Malaya (film)

Malaya is a 1949 war film set in colonial Malaya during World War II which stars Spencer Tracy and James Stewart. It was directed by Richard Thorpe. The supporting cast includes Lionel Barrymore, Sydney Greenstreet, John Hodiak and DeForest Kelley.

Theatrical release poster
Directed byRichard Thorpe
Produced byEdwin H. Knopf
Written byManchester Boddy (story)
Frank Fenton
StarringSpencer Tracy
James Stewart
Valentina Cortese
Music byBronislau Kaper
CinematographyGeorge J. Folsey
Edited byBen Lewis
Distributed byMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release date
  • December 27, 1949 (1949-12-27)
Running time
98 minutes
CountryUnited States
Box office$3,087,000[1]


In January 1942, the month after the United States entered World War II, reporter John Royer (James Stewart) returns to the United States. He goes to see his friend, newspaper publisher John Manchester (Lionel Barrymore), about a scheme to smuggle desperately needed rubber out of Japanese-occupied Malaya. Manchester, though he has been selected by the government to deal with the rubber shortage, does not seem interested, but later, government agent Kellar (John Hodiak) takes him to a meeting with Manchester and others. They give their approval.

Royer needs the help of his old friend, Carnaghan (Spencer Tracy); he gets Carnaghan released from Alcatraz (where Royer's newspaper exposé had landed him) to help. They slip into Malaya and contact Carnaghan's associate, the Dutchman (Sydney Greenstreet), who conveniently recruits a gang of cutthroats for them from customers in his saloon, including Romano (Gilbert Roland). Carnaghan also renews his acquaintance with the saloon's singer, Luana (Valentina Cortese) from Italy.

Using money and intimidation, they succeed in purchasing all the available rubber, but eventually the Japanese commander, Colonel Tomura (Richard Loo), gets wind of the scheme. On the last trip to transport the remaining rubber belonging to part-German plantation owner Bruno Gerber (Roland Winters) to a waiting freighter, Carnaghan smells an ambush. He forces Gerber to confess that he tipped off Tomura. Royer decides to try going around the ambush, but is killed by the waiting soldiers.

Tomura hints to the Dutchman that he would be willing to look the other way and let the rubber go in return for gold. Despite the Dutchman's certainty that Tomura is lying, the cynical Carnaghan takes him up on his offer. The Dutchman is right; Carnaghan is captured by Tomura. He takes Tomura to where the freighter lies hidden, but when a Japanese warship arrives, it is met by two PT boats, which proceed to sink it with torpedoes. Carnaghan shoots first the soldiers guarding him, then Tomura, but is himself wounded.

When Malaya is liberated by the Allies, Kellar tracks Carnaghan down to an island, where he has settled down with Luana, to give him a medal. Carnaghan refuses the medal, and tells Kellar to give the medal to the Dutchman.



The film was based on Manchester Boddy's plan to get rubber out of Japanese-held Malaya after a fire destroyed large part of the US government's supply of raw rubber at the Firestone Tire & Rubber Company's plant in Fall River, Massachusetts. The character John Manchester, portrayed by Lionel Barrymore, was based on Boddy.[2]

The film was originally developed by Dore Schary for RKO under the title Operation Malaya. Howard Hughes rejected both Operation Malaya and Battleground, which led Schary to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.[3] The film was completed at MGM in late 1948 and delayed release due to hesitation about making a film about World War II.[4]

This film's shooting was the first occasion on which James Stewart worked with Spencer Tracy since his screen debut in Murder Man (1935) in which he had a minor role, as Shorty, and had sixth billing.[5]


According to MGM records the film earned $1,959,000 in the US and Canada and $1,128,000 in overseas markets resulting in a profit of $691,000.[1][6]


  1. The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
  2. p. 187 Mavis, Paul The Espionage Filmography: United States Releases, 1898 through 1999 McFarland, 3 Mar 2011
  3. p. 724 Porter, Darwin Howard Hughes: Hell's Angel Blood Moon Productions, Ltd., 2005
  4. p, 232 Parish, James Robert & Mank, Gregory W. The Hollywood Reliables Arlington House, 1980
  6. "Top Grosses of 1950". Variety. January 3, 1951. p. 58.
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