Mammoth Cave (Western Australia)

Mammoth Cave is a large limestone cave 21 km (13 mi) south of the town of Margaret River in south-western Western Australia, and about 300 km (190 mi) south of Perth. It lies within the Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park and is surrounded by Karri and Marri forest. It has also had extinct animal fossils found in Mammoth Cave.

Mammoth Cave
Interior of Mammoth Cave
LocationMargaret River, Western Australia
Coordinates34°03′29″S 115°01′50″E
Depth30 m (98 ft)
Length500 m (1,600 ft)
Discovery1850[1] (European)
GeologyKarst cave
AccessSelf-guided audio tours
Registry6WI-38[2]

Exploration

The cave is 500 m (1,600 ft) long and 30 m (98 ft) deep. It has been known from about 1850 to European settlers of the Margaret River district, but it was not explored until 1895.[1] Its first explorer Tim Connelly, who was appointed caretaker of the cave, conducted tours by lamplight until 1904 when electric lighting was installed.

Fossils

The cave has been studied for over a century.[3] It has yielded fossils of Pleistocene fauna over 35,000 years old, including those of thylacines and the giant marsupial herbivore Zygomaturus.

Notes

  1. Jochen Duckeck (2011). "Mammoth Cave". Show Caves of the World. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  2. "Australian Karst Index Database". Australian Speleological Federation. 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  3. "Western Australia". The Capricornian. Rockhampton, Qld: National Library of Australia. 13 March 1909. p. 23. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
  • "Mammoth Cave". Margaret River Wine Region. Margaret River Visitor Centre. Retrieved 11 March 2011.


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