Malanda // is a rural town and locality in the Tablelands Region, Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census, Malanda had a population of 1,985 people. The economy is based upon agriculture (particularly dairy) and tourism.
|Population||1,985 (2016 census)|
|• Density||44.41/km2 (115.01/sq mi)|
|Elevation||732 m (2,402 ft)|
|Area||44.7 km2 (17.3 sq mi)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10:00)|
Malanda is on the Atherton Tableland in Far North Queensland, 85 kilometres (53 mi) from Cairns and 732 metres (2,402 ft) above sea level. The town is located downstream of the Malanda Falls on the North Johnstone River.
The northern entrance to the town passes the Malanda Falls. In comparison to the gorges of the escarpment the falls were created by the last flow of lava from the Malanda Shield Volcano with a cascade of roughly 4 meters. The town's unofficial swimming pool lies at the bottom of the falls, as there is an established pool located near the primary school. The name 'Malanda', according to some sources, was the local Aboriginal word meaning 'waterfalls'.
The name Malanda is synonymous throughout North Queensland with milk and cheese. Local promoters, noting that Malanda milk is sold in the Northern Territory and as far north as Weipa, declared Malanda to be 'the headquarters for one of the largest and longest milk runs in the world'. The milk is also exported to Indonesia and Malaysia. Malanda Milk is now a part of Dairy Farmers, but with a shorter milk run, only as far south as Mackay and as far north as Darwin.
Malanda formed part of Ngajanji territory.
Malanda first developed in the 1900s after the discovery of tin and copper at Herberton saw a steady stream of miners and engineers moving over the mountains from the coast.
In 1886 a decision was made to build a railway coming into the area but the problems of construction outweighed its use. Over 3,412 kilometres (2,120 mi) of railway was installed into the region in the next six years. By 1890 the Tablelands railway line had reached Kuranda. It pushed on to Mareeba in 1893 and Atherton in 1903 and did not reach Malanda until 1911. The line closed in 1964.
In 1908, James English (later the publican of the Malanda Hotel and father of Charles English) and James Emerson both moved into the area. Both saw the district's dairy potential. English brought cattle from Kiama and the Richmond River areas in New South Wales and Emerson had a herd of 1,026 cattle overlanded from Lismore. They took 16 months to reach Malanda and only 560 survived the journey. Despite this arduous start the industry grew and by 1919 Malanda had its own butter factory. In 1973 this amalgamated with the factory in Millaa Millaa to form the Atherton Tablelands Co-operative Dairy Association.
In 1910, in response to a developing local industry, John Prince established a sawmill in Malanda. It was from this mill that the boards for the Malanda Hotel (built in 1911) were sawn.
Malanda Post Office opened by January 1912 (a receiving office had been open from 1911).
At the 2006 census Malanda had a population of 1,009 people.
At the 2011 census Malanda had a population of 2,052 people.
Malanda has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- The Malanda Falls Conservation Park — just opposite the Malanda Falls the park offers a short walk through the rainforest and an opportunity to see a wide range of rainforest trees.
- The Peeramon Hotel — 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the east of the town is the Peeramon Hotel, once a siding for the Tolga-Millaa Millaa railway. Today the solitary pub is the only reminder of a once-thriving town which was surveyed in 1907. The publican has a collection of antique telephones. The hotel suffered some serious damage from Cyclone Larry in March 2006.
- The Malanda Art Trail starts at the town library. Nine vibrant artworks commemorate the rich history of Malanda's community - the Original Inhabitants, Hardships and Struggles, Transport, Commerce, Recollections, Early Settlers, the Dairy Industry, Recreation and Looking Ahead. Close study of the individual mosaics (each of which contains a blue butterfly) reveals many details camouflaged in the intricate designs, and the handmade ceramic border tiles tell more about the theme of the central mosaic. Mosaics were made by former resident Felicity Wallis.
- Swim with platypus at the base of Malanda Falls in the crocodile-free North Johnstone river.
- Drive right over the top of Malanda Falls, where tree-kangaroos have been noted crossing the road.
- The Majestic Theatre is said to be the oldest continually-operating cinema in Australia and has potato sack seating on 14 December 1929 it was dedicated by Fred Browning, Superintendent of the Atherton Ambulance centre. Mr. Browning produced, stage managed and performed in the opening concert.
- The Malanda Hotel has a grand ballroom and staircase and is claimed to be the largest wooden structure in Australia.
- The Historical Resource Centre in Elizabeth Street is the meeting room and archival repository for all printed and photographic collections of the Eacham Historical Society. It houses a comprehensive library of books pertaining to the history of North Queensland. These books are available for perusal and study at the centre by students and members of the general public. Books can be borrowed by members of the society. The Land Settlement Registers, which contain the names of all the first settlers in the Atherton Land Agent's District, are available for perusal and research. The handwritten registers contain a wealth of information about the early settlement of the Atherton tablelands. The Resource Centre is open Tuesday evenings 7.30 pm to 9.30 pm, and Thursday mornings, 9.00 am to noon.
Malanda State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 24 Mary Street (17.3489°S 145.5946°E). In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 351 students with 23 teachers (21 full-time equivalent) and 17 non-teaching staff (11 full-time equivalent). It includes a special education program.
Malanda State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at Memorial Drive (17.3590°S 145.5934°E). In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 368 students with 34 teachers (33 full-time equivalent) and 25 non-teaching staff (18 full-time equivalent). It includes a special education program.
Tablelands Regional Council operates the Malanda Library at 31 James Street, Malanda. It is open Tuesday to Saturday.
The Malanda branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the QCWA Hall at 3 Elizabeth Street.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Malanda (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
- "Malanda - town in Tablelands Region (entry 20684)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
- "Malanda - locality in Tablelands Region (entry 48739)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
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- "NOMENCLATURE OF QUEENSLAND.—182". The Courier-mail (832). Queensland, Australia. 30 April 1936. p. 12. Retrieved 10 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "SKETCHER". The Queenslander (2456). Queensland, Australia. 11 April 1914. p. 8. Retrieved 10 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "Malanda State High School". Archived from the original on 17 January 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
- "Queensland Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-2017" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Malanda (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Malanda (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- "Majestic Picture Theatre (entry 601743)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- "Malanda Falls Swimming Pool (entry 602733)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- "St James Catholic Church & Altar (entry 601283)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
- "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
- "Malanda State School". Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
- "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
- "Malanda State High School". Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
- "Malanda Library". Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
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