Mardin Province (Classical Syriac: ܡܪܕܐ, Turkish: Mardin ili, ‹See Tfd›Kurdish: Parêzgeha Mêrdînê, Arabic: ماردين,), is a province of Turkey with a population of 809,719 in 2017. The population was 835,173 in 2000. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin (Classical Syriac: ܡܶܪܕܺܝܢ "Mardin" Arabic: ماردين, Mardīn). Located near the traditional boundary of Anatolia and Mesopotamia, it has a diverse population, composed of Kurdish, Arab and Assyrian people, with Kurds forming the majority of the province's population.
Location of Mardin Province in Turkey
|• Electoral district||Mardin|
|• Governor||Mustafa Yaman|
|• Metropolitan Mayor||Ahmet Turk (HDP)|
|• Total||8,891 km2 (3,433 sq mi)|
|• Density||93/km2 (240/sq mi)|
Mardin comes from the Syriac word (ܡܪܕܐ) and means "fortresses".
The first known civilization were the Subarian-Hurrians who were then succeeded in 3000 BCE by the Hurrians. The Elamites gained control around 2230 BCE and were followed by the Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Romans and Byzantines.
The local Assyrians/Syriacs, while very reduced due to the massacres of the Assyrian Genocide and conflicts between the Kurds and Turks, hold on to two of the oldest monasteries in the world, Dayro d-Mor Hananyo (Turkish Deyrülzafaran, English Saffron Monastery) and Deyrulumur Monastery. The Christian community is concentrated on the Tur Abdin plateau and in the town of Midyat, with a smaller community (approximately 200) in the provincial capital.
Mardin province is divided into 10 districts (capital district in bold):
- "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7.
- Lipiński, Edward (2000). The Aramaeans: Their Ancient History, Culture, Religion. Peeters Publishers. p. 146. ISBN 978-90-429-0859-8.
- Payne Smith's A Compendious Syriac Dictionary, Dukhrana.com
- "- Antik Tatlıdede Konağı - Mardin". www.tatlidede.com.tr. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
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