Margravate of Mantua

The Margravate of Mantua was a Margravate in Lombardy, Northern Italy, subject to the Holy Roman Empire.

Margravate of Mantua

Coat of arms
Northern Italy in 1796; the Duchy of Mantua can be seen centre-right, shaded in orange, as part of the Duchy of Milan.
Common languagesLombard – Italian
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
Margrave of Mantua 
Gianfrancesco I (first)
Ludovico II
Federico I
Francesco II
Federico II (last)
Historical eraEarly Modern
16 August 1328
22 September 1433
 Charles V raises the Margravate to Duchy
8 April 1530 1530
CurrencyMantuan solidus, lira and others
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Captaincy-General of Mantua
Duchy of Mantua


The 9th century was the period of episcopal supremacy, and in the 11th the city formed part of the vast possessions of Bonifacio III, marquis of Canossa. From him it passed to Geoffrey, duke of Lorraine, and afterwards to the countess Matilda, whose support of the pope led to the conquest of Mantua by the emperor Henry IV in 1090. Reduced to obedience by Matilda in 1113, the city obtained its liberty on her death, and instituted a communal government of its own, salva imperiali justitia. It afterwards joined the Lombard League; and the unsuccessful attack made by Frederick II in 1236 brought it a confirmation of its privileges. But after a period of internal discord Ludovico Gonzaga attained to power (1328), and was recognized as imperial vicar (1329); and from that time till the death of Ferdinando Carlo in 1708 the Gonzagas were masters of Mantua under Gian Francesco II, the first Margrave, Ludovico III, Gian Francesco II (whose wife was Isabella d'Este), and Federico II, the first duke of Mantua, the city rose rapidly into importance as a seat of industry and culture. It was stormed and sacked by the Austrians in 1630, and never quite recovered.

Lords of Mantua

People's Captains

Margraves of Mantua

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