Marie-Claire Daveluy

Marie-Claire Daveluy (August 15, 1880 January 21, 1968) was a Canadian librarian, historian and writer.[1] She is considered a pioneer in library science in Canada.[2]

Marie-Claire Daveluy
Born(1880-08-15)August 15, 1880
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
DiedJanuary 21, 1968(1968-01-21) (aged 87)
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Genreyouth historical novel

The daughter of Georges Daveluy and Marie Lesieur Desaulniers, she was born in Montreal and was educated at the Hochelaga Convent. She earned a degree in library science at McGill University in 1920. At the Bibliothèque municipale de Montréal, she was assistant librarian from 1920 to 1943 and head of cataloguing from 1930 to 1941. In 1937, with Aegidius Fauteux, she founded the École de bibliothécaires at the Université de Montréal and served as its chair for several years. She also helped found the Association canadienne des bibliothécaires de langue française in 1943. She hosted a weekly program of historical sketches on Radio-Canada from 1943 to 1948. Daveluy contributed articles to various periodicals including the Revue d'histoire de l'Amérique française, La Bonne Parole, L'Oiseau bleu and L'action française. Her novels for youth combined Canadian history with romantic fiction. She also published a number of fairy tales including Le Filleul du roi Grolo, Sur les ailes de l'oiseau bleu and Une Révolte au pays des fées.[3][4]

She was the first woman to become a member of the Montreal Historical Society. In 1924, she received the Prix David for her historical novel Aventures de Perrine et Charlot. In 1934, she received the Prix de l'Académie Française[5] and a second Prix David for Jeanne-Mance, 1606-1673.[3][6][4]

She died in Montreal at the age of 87.


  1. Creative Canada: A Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-century Creative and Performing Artists. Volume 1. 1971. pp. 1847–49. ISBN 1442637838.
  2. "Marie-Claire Daveluy" (in French). Académie des lettres du Québec.
  3. "Marie-Claire Daveluy fonds". Library and Archives Canada.
  4. "Daveluy, Marie-Claire". Catalogue des archives de la Ville de Montréal (in French).
  5. "Record in the Académie Française". 1935. Retrieved October 3, 2019.
  6. "Marie-Claire Daveluy". Celebrating Women's Achievements. Library and Archives Canada.

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