Maratha Kranti Morcha

The Maratha Kranti Morcha, loosely translated as "Maratha revolutionary demonstration" in the Marathi language, is a series of silent protests organized by the Maratha community in various cities across India as well as overseas. Other groups, such as religious minorities including Muslims, have also supported the Morcha.[1] The impetus for the rallies is the rape and murder of a 15-year-old girl in Kopardi village, Maharashtra, on 13 July 2016.[2]The protesters have demanded the death sentence for the rapists.[3]

Maratha Kranti Morcha
Native name मराठा क्रांती मोर्चा
Also known asमराठा क्रांती (मूक) मोर्चा
Organised byMaratha Community

The rallies feature no leaders and no slogans. Millions of people from all parts of Maharashtra came together to protest, and initially no harm was done to any public or private property until a few instances of violence were noted in January 2017.[4]

The demand for reservations in educational positions and government jobs has also been a part of these protests. Recently, the Bombay High Court upheld the reservations granted to the Maratha community but also mentioned that the percentage of quotas given wasn't justifiable.[5]A large percentage of Marathis are farmers, and the community has been severely affected by droughts and degraded arable land. Due to the lack of reservations, unemployment has become a major problem in the Maratha community. Some castes within the Maratha community, known as Kunbi, do receive the benefits of reservations provided to the Other Backward Class category; however, most people are allegedly out of benefits. More than 95% of the Maratha are socially and educationally backward.


  • Punishment of culprits in the Kopardi rape and murder case
  • Reservations in educational positions and government jobs
  • Implementation of recommendations of the National Commission on Farmers chaired by Dr. M. S. Swaminathan
  • Amendment of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 to stop its misuse.[6]

Influencing factors

Social media

Social Media has played a key role in the protests; various Facebook groups and pages were created to support the rallies and help groups organize.[7] Many college students, graduates, and IT professionals have been actively managing the protests and providing information using social media.[8]


To counter the Maratha Kranti Morcha, a consolidation of Other Backward Classes (OBC) and Dalits splinter groups have forged an alliance and decided to organize silent morchas across Maharashtra with the aim of defending their reservation quotas and demanding that the reservation norms not be tampered with or that the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 not be amended.[9]


The president of a regional political party, the Republican Party of India (A), and current member of the Rajya Sabha of the Indian parliament, Ramdas Athawale – the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment said that those earning an annual income of up to Rs 600,000 from all castes should be given reservations in jobs and education. He also promised to bring up the issue with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP president Amit Shah.[10]


  • On 7 October 2016, 2 month and 24 days after the rape and murder incident, the Ahmednagar Police filed a charge sheet running into over 350 pages before the Ahmednagar sessions court in which the trio was charged under IPC sections 302 (murder), 376 (rape), and relevant sections of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.[11]
  • On 19 October 2016, 3 months to the incident, the Kopardi rape and murder case trial began in the Ahmednagar sessions court. The special public prosecutor and lawyer Ujjwal Nikam opened the case by describing the charges of criminal conspiracy to commit rape and murder against all three accused.[12]
  • On 18 November 2017, 1 year and 4 months after the incident, the Ahmednagar sessions court convicted the three men on charges of rape, murder, and criminal conspiracy.[13]
  • On 29 November 2017, the Ahmednagar sessions court awarded the death sentence to all three convicts.[14][15]

Silent protests

09 August 2016 -Aurangabad [16] 30 August 2016- Beed [17]

21 September 2016 – Navi Mumbai[18][19]

23 September 2016 – Ahmednagar[20]

25 September 2016 – Pune[21][22]

25 September 2016 – Yavatmal[23]

25 September 2016 – Washim[23]

26 September 2016 – Saint Petersburg[24]

27 September 2016 – Sangli[25][26]

28 September 2016 – Dhule[27]

2 October 2016 – Hyderabad[28]

3 October 2016 – Dubai

9 October 2016 – Tweet Morcha[29]

9 October 2016 – Daman district, India[30]

9 October 2016 – Badlapur[31][32]

15 October 2016 – Kolhapur[33]

16 October 2016 – Thane[34][35]

16 October 2016 – Chiplun[36]

16 October 2016 - New York City[37]

19 October 2016 – Chandrapur[38]

19 October 2016 – Bidar, Karnataka[39]

9 August 2017 – Mumbai[40][41][42]

The Maratha Kranti Morcha carried out its biggest silent protest in the financial capital of India, Mumbai, on 9 August 2017. Around half a million members of the Maratha community from different parts of the state gathered in Mumbai. The protest started from Jijamata Zoo Byculla and culminated at Azad Maidan in Mumbai. Schools, junior colleges, and about 450 institutes in South Mumbai remained shut. Mumbai's famed Dabbawalas took the day off to participate in the morcha.[43]

During this silent protest, leaders from the Maratha community also warned that they would switch to violent tactics after two weeks in case the state authorities chose not to act on their demands.[44]


January 2017

Road blockades (chakka jams) were held on 31 January 2017 to gather momentum and mount pressure on the state government before the community’s silent rally scheduled in Mumbai on 6 March 2017.

31 January 2017 – Mumbai[45] and across Maharashtra[46]

  • Non-fatal injuries : at least 3 citizens[47]
  • Arrests : at least 27[48]

July 2018

On 23 July 2018, a Maratha Kranti Morcha activist committed suicide; the protesters refuse to collect the body and demanded the resignation of Devendra Fadnavis, the Chief Minister of Maharashtra. Kakasaheb Shinde-Patil, aged 28 committed suicide by jumping into the Godavari river during agitations at the village of Kaygaon Toka in the Gangapur taluka of Aurangabad District. The protesters blamed the district administration for not deploying boats and lifeguards despite being forewarned about the agitations.[49]

On 24 July 2018, protests turned violent; protesters attacked police officers and torched buses, police vehicles, and private cars.[50]

25 July 2018 – Mumbai,[51] Navi Mumbai, Panvel, Thane, Kalyan, Palghar, Raigad

  • Self-immolation : 5 protesters[52][53][54][55]
  • Non-fatal injuries : 2 police officers[56]
  • Property damage : 160 private cars in Navi Mumbai,[57] 37 public transport buses in Mumbai,[58] 2 fire brigade vehicles in Aurangabad,[59] 16 vehicles torched, 80 vehicles vandalized in Chakan, Pune,[60][61][62][63][64][65] 16 buses burned in Solapur[66]

August 2018

Maratha groups announced a shutdown across Maharashtra on August Kranti Day 2018 to intensify agitation for reservations. August Kranti Day is celebrated annually on 9 August. The Marathas launched a non-cooperation movement against the Government of Maharashtra and the Government of India. The non-cooperation movement covers non-payment of taxes to government and local bodies until reservations are implemented.[67][68]


After continuously growing protests in each city and millions of people's participation in each Maratha Kranti Morcha, on 13 October 2016 the Government of Maharashtra took the decisions to:[69] and

  • Increase the upper limit of the Economically Backward Class (EBC) to Rs.6,00,000, and announced the extension of monetary benefits under this category to students from all castes (Marathi). Students from the EBC category studying in all professional courses would be eligible for benefits such as fee reimbursement under the Rajshri Shahu Maharaj Scheme (Marathi) (Marathi)(Marathi) (Marathi) (Marathi), which was named after the Maratha king Rajshri Shahu of Kolhapur, who introduced the first reservation policy in the kingdom of Kolhapur State.
  • Create provisions for children of small landholding farmers under the Panjabrao Deshmukh Scheme (Marathi) (Marathi) (Marathi).

As the Bombay high court had stayed the 16% reservation granted to Marathas in government jobs and educational positions on the grounds that the data used by the government was faulty, the Government of Maharashtra on 5 December 2016 filed a 2,800-page affidavit to justify the reservations for Marathas as legal and show that it did not violate constitutional provisions. The affidavit contained documents substantiating the claim that the community is socially and educationally backward.[70]

See also


  1. "Muslim groups support rally". 10 August 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  2. "Girl brutally gangraped, body found in mutilated state". 22 September 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  3. "Silent Storm". 28 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  4. "औरंगाबादेत चक्काजामला हिंसक वळण, आंदोलकांची पोलिसांवर दगडफेक" [Violent turn to Chakkajam in Aurangabad, protestors stabbed at police]. (in Marathi). 31 January 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  5. Madhukalya, Anwesha (27 June 2019). "Maratha reservation: Bombay High Court upholds quota but says 16% not justified". India Today. Business Today. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  6. Reporter, Staff (29 September 2016). "अपंग मुलीवर बलात्कार करून अॅट्रॉसिटीची धमकी". सकाळ (in Marathi). Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  7. Suryawanshi, Sudhir (20 September 2016). "Maratha body eyes social media". DNA-Daily News & Analysis. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  8. "Maratha Kranti Morcha owes its success to social media, not mainstream media". Firstpost. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  9. Khapre, Shubhangi (15 October 2016). "Maratha protests: OBCs, Dalits plan silent morchas to defend quotas". The Indian Express. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  10. Nair, Shalini (31 August 2016). "Upper castes should get 25 per cent quota, will take up with PM Modi: Union Minister Ramdas Athawale". The Indian Express. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  11. India, PTI (7 October 2016). "Police File Charge Sheet in Kopardi Gangrape-Murder Case". Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  12. Reporter, Staff (20 October 2016). "Trial in Kopardi rape and murder case begins". PTI News. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  13. India, Press Trust of (29 November 2017). "Kopardi rape and murder case: 3 convicts get death sentence". Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  14. India, PTI (29 November 2017). "Kopardi rape and murder case: 3 convicts get death sentence". Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  15. India, Staff (29 November 2017). "Kopardi case: Three get death for India teen's rape and murder". Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  16. Maratha kranti morcha, Aurangabad on YouTube
  17. शेळके, गोविंद (8 August 2016). "बीडमध्ये मराठा समाजाचा विराट मोर्चा". ABP माझा (in Marathi). Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  18. Reporter, Staff (21 September 2016). "Marathas bring rally to Mumbai's doorsteps". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  19. Reporter, Staff (22 September 2016). "Marathas bring rally to Mumbai's doorstep". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  20. Banerjee, Shoumojit (24 September 2016). "Marathas stage massive rally in Ahmednagar". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  21. Reporter, Staff (26 September 2016). "Maratha Kranti Morcha holds silent march in Pune". Firstpost. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  22. Deshpande, Alok (25 September 2016). "The monsoon of their discontent". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
  23. Dahat, Pavan (26 September 2016). "Two rallies held in Vidarbha". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  24. Jai Maharashtra News (26 September 2016), Maratha Morcha in Russia, retrieved 15 October 2016
  25. Banerjee, Shoumojit (27 September 2016). "Maratha 'silent march' in Sangli passes peacefully". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  26. Reporter, Staff (28 September 2016). "Maratha 'silent march' in Sangli passes peacefully". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  27. Reporer, Staff (28 September 2016). "Maratha agitation: Community holds silent march in Dhule". Firstpost. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  28. "हैदराबादला मराठा मोर्चा- हजारो उतरले रस्त्यावर". Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  29. Mane, Shrimant (10 October 2016). "मराठा क्रांती मोर्चा असाही...!". सकाळ (in Marathi). Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  30. सोनवणे, अविनाश (9 October 2016). "मराठा मोर्चाचं वादळ आता परराज्यात, दमणमधील मराठी भाषिक रस्त्यावर". ABP माझा (in Marathi). Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  31. Reporter, Staff (10 October 2016). "बदलापूरमध्ये भव्य मराठा मोर्चा". ZEE २४ तास (in Marathi). Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  32. Reporter, Staff (9 October 2016). "बदलापूरात मराठा क्रांती मूक मोर्चाला उदंड प्रतिसाद". EENADU INDIA आपली मराठी (in Marathi). Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  33. Chari, Mridula (16 October 2016). "The rumbling sound of silence: 25 lakh gather for Maratha rally in Kolhapur". Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  34. Reporter, Staff (16 October 2016). "ठाण्यात मराठा सामाज्याचा आक्रोश". आवाज News Line (in Marathi). Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  35. PTI, Reporter (16 October 2016). "Maratha agitation: Silent march in Thane, a prelude to Mumbai's rally". Firstpost. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  36. Reporter, Staff (16 October 2016). "चिपळुणातील मराठा मोर्चाने गर्दीचा उच्चांक". सकाळ (in Marathi). Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  37. "मराठा मूकमोर्चाचं वादळ सातासमुद्रापार, अमेरिकेतही मराठा मोर्चा". ABP Majha. 17 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  38. Reporter, Staff (19 October 2016). "चंद्रपुरात मराठा मूकमोर्चाचा हुंकार". ABP माझा (in Marathi). Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  39. Reporter, Staff (19 October 2016). "कर्नाटकच्या बिदरमध्ये मराठा क्रांती मोर्चाचा एल्गार". ABP माझा (in Marathi). Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  40. Staff, FP (27 May 2017). "Maratha Kranti Morcha to hold 'biggest rally' in Mumbai on 9 August, marking a year of silent protests". Firstpost. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  41. Staff, Reporter (6 August 2017). "Maratha Kranti Morcha will be held on August 9". The Asian Age. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  42. Staff, Reporter (10 August 2017). "Maratha Kranti Morcha". Yahoo News Website. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  43. ServiceStaff, News (27 May 2017). "Today, dabbawalas take a day off". The Indian Express. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  44. More, Manoj (9 August 2017). "Last silent Maratha march today, leaders warn of aggressive stir if CM Devendra Fadnavis fails to act". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  45. Web Desk, FPJ (31 January 2017). "Chakka Jam across Maharashtra call by Maratha group, 2 arrested". The Free Press Journal. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  46. Shaikh, Mohammed Uzair (31 January 2017). "Chakka Jam Across Maharashtra called by Maratha Groups: Statewide protest against Kopardi gangrape case on 31st January". Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  47. केंडे, कृष्णा (31 January 2017). "औरंगाबादेत चक्काजामला हिंसक वळण, आंदोलकांची पोलिसांवर दगडफेक". ABP माझा (in Marathi). Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  48. Web Team, ABP Maza (31 January 2017). "चक्काजाम आंदोलनात कुठे काय घडलं?". ABP माझा (in Marathi). Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  49. Kulkarni, Dhaval (23 July 2018). "Maratha Kranti Morcha activist commits suicide; protestors refuse to take body, demands CM Fadnavis' resignation". DNA. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  50. Reporter, Staff (25 July 2018). "Maharashtra Bandh". The Indian Express. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  51. Reporter, Staff (23 July 2018). "मराठा क्रांती मोर्चाकडून बुधवारी महाराष्ट्र बंदची हाक?". ऑनलाइन लोकमत (in Marathi). Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  52. Reporter, Staff (25 July 2018). "Maratha Protest: आणखी एका आंदोलकाचा मृत्यू". महाराष्ट्र टाइम्स (in Marathi). Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  53. Majumder, Soumyajit (30 July 2018). "Man Commits Suicide Over Quota Demand". NDTV. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  54. Reporter, Staff (30 July 2018). "Pramod Jaising Hore committed suicide". ZEE News. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  55. Reporter, Staff (30 July 2018). "मराठा आरक्षण : प्रमोद पाटील". लोकसत्ता (in Marathi). Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  56. "चाकणमधील स्थिती". महाराष्ट्र टाइम्स (in Marathi). 30 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  57. Panigrahi, Debasish (27 July 2018). "Protesters damage 160 private vehicles". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  58. Reporter, Staff (26 July 2018). "Mumbai Bandh". Mid-Day. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  59. Reporter, Staff (24 July 2018). "2 fire brigade vehicles torched". DNA. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  60. Reporter, Staff (30 July 2018). "16 vehicles torched". ZEE News. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  61. Reporter, Staff (30 July 2018). "बसेसची जाळपोळ". महाराष्ट्र टाइम्स (in Marathi). Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  62. Reporter, Staff (30 July 2018). "चाकणमधील स्थिती". महाराष्ट्र टाइम्स (in Marathi). Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  63. Reporter, Staff (30 July 2018). "मराठा आरक्षण आंदोलनाने चाकण पेटले". महाराष्ट्र टाइम्स (in Marathi). Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  64. Reporter, Staff (30 July 2018). "मराठा आंदोलनाला हिंसक वळण". महाराष्ट्र टाइम्स (in Marathi). Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  65. Reporter, Staff (30 July 2018). "आंदोलकांनी अनेक एसटी गाड्यांसह पीएमपीच्या बसेसची जाळपोळ करीत पुणे-नाशिक महामार्ग रोखून धरला". लोकसत्ता (in Marathi). Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  66. Reporter, Staff (30 July 2018). "सोलापूरात पोलीस उपायुक्तांची गाडी फोडली". लोकसत्ता (in Marathi). Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  67. Kulkarni, Dhaval (29 July 2018). "Maratha Kranti Morcha: Now, Maratha protestors to boycott paying taxes". DNA. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  68. Reporter, Staff (30 July 2018). "मुख्यमंत्र्यांची विनंती परळीतील आंदोलकांनी फेटाळली". लोकसत्ता (in Marathi). Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  69. Jog, Sanjay (14 October 2016). "Maharashtra extends educational subsidies for poor across castes". Business Standard. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  70. Deshpande, Swati (6 December 2016). "Maharashtra files 2,800-page affidavit to justify Maratha reservation". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.