Marcel Hillaire (born Erwin Ottmar Hiller; April 23, 1908 – January 1, 1988) was a German-born character actor who had a lengthy career, appearing on stage, in films and on television. Hillaire was recognizable by his gaunt appearance and his accent, which seemed to be a combination of French and German.
Erwin Ottmar Hiller
April 23, 1908
|Died||January 1, 1988 79) (aged|
|Relatives||Ferdinand Hiller, grandfather|
Of Jewish descent, Hillaire first evaded the Holocaust in Nazi Germany by adopting a stage name and moving around constantly in traveling theater troupes; later he brazenly entered the bureaucracy of the Todt under his birth name, narrowly avoiding execution after capture. After World War II, Hillaire emigrated to America, again changed his name, and adopted a French persona, even touring the United States in a one-man stage show dedicated to celebrating French culture. In the early days of American television Hillaire guest starred in over a hundred episodes of various series, usually playing a Frenchman. In American films, Hillaire played the French chef training Audrey Hepburn's eponymous Sabrina and was featured as Fritz the director in Woody Allen's mockumentary Take the Money and Run.
Heritage and early life
Hillaire's grandfather was Ferdinand Hiller, a Frankfurt-born pianist and music educator, a student of the Austro-Hungarian composer virtuoso Johann Nepomuk Hummel, himself a student of Mozart. Under Hummel's tutelage, Hiller met many members of Germany's creative community including Felix Mendelssohn and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
Through Hummel, Hiller met Ludwig van Beethoven just days before the legendary composer's death and, with the permission of Hummel, who was playing at Beethoven's funeral, clipped a lock of hair from Beethoven's corpse. Before the elder Hiller died, he gave the Beethoven keepsake as a birthday present to his son, Cologne opera singer and music critic Paul Hiller.
Erwin Hiller was born to Paul Hiller and his wife Sophie Lion in Cologne in 1908; the son was partly Jewish on both father's and mother's sides. Paul Hiller wrote for 24 years as the music critic of Cologne's Rheinische Zeitung, "reviewing over the course of a quarter century virtually every operatic and orchestral performance scheduled throughout the lower Rheinland." Erwin and his brother were exposed to music and the arts from their earliest days, and by the father's death in 1934, Erwin was well-established as an actor and a Lothario.
Hiding in Nazi Germany
While his brother Edgar fled to neutral Switzerland, Erwin took up the stage name Harry Fuerster or Fürster and began to tour Germany in a traveling theater company. Then, using romantic associations made during his touring, Erwin Hiller, under his own name, became a clerk in Organization Todt, Nazi Germany's civil and military engineering corps. Stationed in Brittany, Hiller rose to a position directly under the supervision of Albert Speer and in 1942 used his connections to attempt to bring his dying mother, still living in Cologne, to the comparative safety of France.
Three years later, while he was still working for the Todt in Germany, Hiller's Jewish heritage was revealed. Sentenced to death for "his insidious deceit as much as his Semitic ancestry", Hiller awaited execution in a Weimar jail, but was transferred to a Berlin prison to face six-year-old statutory rape charges made before the war by the mother of a teenaged admirer. In April 1945, the Russian army liberated Berlin and Hiller was released from custody.
Career in New York
Hiller emigrated from Germany to the United States on June 15, 1948, arriving in New York City and taking jobs in restaurants while he looked for work as an actor. Shortly after coming to America, Hiller decided that his German birth might hinder his prospects in the entertainment industry, so he changed his identity one last time: to Marcel Hilliare, a Frenchman. He never used his birth name again in public.
Hillaire found employment portraying European characters in Manhattan theater productions and in the budding television industry's New York studios. He appeared in three 1952 episodes of the Goodyear Playhouse and five episodes of the Lux Video Theatre by 1953. The same year, Hillaire guested in one of the first situation comedies, The Goldbergs. When Billy Wilder cast his 1954 Sabrina starring Audrey Hepburn, William Holden and Humphrey Bogart; Hillaire, in his first film role, was chosen to portray a French master chef.
While still in New York, Hillaire appeared in two Broadway productions. He played opposite Jean-Pierre Aumont in the play The Heavenly Twins, adapted from a French comedy by Albert Husson. From February 1955 until April 1956 Hillaire had a featured role in the original cast of the Cole Porter musical Silk Stockings.
The "essence of all Frenchmen"
After moving to Los Angeles, Hillaire continued to portray Europeans, mostly Frenchmen, in television episodes and movies. Beginning in the late fifties, Hillaire took a one-man touring show, entitled The Smile of France, to college campuses across the U.S.
In speaking to town newspapers about upcoming performances, Hillaire told reporters he was born in the Ménilmontant neighborhood of Paris, the son of circus performers, who worked at the Folies Bergère, and was trained as an actor by French theater legends Louis Jouvet and Sacha Guitry. Hillaire adopted the sobriquet "the essence of all Frenchmen" and told reporters he had been acclaimed "Le Bien-Aime du Peuple Francais" (The Well-Beloved of the French People).
While performing at the Library of Congress's Coolidge Auditorium, one of Hillaire's early shows was recorded for library archives and included works from François Villon, Guy de Maupassant, Pierre de Ronsard, and Guillaume Apollinaire, plus readings from love letters by Napoléon Bonaparte, Jeanne Bécu du Barry, and Louis XV. Later performances added works from authors Jean de La Fontaine, Colette, Voltaire, Marcel Pagnol, and Sacha Guitry.
From the early 1950s to the 1980s, he played character parts in various TV shows, including The Twilight Zone (episodes "A Most Unusual Camera" and "The New Exhibit"), Lost in Space, Get Smart, The Man from U.N.C.L.E., McCloud and I Spy. He appeared as a director in Woody Allen's second film, Take the Money and Run (1969). Marcel Hillaire played a role in Combat. Season 3 Episode 12, "A Rare Vintage", in 1964
|1959||It Happened to Jane||Chef||Uncredited|
|1960||The Twilight Zone||Waiter||Episode: A Most Unusual Camera|
|1960||Seven Thieves||Duc di Salins|
|1960||North to Alaska||Jenny's Husband - 'Butler'||Uncredited|
|1961||The Honeymoon Machine||Inspector of casino games|
|1962||Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse||Armand Dibier|
|1962||Bon Voyage!||Sewer Guide|
|1963||Take Her, She's Mine||Policeman|
|1963||The Wheeler Dealers||Giuseppe - Maitre d'|
|1964||Wild and Wonderful||Inspector Duvivier|
|1964||What a Way to Go!||French Lawyer||Uncredited|
|1964||McHale's Navy||Chief de Gendarmes|
|1964||Combat!||Jean Sebelleau||Episode: A Rare Vintage|
|1965||The Art of Love||Executioner|
|1965||A Very Special Love||Claude - French Barrister|
|1966||Made in Paris||Attendant|
|1966||Murderers' Row||Police Capt. Deveraux|
|1967||Monkeys, Go Home!||Mayor Gaston Lou|
|1969||Take the Money and Run||Fritz - Director|
|1978||Evening in Byzantium||Inspector Le Dioux|
- Martin, Russell (October 9, 2009). Beethoven's Hair: An Extraordinary Historical Odyssey and a Scientific Mystery Solved. Broadway Books. pp. 23–28. ISBN 978-0-7679-0351-6.
- Martin, Russell (October 9, 2009). Beethoven's Hair: An Extraordinary Historical Odyssey and a Scientific Mystery Solved. Broadway Books. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-7679-0351-6.
- Martin, Russell (October 9, 2009). Beethoven's Hair: An Extraordinary Historical Odyssey and a Scientific Mystery Solved. Broadway Books. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-7679-0351-6.
- Ken Eisner (June 8, 2005). "Beethoven's Hair.(Movie Review)". Variety. Archived from the original on September 21, 2014.
Because the Hillers were partially Jewish, Paul's family had to flee the Nazis. (One of the singer's sons became the successful French actor Marcel Hillaire.)
- Martin Walker (December 31, 2000). "This Beethoven saga missing many notes". The Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on September 21, 2014.
the last of the Hillers had been living in Los Angeles and working as a character actor in Hollywood (with parts in "Mission: Impossible" and Woody Allen's "Take the Money and Run") under the new name of Marcel Hillaire. His life is another missed epic: Marcel survived the Hitler years by working as an itinerant actor under the name Harry Fuerster, but was sacked and denounced after sleeping with the manager's wife, and finally spared because, when the Red Army captured Berlin, he was in prison on a charge of statutory rape.(HighBeam subscription required)
- Martin, Russell (October 9, 2009). Beethoven's Hair: An Extraordinary Historical Odyssey and a Scientific Mystery Solved. Broadway Books. pp. 261–264. ISBN 978-0-7679-0351-6.
- "French '1-Man Theater' Slated to Present Variety Act at ASC". Arizona Republic. Phoenix, AZ. February 18, 1961. p. 12. Retrieved 26 October 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
- Horton, Robert (2001). Billy Wilder: Interviews. University Press of Mississippi. p. xxix.
- "Marcel Hillaire, French Actor, At College Today". The Terre Haute Star. Terre Haute, IN. August 6, 1958. p. 14. Retrieved 26 October 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
- "'Smile of France' Scheduled by CBC". Tri-City Herald. Pasco, Washington. April 14, 1960. p. 2. Retrieved 26 October 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Marcel Hillaire's "Smile of France" to Appear at ISTC". The Indiana Gazette. Indiana, Pennsylvania. October 19, 1959. p. 11. Retrieved 26 October 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
- "French Actor to Present Series Program Monday". The Lumberjack. Northern Arizona University, Associated Students. February 16, 1961. p. 1. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "The smile of France [sound recording] : reading in French and English in the Coolidge Auditorium, Feb. 10, 1958". ArchiveGrid. Library of Congress: Online Computer Library Center, Inc. 2011. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "The smile of France : reading in French and English in the Coolidge Auditorium, Feb. 10, 1958". OCLC World Cat. Library of Congress. 1958. Retrieved 29 October 2014.