Manitoulin District

Manitoulin District is a district in Northeastern Ontario within the Canadian province of Ontario. It was created in 1888 from part of the Algoma District. The district seat is in Gore Bay.

Manitoulin District
Location of Manitoulin District within Ontario
Coordinates: 45°46′N 82°12′W
RegionNortheastern Ontario
  MPCarol Hughes
  MPPMichael Mantha
  Land3,107.12 km2 (1,199.67 sq mi)
  Density4.3/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code span
Area code(s)705
SeatGore Bay

It comprises Manitoulin Island primarily, as well as a number of smaller islands surrounding it, such as Barrie, Cockburn, and Great La Cloche islands. Previously it included the municipality of Killarney on the mainland, until this was transferred to Sudbury District in the late 1990s. Subsequently, more mainland portions were added to Killarney and these, together with Unorganized Mainland Manitoulin District, were also transferred to Sudbury District in 2006, about 1,600 square kilometres (600 sq mi) in all.[2]


The district has an area of 3,107.13 square kilometres (1,199.67 sq mi),[1] making it the smallest district in Ontario. It is located in the northern part of Lake Huron, separated from the mainland by the North Channel to the north and by the Georgian Bay to the east.

Islands included within the district are:[3]

  • Barrie Island
  • Bedford Island
  • Burnt Islands (Big and Northwest)
  • Clapperton Island
  • Club Island
  • Cockburn Island
  • Duck Islands (Great, Middle, Outer, and Western)
  • East Rous Island
  • Fitzwilliam Island
  • Goat Island
  • Great La Cloche Island
  • Greene Island
  • Henry Island
  • Heywood Island
  • Manitoulin Island
  • Rabbit Island
  • Strawberry Island
  • Thibault Island
  • Vidal Island
  • Wall Island
  • Yeo Island



Name of Town Population Ref.
Gore Bay 867
Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands 2,706


Name of Township Population Ref.
Assiginack 1,014
Billings 603
Burpee and Mills 343
Central Manitoulin 2,084
Cockburn Island 0
Gordon/Barrie Island 490
Tehkummah 436

Unorganized areas

Name of Area Population Ref.
Manitoulin, Unorganized, Mainland (dissolved in 2006) 5
Manitoulin, Unorganized, West Part, includes Local services boards: 168

First Nations reserves

Name of Reserve Population Ref.
M'Chigeeng (West Bay) 939
Sheguiandah 154
Sheshegwaning 118
Sucker Creek 365
Whitefish River 487
Wikwemikong 2,592
Zhiibaahaasing (Cockburn Island) 55



Canada census – Manitoulin District community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 13,255 (1.6% from 2011) 13,048 (3.3% from 2006) 13,090 (3.2% from 2001)
Land area: 3,107.11 km2 (1,199.66 sq mi) 4,759.74 km2 (1,837.75 sq mi)
Population density: 4.2/km2 (11/sq mi) 2.8/km2 (7.3/sq mi)
Median age: 46.6 (M: 46.2, F: 47.1) 44.1 (M: 43.8, F: 44.4)
Total private dwellings: 9,537 9281 9455
Median household income:
Notes: 2006 population adjusted for 2011 boundaries is 12,632. – References: 2016[4] 2011[1] 2006[5] earlier[6]


Like the other districts of Northern Ontario, the Manitoulin District does not have a county or regional municipality tier of government. All services in the district are provided either by the individual municipalities or directly by the provincial government. Services are provided jointly with the Sudbury District from its district seat in Espanola.


King's Highways

Secondary Highways

See also


  1. "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
  2. "Annual changes to census subdivision codes, names and types, between 2006 and 2011, by province and territory, and by year". Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2011. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-22.
  3. Geomatics Office, Ministry of Transportation (2008). Ontario, Canada, 2008/2009 official road map (2008-2009 ed.). St. Catherines, Ont.: Geomatics Office. ISBN 9781424955435.
  4. "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017.
  5. "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
  6. "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
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