Marblehead harbor viewed from the lighthouse
|Coordinates: 42°30′00″N 70°51′30″W|
|• Type||Open town meeting|
|• Total||19.6 sq mi (50.7 km2)|
|• Land||4.4 sq mi (11.4 km2)|
|• Water||15.2 sq mi (39.4 km2)|
|Elevation||65 ft (20 m)|
|• Density||4,501.8/sq mi (1,738.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|Area code(s)||339 / 781|
|GNIS feature ID||0618300|
It is home to the Marblehead Light, Fort Sewall, Little Harbor, Marblehead Neck Audubon Wildlife Sanctuary, Crocker Park, and Devereux Beach. Archibald Willard's famous painting The Spirit of '76 currently resides in Abbot Hall.
A town with roots in commercial fishing and yachting, Marblehead was a major shipyard and is often referred to as the birthplace of the American Navy, a title sometimes disputed with nearby Beverly. Marblehead was once the fishing capital of Massachusetts. It is also the origin of Marine Corps Aviation. Three US Navy ships have been named USS Marblehead. A center of recreational boating, it is a popular sailing, kayaking and fishing destination. Several yacht clubs were established here in the late 19th century, which continue to be centers of sailing. The four major yacht clubs are Boston Yacht Club, Corinthian Yacht Club, Eastern Yacht Club, and Pleon Yacht Club (the junior-only yacht club which is associated with Eastern Yacht Club). Two other smaller yacht clubs are Marblehead Yacht Club and Dolphin Yacht Club.
Originally called Massebequash after the river which ran between it and Salem, the land was inhabited by the Naumkeag tribe of the Pawtucket confederation under the overall sachem Nanepashemet. But epidemics in 1615–1619 and 1633, believed to be smallpox, devastated the tribe. On September 16, 1684, heirs of Nanepashemet sold their 3,700 acres (15 km2); the deed is preserved today at Abbot Hall in the town.
Marblehead's first European settler was Joseph Doliber in 1629, who set up on the shore near what is now the end of Bradlee Road. Three years earlier, Isaac Allerton, a Pilgrim from the Mayflower, had arrived in the area and established a fishing village at Marblehead Little Harbor. In May 1635, the General Court of Massachusetts Bay established the town of Marblehead on land that belonged to Salem. Marblehead residents, who never saw eye-to-eye with their more devout and conservative neighbors, were delighted, but less than a year later, the lawmakers reversed themselves. Marblehead finally became independent of Salem in 1649.
At times called "Marvell Head", "Marble Harbour" (by Captain John Smith) and "Foy" (by immigrants from Fowey, Cornwall), the town would be named "Marblehead" by settlers who mistook its granite ledges for marble. It began as a fishing village with narrow crooked streets, and developed inland from the harbor. The shoreline smelled of drying fish, typically cod. These were exported abroad and to Salem.
The town peaked economically just before the American Revolution, as locally financed privateering vessels sought bounty from large European ships. Much early architecture survives from the era, including the Jeremiah Lee Mansion.
A large percentage of residents became involved early in the Revolutionary War, and the sailors of Marblehead are generally recognized by scholars as forerunners of the United States Navy. The first vessel commissioned for the navy, Hannah, was equipped with cannons, rope, provision (including the indigenous molasses/sea water cookie known as "Joe Frogger" )—and a crew from Marblehead. With their nautical backgrounds, soldiers from Marblehead under General John Glover were instrumental in the escape of the Continental Army after the Battle of Long Island. Marblehead men ferried George Washington across the Delaware River for his attack on Trenton. Many who set out for war, however, did not return, leaving the town with 459 widows and 865 orphaned children in a population of less than 5,000.
When George Washington visited the town during his presidential tour of 1789, he knew the sailors of Marblehead well; they had served him honorably in the war. He observed that the town "had the appearance of antiquity."
At the beginning of the 19th century, wealthier citizens wanted a new bank to finance vessels, and to serve the town's fishermen and merchants. On March 17, 1831, with a capital of $100,000, they founded the Grand Bank. The name was changed to National Grand Bank on October 3, 1864.
After the Revolution, fishing continued as a major industry. The town's fishermen had 98 vessels (95 of which exceeded 50 tons) putting to sea in 1837, where they often harvested fish off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland. However, a gale or hurricane in that area on September 19, 1846, sank 11 vessels and damaged others. With 65 men and boys lost in the storm, the town's fishing industry began a decline. The storm is depicted in Fireboard: The Great Gale of 1846, c. 1850 by William Thompson Bartoll. A copy of the book is held by the Peabody Essex Museum.
During the late 19th century, Marblehead had a short-term industrial boom from shoe-making factories. At the same time, the exceptional harbor attracted yachting by wealthy boat owners, and some yacht clubs established centers there. It would become home to the Boston Yacht Club, Corinthian Yacht Club, Eastern Yacht Club, Marblehead Yacht Club, Dolphin Yacht Club, and the oldest junior yacht club in America, the Pleon Yacht Club.
Geography and transportation
Marblehead is located at 42°29′49″N 70°51′47″W (42.497146, −70.863236). According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.6 square miles (50.7 km2), of which 4.4 square miles (11.4 km2) is land and 15.2 square miles (39.4 km2), or 77.61%, is water.
Marblehead is situated on the North Shore of Massachusetts along Massachusetts Bay and Salem Harbor. The town consists of a rocky peninsula that extends into the bay, with an additional neck to the east connected by a long sandbar. This ring of land defines Marblehead's deep, sheltered harbor. Marblehead Neck is home to a bird sanctuary, as well as Castle Rock and Chandler Hovey Park at its northern tip, where Marblehead Light is located. The town was once home to three forts, Fort Miller at Naugus Head along Salem Harbor, Fort Washington (Fort Bailey) at present day Fountain Park, and Fort Sewall, at the west edge of the mouth of Marblehead Harbor. The town land also includes several small islands in Massachusetts Bay and Dolliber Cove, the area between Peaches Point and Fort Sewall. The town is partially divided from Salem by the Forest River, and is also home to several small ponds. Keeping with the town's location, there are four beaches (one in Dolliber Cove, one in Marblehead Harbor, and two along the southern shore of town), as well as six yacht clubs, one public kayaking center and several boat ramps.
Besides Marblehead Neck, there are three other villages within town, Old Town to the southeast and Clifton to the southwest. Given its small area, most of the residential land in town is thickly settled. Marblehead's town center is located approximately 4 miles (6 km) from the center of Salem, 16 miles (26 km) northeast of Boston and 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Cape Ann. It is bordered by Swampscott to the south and Salem to the northwest. (As Salem's water rights extend into Massachusetts Bay, there is no connection between Marblehead and the city of Beverly across Beverly Harbor.)
Marblehead is home to the eastern termini of Massachusetts Route 114 and Route 129, which both terminate at the intersection of Atlantic and Ocean avenues. Route 114 heads west into Salem, while Route 129 heads south along Atlantic Avenue into Swampscott towards Lynn. There are no freeways within town, with the nearest access being to Massachusetts Route 128 in Peabody and Beverly.
Two MBTA Bus routes – the 441 and 442 – originate in town regularly with service to Boston, with weekend service to Wonderland in Revere. The Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail passes through neighboring Swampscott and Salem, with service between the North Shore and Boston's North Station. The nearest air service is located at Beverly Municipal Airport, with the nearest national and international service at Boston's Logan International Airport. Seasonal ferry service to Boston can also be found in Salem.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2010, there were 19,808 people, 8,838 households, and 5,467 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,373 people per square mile (help/km²). There were 8,906 housing units at an average density of 1,966.3 per square mile (759.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.6% White, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, >0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.
There were 8,541 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.
According to a 2009 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $97,441, and the median income for a family was $129,968. Males had a median income of $70,470 versus $44,988 for females. The per capita income for the town was $46,738. About 3.2% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
Marblehead Public Schools oversees eight schools: the Bell, Coffin, Eveleth, Gerry, and Glover elementary schools; the Village School (grades 4–6); Marblehead Veterans Middle School; and Marblehead High School. The town is also home to the Marblehead Community Charter Public School, the first Commonwealth charter school to open in Massachusetts. In 2018, Marblehead School Committee announced that Gerry School will be permanently closing.
Points of interest
- Castle Rock Park
- Crocker Park, the gift of Uriel Crocker
- Crowninshield (Brown's) Island
- The Driftwood
- Herreshoff Castle
- The Landing, public town dock on Front Street
- Marblehead Historic District
- Marblehead Light, Chandler Hovey Park
- Marblehead Neck Wildlife Sanctuary
- Old Burial Hill
- Pleon Yacht Club, the oldest junior yacht club in the United States
- Little Harbor Boathouse, the public kayaking outfitter on Little Harbor
- Fort Sewall
In the 75 years from the American Revolution to the middle of the nineteenth century, Marblehead experienced a golden age of fishing. For the next 50 years, the industry struggled, but from 1900 until the end of the twentieth century, one small anchorage made itself proud. From boat building to sail design, Little Harbor, also known as First Harbor, produced creative men whose innovations helped shape marine history. Marblehead's First Harbor: The Rich History of a Small Fishing Port, written by Hugh Peabody Bishop and Brenda Bishop Booma tells the story through the eyes of a Marblehead fisherman. Today, the waters of Little Harbor, protected by Trustees of Reservations-owned Crowninshield Island and Priest Island, provide a mecca for human-powered water sports, kayaking and kayak fishing. Little Harbor is located in Old Town, surrounded by Fort Sewell, Burial Hill and Peaches Point.
Devereux Beach is located on Ocean Avenue just before the causeway; Marblehead's most popular beach offers more than five acres of sand, public picnic tables and a playground. It is a popular spot to observe fireworks on Fourth of July. Lifeguards are on duty once the beach opens for summer in late June. During summer months, non-residents must pay $5–$10 to park between 8 am and 4 pm. Marblehead residents must have a facility sticker or they will be charged the non-resident rate. Two pavilions with grills are available for rental during the non-winter months. Open beach fires during summer months (May - September) are not allowed.
Historical sites and museums
- Abbot Hall (1877), containing The Spirit of '76 by Archibald MacNeal Willard, & Maritime Exhibit
- Fort Sewall (1644)
- Old Burial Hill (1638)
- Marblehead Museum
- G.A.R. & Civil War Museum
- General John Glover House
- Jeremiah Lee Mansion (1768)
- King Hooper Mansion (1728), now home to the Marblehead Arts Association.
- Old Powder House (1755)
- Ambrose Gale House (1663)
- Simon Bradstreet House (1723)
- St. Michael's Church (1714)
- William L. Hammond Park (formally recognized as the birthplace of Marine Corps Aviation, 1977)
Politicians & Military
- Elbridge Gerry, 5th Vice President of the United States
- John Glover, Revolutionary War general
- Joseph Story, Supreme Court justice
- Samuel Sewall, Congressman, great uncle to Louisia May Alcott
- David D. McKiernan, retired United States Army four-star general.
- Seth Moulton, Former Marine Corps officer and a Democratic Congressman
- Shalane Flanagan, New York City Marathon winner 2017, American record-holding distance runner and silver medalist(adjusted from bronze) in the 10,000M at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing
- Ted Hood, yachtsman, America's Cup winner
- Kayla Harrison, mixed martial artist, won the 2010 World Championships, gold medals at the 2012 and 2016 Olympics
- Cory Schneider, New Jersey Devils goaltender
- Maureen McKinnon-Tucker, Gold Medalist Sailing 2008 Summer Paralympics
- Shawn McEachern, Stanley Cup winner
- Gerald Burton "JB" Braun Jr., yachtsman, Olympic and America's Cup sail designer
- Sheldon Brown, bicycle mechanic and author of books on cycling
- Judson "Jud" Smith, yachtsman, 2006 Rolex Yachtsman of the Year, America's Cup, winner- multiple World Championships
- Tyler Hamilton, cyclist
Architects & Yacht Designers
- William Starling Burgess, yacht designer and aircraft manufacturer
- L. Francis Herroshoff, yacht designer
Businessmen & Entrepreneurs
- Uriel Crocker, publisher, businessman
- James J.H. Gregory, horticulturalists, known as the "Seed King". Also founded charitable traveling library extension service "Marblehead Libraries" for southern African Americans.
- Peter Lynch, investor, author
- Lydia Pinkham Gove: granddaughter of entrepreneur Lydia Pinkham, built mansion Carcassonne on Marblehead Neck with commendation from President Roosevelt, she first woman to fly in plane across the United States.
Writers & Journalist
- Ada Louise Huxtable, architecture critic, lived in Marblehead seasonally for over 30 years
- Tasha Tudor: Caldecott honored children's author and illustrator, daughter of William Starling Burgess, great-grand daughter of Frederic Tudor.
- Martha Hooper Blackler Kalopothakes (1830–1871), missionary, journalist, translator
- Ruth Edna Kelley, author
- Harry Kemelman, novelist
- Caroline Atherton Mason, poet
- Julia Glass, novelist
- Katherine Howe, novelist
- Eugene O'Neill, playwright and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature 1936
- Amy Siskind, activist and author
- Eugene O'Neill, playwright and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature 1936
- Susan Estrich, lawyer, professor, author, political operative
Arts & Entertainment
- Estelle Parsons, actress, Academy Award winner for Actress in a Supporting Role – Bonnie and Clyde (1967)
- Rob Delaney, comedian and "funniest person on Twitter"
- Keith Ablow, psychiatrist, writer, host and executive producer of The Dr. Keith Ablow Show
- Frank Black, musician and member of the alternative rock band Pixies
- Loyd Grossman, UK television host
- Pete Muller, National Geographic photographer
- Dave Mattacks, English-born rock and folk drummer and session musician; former member of Fairport Convention and guest percussionist for Jethro Tull
- Rhod Sharp, BBC Radio presenter of Up All Night
- Jamie Walters, actor, musician and star of 90210
Politicians & Royalty
- President George Washington: 1789, George Washington part of his ten-day presidential visit to Massachusetts
- Marquis de Lafayette: 1784, after Revolutionary War was over, Marquis de Lafayette visited to honor General John Glover and to see his friend Elbridge Gerry. Returned in 1824.
- President Andrew Jackson: 1830s(rumored)
- President Chester Arthur: 1882, U.S. steamer anchored off Marblehead, was "kidnapped" after returning form Salem and brought to Abbott Hall where he was welcomed by Marbleheader's and gave short speech.
- President Coolidge: 1925, visits Marblehead Harbor aboard the presidential yacht “USS Mayflower”
- President Franklin Roosevelt: 1933, for sailing trip in Marblehead
- Prince Olav of Norway: 1939 went sailing in Marblehead while touring United States
- Senator John F. Kennedy: visited "Spirit of 76" painting with wife Jacqueline.
- Mikhail Gorbachev
- Lucille Ball: 1947, arrived at Seaside park via helicopter to perform in summer theater series.
- Marjorie Merriweather Post: 1930s, anchored yacht Sea Cloud off Marblehead Light for race week.
- Walter Cronkite: 1997, for USS Constitution's 200th anniversary
- Tallulah Bankhead
See: Arts, Films section for actors who came for location shooting.
The Town of Marblehead has the unique distinction of having an official town anthem "Marblehead Forever". It is performed at most major town events and commemorations. It was written by Reverend Marcia Martin Selman to the music of the hymn tune "The Lily of the Valley", from a melody by J. R. Murray, "Songs of Rejoicing", 1888.
Movies filmed in Marblehead include:
- The Pride of the Clan starring Mary Pickford (1917) - Castle Rock (park transformed into Scottish village)
- Home Before Dark (1958) - "Lafayette House" (used as primary home for filming)
- Coma (1978)
- The Witches of Eastwick (1986) - Abbott Hall (used for concert scene and reveal of Jack Nicholson's character)
- The Good Son (1993)
- Hocus Pocus (1993) - Old town streets(bike ride scene), Old Burial Hill (daytime cemetery), Crocker Park(Abbott Hall bells ringing), Witches night time flyover
- Autumn Heart (2000)
- Treading Water (2001)
- What's the Worst That Could Happen? (2001)was filmed in Manchester-by-the-Sea, but scenes are set in Marblehead.
- Moonlight Mile (2002)
- Grown Ups (2010)
- The Company Men (2010)
- Grown Ups 2 (2012)
- Hubie Halloween (2019)
Cheers, set in Boston, made three references to the town. Sam mentions sailing to Marblehead in Season 1, Episode 6. Diane mentions Sam having taken her to a bed and breakfast in Marblehead in Season 4, episode 15. Sam says that he will sail to Marblehead for relaxation in Season 5, Episode 1.
Marblehead Manor (1987) was a sitcom about a wealthy Marblehead resident that ran for one season on CBS.
In Sabrina, the Teenage Witch, Aunt Hilda makes reference to Marblehead in the sixth episode of the second season, titled, "Sabrina, the Teenage Boy."
The West Wing Season 4 episode 18 "Privateers" has Mrs. Marion Cotesworth-Haye of Marblehead denouncing the first lady's(Stockard Channing) membership of the Daughters of the Revolution when they learn that her distant relative was more pirate than patriot.
The Handmaid's Tale mentions Marblehead in Season one episode 7 called "The Other Side" on the streaming service Hulu.
Influence on H.P. Lovecraft
Horror and fantasy writer H. P. Lovecraft derived great inspiration from Marblehead. Following his first visit in December 1922, he retroactively reconfigured his fictional Kingsport in its own image. As of 1920, Kingsport was an unspecified location on Rhode Island, only mentioned in passing. The name most probably a slight alteration of Kingstown, R.I. Seven years later, Lovecraft described the 1922 impressions of his first experience of Marblehead:
- "...the most powerful single emotional climax experienced during my nearly forty years of existence. In a flash all the past of New England—all the past of Old England—all the past of Anglo-Saxondom and the Western World—swept over me and identified me with the stupendous totality of all things in such a way as it never did before and never did again. That was the high tide of my life.".
Lovecraft had it that his recurring character of Randolph Carter, popularly considered an idealized version of Lovecraft himself, grew up in Kingsport. He used Kingsport as a setting for his short stories "The Terrible Old Man" (1920, published 1921), "The Festival" (written 1923, published 1925), and "The Strange High House in the Mist" (1926, published 1931). The poignant conclusion to one of his Randolph Carter stories, the fantasy novella The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath (written c.1926, published posthumously in 1943) takes place here.
Work by other writers
- Marblehead by Joan Thompson: The town appears in the eponymous book debuting in 1978.
- The Hearth & Eagle, by Anya Seton, traces the history of Marblehead from early settlement in 1630 to modern times through the story of one family, originally from Cornwall, who eventually ran Marblehead's Hearth & Eagle Inn.
- Agnes Surriage, by Edwin Lassetter Bynner
- The Fountain Inn, by Nathan P. Sanborn
- The Death and Life of Charlie St. Cloud by novelist Ben Sherwood set in Marblehead and features the Waterside Cemetery. A film adaptation was made in 2010.
- General John Glover and His Marblehead Mariners by George Athan Billias (1960)
- The Wizard of Orne Hill and Other Tales of Old Marblehead, by Dorothy Miles
- At the Point of Cutlass by Gregory Flemming, tells the story of Marblehead's "Robinson Curusoe" Philip Ashton based on his memoirs.
- Hidden Silver, by Georgene Faulkner, Relates the story of a Marblehead family during the American Revolution
- Azor of Marblehead Series (1948-1960), by Maude Cowley
- Azor and the Haddock
- Azor and the Blue-eyed Cow
- Tor and Azor
- Pringle and the Lavender Goat
- Remembering James J. H. Gregory: The Seed King, Philanthropist, Man, by Shari Kelley Worrell
- Marblehead from HollyHocks to Hot Top, articles by John D Hill, Morrill S. Reynolds, Phyllis Masters, Percy L. Martin
- Ashton's Memorial: an History of The Strange Adventures of Philip Ashton, Jr. (1725)
- Marblehead's First Harbor: The Rich History of a Small Fishing Port, By Hugh Peabody Bishop & Brenda Bishop Booma
- The Lace Reader by Brunonia Barry
- A Guide to Marblehead, by Samuel Roads Jr. (1881)
- In the Time of Worms: An Ancient Tale of Marblehead, Kenelm Winslow Harris.
- Under the Golden Cod, by 350th Anniversary book Committee, book detailing the history of the congregation of Marblehead Old North Church from 1635-1985.
- Captains Courageous by Rudyard Kipling mentions Marblehead in the story .
- Rabbi Small by Harry Kemelman, wrote about a mysteries place in the fictional town of Barnard's Crossing, a place based on Marblehead. Kemelman lived in Marblehead for 50 years.
- Jesse Stone Novels by Robert B. Parker supposedly based the fictional town of Paradise, in which the novels take place, on Marblehead. Both Paradise and Marblehead are on the coast in Essex County, Cape Ann is visible from them, and each has an annual Race Week yachting event.
Contemporary photographs of Marblehead
- "Marblehead MA – Official Website". Town of Marblehead, Massachusetts. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Marblehead town, Essex County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
- See the History of Marblehead by Virginia Gamage
- "Marblehead Carved Out of Salem".
- "Population of the 24 Urban Places: 1790". United States Bureau of the Census. June 15, 1998. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- Howard, Hugh (2012). Houses of the Founding Fathers: The Men Who Made America and the Way They Lived. San Francisco, CA: Artisan Books. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-57965-510-5.
- "The National Grand Bank: A Brief History". Retrieved March 10, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 24, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Marblehead town, Essex County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
- "Little Harbor Boathouse - Boston North Shore Kayak and Standup Paddle Board (SUP) Rentals and Sales".
- "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
- "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
- "Marblehead Public Schools". Marblehead Public Schools. Retrieved December 3, 2007.
- "Marblehead MA - Official Website - Parks, Playgrounds, Beaches and Trails". Archived from the original on September 18, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- "Marblehead Neck Wildlife Sanctuary".
- "Pleon Yacht Club - About - History".
- "Why can't I have a fire at Devereux Beach". Marblehead.org. Town of Mablehead. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
- "170 Washington Street - Marblehead Museum".
- "Civil War & G.A.R. Museum - Marblehead Museum".
- "GERRY, Elbridge, (1744–1814)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- "By land or by sea, this granite peninsula rocks". northshore. Archived from the original on August 5, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
- "STORY, Joseph, (1779–1845)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- "Shalane Flanagan". USA Track & Field. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- "Cory Schneider". Hockey=Reference.com. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- "US Sailing". USSailing.org. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- "JB Braun | North Sails". North Sails. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "Marblehead sailor named top yachtsman". Soundings Online. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "UPDATE: Marblehead cyclist, Tyler Hamilton, paints grim picture of sport". MarbleheadRporter. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- "Burgess of Marblehead: People, Places and Planes". Marblehead Museum & Historical Society. Archived from the original on August 9, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
- "Crocker Park". Town of Marblehead. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
- "James J. H. Gregory: A Timeline of his life".
- V, Primus (May 1, 2003). "Missing Man". Harvard Magazine. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- The American Annual Cyclopædia and Register of Important Events ...: Embracing Political, Civil, Military, and Social Affairs; Public Documents; Biography, Statistics, Commerce, Finance, Literature, Science, Agriculture, and Mechanical Industry (Public domain ed.). D. Appleton. 1872. pp. 592–.
- "Harry Kemelman, 88, Mystery Novelist, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- Mason, Caroline Atherton Briggs (1891). The Lost Ring: And Other Poems. Houghton, Mifflin. p. x.
- "About the Author". Hyperion. Archived from the original on November 27, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- "Susan Estrich". Debate.org Reference. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
- "Twenty Question Interview: Rob Delaney". divinecaroline. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
- Bedell, Geraldine (June 26, 1993). "INTERVIEW / A taste for the masses: Loyd Grossman: Born in Marblehead, he speaks like he ate the place and critics hate him. But he draws the audiences". The Independent. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
- "Dave Mattacks - Jethro Tull".
- "The BBC, live from Marblehead". Boston Globe. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- director, Pam Peterson/Marblehead Museum. "MARBLEHEAD 101: President Arthur 'kidnapped' in Marblehead". Wicked Local. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- "Marblehead Old Town House 1727" (PDF).
- "Marblehead Official Town Anthem".
- H. P. Lovecraft, Selected Letters Vol. 3, pp. 126–127; cited in Joshi and Schultz, An H. P. Lovecraft Encyclopedia, p. 92.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Marblehead (Massachusetts).|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marblehead, Massachusetts.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1879 American Cyclopædia article Marblehead.|
- Official website
- Historic Marblehead – Audio walking tour
- 1912 Marblehead Atlas.
- 1881 Atlas of Marblehead published by Hopkins.
- 1897 Atlas of Salem, Danvers, Peabody, and Marblehead.
- History and Traditions of Marblehead by Samuel Roads, Published 1880, 390 pages.