Margaret Audley (FitzWarin)

Margaret II Audley (died 1373[3]) was a co-heiress to the feudal barony of Barnstaple in Devon, England.

  • The Right Honourable
  • The Lady FitzWarin
Detail from oak wood effigy believed to represent Lady Margaret II Audley,[1] formerly in Tawstock Church under a recessed arch in wall of north chancel, now in Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon
BornMargaret Audley
Died1373
Devon, England
TitleBaroness FitzWarin
Spouse(s)Fulk VII FitzWarin
IssueFulk VIII FitzWarin
Parents

Origins

Margaret was a daughter of James Audley, 2nd Baron Audley (1312/13-1386), seated at the manor of Tawstock, feudal baron of Barnstaple, by his second wife Isabel LeStrange, daughter of Roger le Strange, 5th Baron Strange (c. 1327–1382) of Knokyn.[4] In 1370 James Audley settled the manor of Tawstock in tail male successively to his three sons from his 2nd marriage, thus Margaret's brothers, Thomas, Rodeland and James, who all died without progeny.[5] On the death of James Audley in 1386 the barony of Barnstaple, including 2/3rds of the manor of Tawstock, passed to his surviving son (from his first marriage) Nicholas Audley, 3rd Baron Audley (c.1328-1391), who died without issue. Nicholas's co-heiresses were his two full-sisters Joan and Margaret I and his half-sister Margaret II, who inherited Tawstock:

  • Joan Audley (1331–1393) who married Sir John Tuchet (1327—1371),[6]
  • Margaret I Audley (b. pre-1351, d. 1410/11), who married Sir Roger Hillary.[7]
  • Margaret II Audley, his half-sister, who according to Pole inherited Tawstock by a special entail,[8] wife of Fulk VIII FitzWarin, 4th Baron FitzWarin (1341-1374).

Inheritance

The lands which descended via Lady Margaret Audley to the FitzWarins and Bourchiers included:

Marriage & progeny

Margaret II Audley married Fulk VIII FitzWarin, 4th Baron FitzWarin (1341-1374). The FitzWarin family were powerful Marcher Lords seated at Whittington Castle in Shropshire and at Alveston in Gloucestershire. The title Baron FitzWarin was created by writ of summons for Fulk V FitzWarin in 1295. For the descendants of Margaret Audley see Manor of Tawstock.

Death & burial

Margaret died in 1373 and it is believed that she is represented by the oak effigy of a recumbent lady formerly in a niche in the north wall of St Peter's Church, Tawstock, from where it was removed to the Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon in Barnstaple.

Sources

  • Lauder, Rosemary, Devon Families, Tiverton, 2002, pp. 151–156, Wrey of Tawstock, p. 152
  • Sanders, I.J., English Baronies, Oxford, 1960, p. 104, Barony of Barnstaple
  • Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p. 552, pedigree of Martyn,Barons of Barnstaple

References

  1. Identification as "Lady Margaret Audley (d.1373)" per information label by her effigy, Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon; Hoskins, W.G., A New Survey of England: Devon, London, 1959 (first published 1954), p.489 "14th-cent. effigy in oak of an unknown lady"; Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.790: "Fine wooden c.14 effigy, one of those attributed to a Bristol workshop. Perhaps Eleanor or Margaret (sic) Martin" (James Audley's mother was Johanna Martin, sister of Eleanor and heiress of her brother William Martin, feudal baron of Barnstaple (Vivian, p.552))
  2. As given for Nicholas de Audley on the following Rolls of arms: Collins Roll (1304), Falkirk Roll (1298) and for his ancestor on the Glover's Roll (c. 1240-45)
  3. Date of death per information label by her effigy, Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon
  4. GEC, I, pp.339-40
  5. GEC Complete Peerage, vol.V, p.501, Baron FitzWarin, note a, inquisition post mortem of Nicholas Audeley (d.1391)
  6. Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham. Magna Carta ancestry: a study in colonial and medieval families, Genealogical Publishing Com, 2005. pg 831. Google eBook
  7. GEC Complete Peerage p.501
  8. Pole, p.390
  9. Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.291
  10. Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.271
  11. Risdon, pp.182,, 386
  12. Risdon, p.334
  13. Risdon, p.80
  14. Pole, p.221
  15. Arms of Fulk V FitzWarin, St George's Roll of Arms, 1285, briantimms.com, St George's Roll, part 1, no. E69
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