Manuk River

Manuk River (Indonesian: Ci Manuk, means: Bird River in Sundanese) is a river in West Java, Indonesia, about 170 km east of the capital Jakarta.[1][2]

Ci Manuk
Sungai Cimanuk, Cimanuk, Tji Manuk, Tji Manoek, Tjimanuk, Tjimanoek
Location of river mouth
Manuk River (Indonesia)
ProvinceWest Java
Physical characteristics
  locationGarut Regency, West Java
Indramayu Regency, West Java
Length180 km (110 mi)
Basin size3.584 km2 (1.384 sq mi)


The whole parts of this river is located within West Java province. The river runs from south to the north and drained to Java Sea near the town of Indramayu. There are two river mouths: Cimanuk Lawas ("Old Cimanuk"; 6.24473°S 108.34502°E / -6.24473; 108.34502) and Cimanuk Anyar ("New Cimanuk"; 6.228611°S 108.175°E / -6.228611; 108.175).[3]

Floods caused by the overflow of the river Cimanuk, in this Garut Regency hit on 21 September 2016, which damage at least 7 districts. some people lost, injured and even lost hundreds of homes.[4]


The river flows in the western area of Java with predominantly tropical monsoon climate (designated as Am in the Köppen-Geiger climate classification).[5] The annual average temperature in the area is 25 °C. The warmest month is October, when the average temperature is around 28 °C, and the coldest is February, at 21 °C.[6] The average annual rainfall is 2465 mm. The wettest month is January, with an average of 461 mm rainfall, and the driest is September, with 6 mm rainfall.[7]

See also


  1. Rand McNally, The New International Atlas, 1993.
  2. Ci Manuk at (cc-by); Last updated 2013-06-04; Database dump downloaded 2015-11-27
  3. Cimanuk Lawas - Cimanuk Anyar is to the left, flowing to the northwest direction.
  4. Pengungsi akibat Banjir Bandang di Garut Mencapai 1.000 Orang Kristian Erdianto. - 21 Sep 2016.
  5. Peel, M C; Finlayson, B L; McMahon, T A (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  6. "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. 30 January 2016.
  7. "NASA Earth Observations: Rainfall (1 month - TRMM)". NASA/Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission. 30 January 2016.
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