Malhama Tactical

Malhama Tactical is a private military contractor operating in the Syrian Civil War.[2] The group, founded by a pseudonymous Uzbeki jihadist called Abu Rofiq,[2] is closely allied with Jabhat Fateh al-Sham and its successor group Tahrir al-Sham.[3] Its around dozen members occasionally participate in combat and run guns, but primarily provide training.[2] The company is known to have worked with Ahrar al-Sham and the Turkistan Islamic Party.[2] Its leader Abu Rofiq was killed in an airstrike on 7 February 2017,[4] though his death has been questioned.[5]

Malhama Tactical
IndustryPrivate military company
FoundedIdlib Governorate, Syria, 2013
FoundersAbu Rofiq (Abu Salman)
Area served
Key people
Abu Salman Belarus Abu Rofiq Ali al-Shishani
ProductsMilitary training, logistics, close quarter training, improvised weapon manufacturing[1]
ServicesMilitary consultation and training
Number of employees


The company was founded in 2015 and came to prominence in early 2017.[3] However, according to the Twitter account of the current leader of Malhama Tactical, Abu Salman Belarus, the group has been active since 2013 in what he has described as "emergency aid on the battlefield."[7] They have been noted for their prolific and successful use of social media to advertise their services.[3] Malhama Tactical is active in the Idlib-Aleppo region[3] and participated in the successful attack on Ramouseh Artillery Base.[8] Fighters are noted to be considerably better trained than other Syrian fighters, although not as good as Western soldiers, and to be very well equipped.[9] They are well trained in medical care, which allows them to reduce their casualties.[10]

In May and July 2017, Malhama Tactical conducted raids against government forces in the western Aleppo Governorate alongside Ajnad al-Kavkaz.[11] In November 2018, Malhama Tactical together with Tahrir al-Sham.[3] conducted night raid on SyAA & Russian base, in which reportedly 25 soldiers were kiled, 7 of which were Russians.[12] On 15 August 2019. Abu Salman (Abu Rofiq) was reportedly killed during fighting with Syrian Arab Army.[3][13] After death of Abu Salman (Abu Rofiq) new leader of Malhama Tactical became Ali Al-Shishani.[14]


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