976 47.2% 5,501 52.5% 6,124 0.3% 38
    1972 63.3% 7,197 36.7% 4,171
    1968 41.6% 4,732 47.6% 5,416 10.7% 1,221
    1964 30.3% 3,605 69.8% 8,314
    1960 48.8% 6,431 51.2% 6,758
    1956 45.1% 5,657 54.9% 6,874
    1952 42.1% 6,162 57.8% 8,457 0.1% 18
    1948 29.4% 3,802 70.5% 9,122 0.2% 20
    1944 34.7% 4,560 65.2% 8,575 0.1% 14
    1940 37.6% 5,892 62.1% 9,723 0.3% 45
    1936 29.4% 4,628 70.3% 11,068 0.3% 51
    1932 28.4% 4,123 70.9% 10,293 0.7% 103
    1928 57.3% 7,664 42.5% 5,679 0.2% 24
    1924 44.0% 5,408 46.7% 5,739 9.4% 1,150
    1920 40.4% 4,660 58.2% 6,719 1.4% 166
    1916 37.3% 2,759 61.3% 4,534 1.5% 108
    1912 28.7% 1,693 58.7% 3,471 12.6% 745
    1908 37.7% 2,554 58.8% 3,982 3.5% 236
    1904 42.2% 2,433 54.3% 3,127 3.5% 202
    1900 38.2% 2,490 60.2% 3,927 1.7% 109
    1896 39.9% 2,699 59.3% 4,008 0.8% 52
    1892 36.5% 2,154 61.5% 3,634 2.0% 119
    1888 39.0% 2,294 57.2% 3,365 3.7% 220

    Missouri presidential preference primary (2008)

    • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 1,587, than any candidate from either party in Marion County during the 2008 presidential primary.
    Marion County, Missouri
    2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
    Hillary Clinton1,587 (54.44%)
    Barack Obama1,188 (40.75%)
    John Edwards (withdrawn)105 (3.60%)
    Uncommitted18 (0.62%)
    Marion County, Missouri
    2008 Republican primary in Missouri
    John McCain714 (26.71%)
    Mike Huckabee904 (33.82%)
    Mitt Romney891 (33.33%)
    Ron Paul114 (4.26%)

    Communities

    See also

    References

    1. "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
    2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
    3. "Marion County, Missouri". 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-23.
    4. "Marion County Collection Descriptions". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
    5. "A Short History of Marion County". MOGenWeb. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
    6. Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 193.
    7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
    8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 15, 2019.
    9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
    10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
    11. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
    12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
    13. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
    14. Breeding, Marshall. "Hannibal Free Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
    15. Breeding, Marshall. "Palmyra Bicentennial Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
    16. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-25.

    Further reading

    • History of Marion County, Missouri: written and compiled from the most authentic official and private sources (1884) full text

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