March of Ancona

The March of Ancona (Italian: Marca Anconitana) (also Anconetana) was a frontier march centred on the city of Ancona and, then, Macerata in the Middle Ages.[1] Its name is preserved as an Italian region today, the Marches, and it corresponds to almost the entire modern region and not just the Province of Ancona.

The march was created as a political division of the Papal States during the pontificate of Innocent III in the year 1198. It was initially governed by a papal nominee called a rector. The rector of Ancona, like the rectors of the other papal provinces, was under the authority of a general rector reporting directly to the pope. The province was confirmed by the Constitutiones Sanctæ Matris Ecclesiæ in 1357. The march followed the Adriatic as far north as Urbino and contained the cities of Loreto, Camerino, Fermo, Macerata, Osimo, San Severino, and Tolentino

According to Paul Sabatier's biography of St. Francis of Assisi, "The Road to Assisi", the March of Ancona became the home of the spiritual Franciscans after Francis' death.

Rulers

House of Este

House of Urslingen

House of Annweiler

House of Este

The line of "Marquesses of Este"("Marchesi d'Este") rises in 1039 with Albert Azzo II, Margrave of Milan. The name "Este" is related to the city where the family came from, Este. The family was founded by Adalbert the Margrave. who might have been the true first Margrave of Milan of this family. In 1209 Azzo VI is named the first "Marquess of Ferrara", and the title passed to his descendants, and Este Marquisate's was delegated to a cadet branch of the family. Later, were also created the Marquisates of Modena and Reggio.

RulerBornReignDeathConsortNotes
Azzo VIc.11701209-1212November 1212Sofia Aldobrandini
1189
two children

Sophia (Eleonora) of Savoy
before 1192
one child

Alix of Châtillon
22 February 1204
two children
Son of Azzo V. In 1209 was made the first Marquess of Ferrara.
Aldobrandino Ic.11901212-121510 October 1215Unknown
Before 1215
three children
Son of Azzo VI and Sofia
Azzo VII Novelloc.12051212-126416 February 1264Giovanna of Puglia
1225
five children

Mabilia Pallavicini
1238
no/two children
Son of Azzo VI and Alix
Obizzo II1247 or 12521264-129320 January or 13 February[2] 1293Jacopina (Fieschi) of Lavagna
1263
three children

Constance (della Scala) of Verona
1289
two children
Grandson of Azzo VII, as bastard son of Azzo's son, Rinaldo.
Azzo VIIIAfter 12631293-130831 January 1308Giovanna Orsini
September 1282
three children

Beatrice of Sicily
April 1305
no children
Son of Obizzo II.
Francesco Ic. or after 12891293-131223 August 1312Orsina Orsini
four children
Son of Obizzo II.
Aldobrandino II?1293-132626 July 1326Alda Rangoni
1289
four children
Co-ruled with his sons and nephews, following a pro-Este revolt in Ferrara.
Rinaldo?1326-133531 December 1335Lucrezia di Barbiano
one child
Co-ruled with his brothers and cousins, following a pro-Este revolt in Ferrara.
Niccolò I?1326-13441 May 1344Beatrice of Mantua
21 April 1335
no children
Co-ruled with his brothers and cousins, following a pro-Este revolt in Ferrara.
Obizzo III14 July 12941326-135220 March 1352Jacopa Pepoli
May 1317
no children

Filippa Ariosti
(lover until 1347)
27 November 1347
ten children
(legitimated 1347)
Co-ruled with his brothers and cousins, following a pro-Este revolt in Ferrara.

House of Sforza

References

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.