Mannlicher M1890 Carbine

   Not to be confused with Mannlicher M1890 Rifle.

Repeating Carbine Model 1890
Model 1890 Cavalry Carbine. From the collections of the Swedish Army Museum.
TypeBolt action rifle
Place of originAustria-Hungary
Service history
In service1890–1918 (Austria-Hungary)
Used byAustria-Hungary
Kingdom of Bulgaria[1]
Emirate of Afghanistan[2]
Kingdom of Hungary
First Austrian Republic
Kingdom of Hungary
WarsBalkan Wars, World War I
Production history
DesignerFerdinand Mannlicher
ManufacturerÖsterreichische Waffenfabriksgesellschaft
No. built115,218
VariantsCavalry Carbine, Gendarmerie Carbine and Navy Short Rifle
Mass3.3 kilograms (7.3 lb)
Length1,005 millimetres (39.6 in)
Barrel length498 millimetres (19.6 in)

CartridgeM90: 8×50mmR[3]
M90/24:8×57mm IS
M90/30, M90/31: 8×56mmR
ActionStraight-pull bolt action
Muzzle velocity620 m/s (2,034 ft/s) with M1893 ball cartridge[4]
Feed system5-round en bloc clip, integral box magazine
SightsIron sights

The Repeating Carbine Model 1890 a.k.a. Mannlicher Model 1890 Carbine is a bolt-action rifle, designed by Ferdinand Mannlicher that used a new version of his straight-pull action bolt.[5] It was introduced as an alternative to the Mannlicher M1888 as it was shorter and easier to maneuver with. Three main versions were introduced: Cavalry Carbine, Gendarmerie Carbine[3] and Navy Short Rifle.


Cavalry Carbine

This variant was used by the Austro-Hungarian cavalry. A stacking rod, handguard and bayonet lug are absent.


This variant features sling swivels on the underside, a stacking rod and bayonet lugs. It was used by the Austro-Hungarian Navy.

Gendarmerie carbine

The Austro-Hungarian Gendarmarie was also in need of a carbine. It adopted a version which featured a bayonet lug but no stacking rod.


M90/30 was a conversion of these rifles in First Austrian Republic. They carry the letter S stamped on the barrel.[6]

M90/31 was a conversion of these rifles in Kingdom of Hungary. They carry the letter H stamped on the barrel.[7]

Afghan Contract

A small number of these carbines made for the Afghan Contract were ordered by Abdur Rahman Khan for the Emirate of Afghanistan.[2]


  1. Philip Jowett (20 March 2012). Armies of the Balkan Wars 1912–13: The priming charge for the Great War. Osprey Publishing. pp. 43–. ISBN 978-1-78096-528-4.
  3. Walter, John (1998). Rifles of the World. 700 E. State Street Iola, WI 54990: Krause Publications. p. 265. ISBN 0-89689-241-7.
  4. Deutsche militärärztliche Zeitschrift: Vierteljährliche Mittellungen aus dem Gebiet des Militär-Sanitäts- und Versorgungswesens. ... . I.-49. Jahrgang. [1872–1920.]. E. S. Mittler & Sohn. 1894. pp. 72–.
  5. Impact of Science on Society. 26–27. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 1976. p. 64.

Further reading

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.